“…To those that were already mentioned, another “first” that has endured almost without a break has been Kingship. As all others, this “first” too was granted to the Sumerians by the Anunnaki. In the word of the Sumerian King Lists, “after the Flood had swept over the Earth, when Kingship was lowered from Heaven, Kingship was in Kish.” It was, perhaps, because of this – because – “Kingship was lowered from Heaven” – that kings have deemed it a right to be taken aloft, to ascend unto the Gates of Heaven.
“…The Mesopotamian texts relate that, faced with the reality of a devastated planet, Enlil accepted the fact of Mankind’s survival and bestowed his blessings upon the remnants. Realizing that henceforth the Anunnaki themselves could not continue their stay and functioning on Earth without human help. Enlil joined Enki in providing Mankind with the advancement that we call the progress from Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) to Mesolithic and Neolithic (Middle and New Stone Ages) to the sudden Sumerian civilization – in each instance at 3,600-years intervals – that marked the introduction of animal and plant domestication and the switchover from stone to clay and pottery to copper tools and utensils, then to a full-fledged civilization.
“As the Mesopotamian texts make clear, the institution of Kingship as an aspect of such high-level civilizations with their hierarchies was created by the Anunnaki to form a partition between themselves and the surging masses of humanity.
“…We read in the texts that the decision to create Kingship came only after great turmoil and warfare among the Anunnaki themselves – conflicts that we have termed Pyramid Wars in our book The Wars of Gods and Men. These bitter conflicts were halted by a peace treaty that divided the ancient settled world into four regions…
“…When finally, after the decisions regarding the four regions and the granting of civilizations and Kingship to Mankind were reached, “the scepter of Kingship was brought down from Heaven.”
“…The Sumerian “first” in Kingship is further evidenced by the biblical use of the term “Mighty Man” to describe the first king, for this is a literal rendering of the Sumerian word for king, LU.GAL – “Great/Mighty Man.”
“There have been many attempts to identify “Nimrod.” Since according to Sumerian “myths” it was Ninurta, the Foremost Son of Enlil, who was given the task of instituting “Enlilship” in Kish, Nimrod might have been the Hebrew name for Ninurta. If it is a man’s name no one knows what it was in Sumerian because the clay tablet is damaged there…
“…The list of names and lengths of reign is deviated from only once, in respect to the thirteenth king. Of him the King Lists state:
Etana, a shepherd,
he who ascended to heaven,
who consolidated all countries,
became king and ruled for 1,560 years.
“This historical notation is not an idle one; for there does exist a long epic tale, the Epic of Etana, that describes his Divine Encounters in his efforts to reach the Gate of Heaven.
“… clearly a beloved king known for a major benevolent achievement (the “consolidation of all countries”), who was deprived of a son and natural successor because of his wife’s malady; and the only remedy was the Plant of Birth, which could be obtained only in the Heavens. The story thus leads to Etana’s dramatic attempts to reach the Gates of Heaven, borne aloft on the wings of an eagle (a part of the tale that was depicted on cylinder seals from the twenty-fourth century B.C.). The other story line deals with the Eagle, its friendship at first and then quarrel with a Serpent, resulting in the Eagle’s imprisonment in a pit from which it is saved by Etana in a mutually beneficial deal: Etana rescues the Eagle and repairs its wings in exchange for the Eagle’s acting as a spaceship that takes Etana to distant heavens.
“Several Sumerian texts convey historical data in the form of an allegorical disputation (some of which we had already mentioned), and scholars are uncertain where in the Eagle-Serpent segment allegory ends and a historical record begins. The fact that in both segments it is Utu/Shamash, the commander of the Spaceport, who is the deity that controls the fate of the Eagle and who arranges for Etana to meet the Eagle, suggests a factual space-related event. Moreover, in what scholars call The Historical Introduction to the interwoven episodes, the narrative sets the stage for the related events as a time of conflict and clashes in which the IGI.GI (“Those Who Observe and See”) – the corps of astronauts who remained in Earth orbit and manned the shuttlecraft (as distinct from the Anunnaki who had come down to Earth) – “barred the gates” and “patrolled the city” against opponents whose identity is lost in the damaged tablets. All of this spells actuality, a record of facts.
“The unusual presence of the Igigi in a city on land, the fact that Utu/Shamash was commander of the Spaceport (by then in the Fourth Region), and the designation of the pilot-cum-spacecraft of Etana as an Eagle, suggest that the conflict echoed in the Etana tale had to do with space flight. Could it be an attempt to create an alternative space center, one not controlled by Utu/Shamash? Could the Eagleman who was involved in the failed attempt, or the intended spacecraft, be banished to languish in a pit – an underground silo? A depiction of a rocketship in an underground silo (showing the command module above ground – (image below) has been found in the tomb of Hui, an Egyptian governor of the Sinai in Pharaonic times, indicating that an “Eagle” in a “pit” was recognized in antiquity as a rocketship in its silo.
