The Book of the Dead – Papyrus of Ani

Royal Scribe of the Divine Offerings of all the Gods

commonly known as,


Based on the Facsimile Reproduction of 1890,
With colour plates, and the text of the London 1895 edition.

Translated by Dr. E. A. Wallis Budge

[Note: This publication is in actuality a cannibalised version of two editions of this work, the one containing a complete reproduction of the plates of the Papyrus of Ani in colour, the other the text as it appears in this papyrus.
To make it more readable the description of the plates and vignettes have been omitted, as well as Budge’s interpolations of texts from various papyri other than Ani’s, and his over elaborate footnotes.]


Table of Contents

PLATE 1 Chapter 15
PLATE 2 Hymn to Osiris
PLATE 3 Chapter 30B
PLATE 4 Chapter 30B (cont.)
PLATE 5 Chapter 1
PLATE 6 Chapter 1 (cont.)
Chapter 22
RUBRIC TO Chapter 72
PLATE 7 Chapter 17
PLATE 8 Chapter 17 (cont.)
PLATE 9 Chapter 17 (cont.)
PLATE 10 Chapter 17 (cont.)
PLATE 11 Chapter 147
PLATE 12 Chapter 147 (cont.)
Chapter 146
Chapter 17—Introduction
PLATE 13 Chapter 18
PLATE 14 Chapter 18 (cont.)
PLATE 15 Chapter 23
Chapter 24
Chapter 26
Chapter 30B
Chapter 61
Chapter 54
Chapter 29
PLATE 16 Chapter 27
Chapter 58
Chapter 59
Chapter 44
Chapter 45
Chapter 46
Chapter 40
PLATE 17 Chapter 93
Chapter 93A
Chapter 53
Chapter 89
Chapter 91
Chapter 92
PLATE 18 Chapter 92 (cont.)
Chapter 74
Chapter 8
Chapter 2
Chapter 9
Chapter 132
Chapter 10 (Chapter 48)
PLATE 19 Chapter 15
PLATE 20 Chapter 15
PLATE 21 Chapter 15 (cont.)
Chapter 133
PLATE 22 Chapter 133 (cont.)
Chapter 134
PLATE 23 Chapter 18
(repeated, pt. 1—see plates 13 & 14)
PLATE 24 Chapter 18
(repeated, pt. 2—see plates 13 & 14)
Chapter 124
PLATE 25 Chapter 86
Chapter 77
Chapter 78
PLATE 26 Chapter 78 (cont.)
PLATE 27 Chapter 78 (cont.)
Chapter 87
Chapter 88
Chapter 82
Chapter 85
Chapter 83
PLATE 28 Chapter 84
Chapter 81A
Chapter 80
PLATE 29 Chapter 175
PLATE 30 Chapter 125
PLATE 31 Chapter 125
(‘The Negative Confession’)
PLATE 32 Chapter 125
(‘The Negative Confession’)
PLATE 33 Chapter 155
Chapter 156
Chapter 29B
Chapter 166
PLATE 34 Chapter 151
Chapter 110
PLATE 35 Chapter 148
PLATE 36 Chapter 185
PLATE 37 Chapter 186


Plate 1

Plate 1


(1) A HYMN OF PRAISE TO RA WHEN HE RISETH IN THE EASTERN PART OF HEAVEN. Behold Osiris Ani the scribe who recordeth the holy offerings of all the gods, (2) who saith: “Homage to thee, O thou who hast come as Khepera, Khepera, the creator of the gods. Thou risest, thou shinest, (3) making bright thy mother [Nut], crowned king of the gods. [Thy] mother Nut doeth homage unto thee with both her hands. (4) The land of Manu receiveth thee with content, and the goddess Maat embraceth thee at the two seasons. May he give splendour, and power, and triumph, and (5) a coming-forth [i.e., resurrection] as a living soul to see Horus of the two horizons to the ka of Osiris, the scribe Ani, triumphant before Osiris, (6) who saith: Hail all ye gods of the Temple of the Soul, who weigh heaven and earth in the balance, and who provide food and abundance of meat. Hail Tatunen, One, (7) creator of mankind and of the substance of the gods of the south and of the north, of the west and of the east. Ascribe [ye] praise unto Ra, the lord of heaven, the (8) Prince, Life, Health, and Strength, the Creator of the gods, and adore ye him in his beautiful Presence as he riseth in the atet boat. (9) They who dwell in the heights and they who dwell in the depths worship thee. Thoth and Maat both are thy recorders. Thine enemy is given to the (10) fire, the evil one hath fallen; his arms are bound, and his legs hath Ra taken from him. The children of (11) impotent revolt shall never rise up again.

The House of the Prince keepeth festival, and the sound of those who rejoice is in the (12) mighty dwelling. The gods are glad [when] they see Ra in his rising; his beams flood the world with light. (13) The majesty of the god, who is to be feared, setteth forth and cometh unto the land of Manu; he maketh bright the earth at his birth each day; he cometh unto the place where he was yesterday. (14) O mayest thou be at peace with me; may I behold thy beauties; may I advance upon the earth; may I smite the Ass; may I crush (15) the evil one; may I destroy Apep in his hour; may I see the abtu fish at the time of his creation, and the ant fish in his creation, and the (16) ant boat in its lake. May I see Horus in charge of the rudder, with Thoth and Maat beside him; may I grasp the bows of the (17) seket boat, and the stern of the atet boat. May he grant unto the ka of Osiris Ani to behold the disk of the Sun and to see the Moon-god without ceasing, every day; and may my soul (18) come forth and walk hither and thither and whithersoever it pleaseth. May my name be proclaimed when it is found upon the board of the table of (22) offerings; may offerings be made unto me in my (24) presence, even as they are made unto the followers of Horus; may there be prepared for me a seat in the boat of the Sun on the day of the going forth of the (26) god; and may I be received into the presence of Osiris in the land (28) of triumph!

Plate 2

Plate 2


(1) “Glory be to Osiris Un-nefer, the great god within Abydos, king of eternity, lord of the everlasting, who passeth through millions of years in his existence. Eldest son of the womb (2) of Nut, engendered by Seb the Erpat, lord of the crowns of the North and South, lord of the lofty white crown. As Prince of gods and of men (3) he hath received the crook and the flail and the dignity of his divine fathers. Let thy heart which is in the mountain of Amenta be content, for thy son Horus is stablished upon thy throne. (4) Thou art crowned lord of Tattu and ruler in Abtu. Through thee the world waxeth green (5) in triumph before the might of Neb-er-tcher. He leadeth in his train that which is and that which is not yet, in his name (6) Ta-her-seta-nef; he toweth along the earth in triumph in his name Seker. He is (7) exceeding mighty and most terrible in his name Osiris. He endureth for ever and for ever in his name Un-nefer. (8) Homage to thee, King of kings, Lord of lords, Prince of princes, who from the womb of Nut hast possessed the world (9) and hast ruled all lands and Akert. Thy body is of gold, thy head is of azure, and emerald light encircleth thee. O An[8] of millions of years, (10) all-pervading with thy body and beautiful in countenance in Ta-sert. Grant thou to the ka of Osiris, the scribe Ani, splendour in heaven and might upon earth and triumph in Neter-khert; and that I may sail down to (11) Tattu like a living soul and up to (13) Abtu like a bennu (phœnix); and that I may go in and come out without repulse at (15) the pylons of the Tuat. May there be given unto (16) me loaves of bread in the house of coolness, and (17) offerings of food in Annu, (18) and a homestead for ever in Sekhet-Aru with wheat and barley (20) therefore.”

Plate 3

Plate 3


Osiris, the scribe Ani, saith: “My heart my mother, my heart my mother, my heart my coming into being! May there be nothing to resist me at [my] judgment; may there be no opposition to me from the Tchatcha; may there be no parting of thee from me in the presence of him who keepeth the scales! Thou art my ka within my body [which] knitteth and strengtheneth my limbs. Mayest thou come forth to the place of happiness to which I am advancing. “May the Shenit not cause my name to stink, and may no lies be spoken against me in the presence of the god! Good is it for thee to hear.” ….

Thoth, the righteous judge of the great company of the gods who are in the presence of the god Osiris, saith: “Hear ye this judgment. The heart of Osiris hath in very truth been weighed, and his soul hath stood as a witness for him; it hath been found true by trial in the Great Balance. There hath not been found any wickedness in him; he hath not wasted the offerings in the temples; he hath not done harm by his deeds; and he uttered no evil reports while he was upon earth.”

The great company of the gods reply to Thoth dwelling in Khemennu: “That which cometh forth from thy mouth hath been ordained. Osiris, the scribe Ani, triumphant, is holy and righteous. He hath not sinned, neither hath he done evil against us. Let it not be given to the devourer Amemet to prevail over him. Meat-offerings and entrance into the presence of the god Osiris shall be granted unto him, together with a homestead for ever in Sekhet-hetepu, as unto the followers of Horus.”

Plate 4

Plate 4


Saith Horus, the son of Isis: “I have come unto thee, O Unnefer, and I have brought the Osiris Ani unto thee. His heart is [found] righteous coming forth from the balance, and it hath not sinned against god or goddess. Thoth hath weighed it according to the decree uttered unto him by the company of the gods; and it is very true and righteous. Grant him cakes and ale; and let him enter into the presence of Osiris; and may he be like unto the followers of Horus for ever.”

Behold, Osiris Ani saith: “O Lord of Amentet (the underworld), I am in thy presence. There is no sin in me, I have not lied wittingly, nor have I done aught with a false heart. Grant that I may be like unto those favoured ones who are round about thee, and that I may be an Osiris, greatly favoured of the beautiful god and beloved of the lord of the world, [I] the royal scribe indeed, who loveth him Ani, triumphant before the god Osiris.”

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