A rocketship in an underground silo (showing the command module above ground)
The tomb of Hui
“…Nowadays we call such a structure a launch tower, and its “head” that can reach the heavens is called a rocketship …
“We have arrived, in the biblical narrative and chronologically, at the incident of the Tower of Babel – the unauthorized construction of a space facility. So, “Yahweh came down to see the city and the tower that the Children of Adam were building.”
“…The Bible identifies the place where the attempt to scale the heavens had taken place as Babylon, explaining its Hebrew name Babel as derived from the root “to confuse.” In fact the original Mesopotamian name, Bab-ili, meant “Gateway of the Gods” a place intended by Marduk, the Firstborn son of Enki, to serve as an alternative launch site, free of Enlilite control…
“…Such correspondences between the Sumerian and biblical chronologies shed light on the identity of the divine beings who, like Yahweh in the biblical version, had come down to see what was happening in Babylon, and to whom Yahweh had expressed his concerns. They were the Igigi, who came down to Earth, occupied the city, barred its seven gates against the opposing forces, and patrolled the place until order was restored under a new chosen king capable of “consolidating the lands.” That new ruler was Etana…
“…And Etana, having “consolidated the land” turned his mind to the need for a male hair.
“…Thereafter, “his wife said to Etana: the god showed me a dream. Like Etana my husband, I have had a dream.” In the dream she saw a man. He held a plant in his hand; it was a shammu sha aladi, a Plant of Birth. He kept pouring cold water on it so that it might “become established in this house.” He brought the plant to his city and into his house. From the plant there blossomed a flower, the plant withered away…
“…Where was this plant, Etana asked his wife. But, she said, in her dream “I could not see where it was growing….” Etana went in search of it. He crossed rivers and mountain streams, he rode to and fro. But he could not find the plant. Frustrated, Etana sought divine guidance. “Everyday Etana prayed repeatedly to Shamash…”
“…The texts do not state where Etana had thus appealed to Utu/Shamash, the commander of the Spaceport. But apparently it was not a face-to-face encounter, for we read next that “Shamash made his voice heard and spoke to Etana.” And this was what the divine voice said:
Go along the roads, cross the mountains.
Find a pit and look carefully at what
is inside it.
An Eagle is abandoned down there.
He will obtain for you the Plant of Birth.
Etana found the Eagle, abandoned in the pit, and they made a deal… But this first attempt failed, and the Eagle did not find the Plant of Birth.
Mr. Sitchin continues relating another dream Etana had, after which the Eagle also had a dream:
“…My friend,” he said to Etana, “that same god to me too showed a dream”:
We were going through the entrance
of the gates of Anu, Enlil and Ea;
we bowed down together, you and I.
We were going through the entrance
of the gates of Sin, Shamash, Adad and Ishtar;
We bowed down together, you and I.
“…the Eagle was describing a reverse journey – from the center of the Solar System where the Sun (Shamash), the Moon (Sin), Mercury (Adad), and Venus (Ishtar) are clustered, toward the outer planets and the outermost one, Anu’s domain of Nibiru!
“…What follows in the ancient text is a description of space flight, as realistic as any reported by modern astronauts…
See, my friend, how the land appears!
Peer at the sea at the sites of the Mountain House:
The land has indeed become a mere hill,
the wide sea is just a tub!
Cast a glance at how the Earth appears!
The land has turned into a furrow …
The wide sea is just like a bread-basket …
“After they had journeyed another beru, the land was seen no larger than a gardener’s ditch. And after that, as they continued to ascend, the Earth was totally out of sight. Recording the experience, Etana said thus:
As I glanced around,
the land had disappeared;
and upon the wide sea
mine eyes could not feast.
“They were so far out in space that the Earth had disappeared from view!
“Seized with fright, Etana called out to the Eagle to turn back. It was a dangerous descent, for the Eagle “plunged down” to Earth… With Ishtar’s intervention, the Eagle and his passenger landed in a forest.
“…In the second region of civilization, that of the Nile River, Kingship began circa 3100 B.C. – human Kingship, that is, for Egyptian traditions held that long before that Egypt was ruled by gods and demigods.
“According to the Egyptian priest Manetho, who had written down the history of Egypt when Alexander’s Greeks arrived in times immemorial “Gods of Heaven” came to Earth from the Celestial Disc… “a very great god who had come to Earth in the earliest times” raised the land from under the waters by ingenious damming, dyking, and land reclamation works. His name was Ptah, “The Developer” and he was a great scientist who had earlier had a hand in the creation of Man.
“…The Egyptian term for “gods” was NTR – “Guardian, Watcher” and the belief was that they had come to Egypt from Ta-ur, the “foreign/Far Land.” In our previous writings we have identified that land as Sumer (more correctly Shumer, “Land of the Guardians”) Egypt’s gods as the Anunnaki, Ptah as Ea/Enki (whose Sumerian nickname, NUDIMMUD, meant “The Artful Creator”) and Ra as his Firstborn son Marduk.
Asar, a great grandchild of Marduk:
“…Asar, (“The All-Seeing”) whom the Greeks called Osiris… To keep the peace, Egypt was divided between Osiris (who was given Lower Egypt in the north) and Seth (Osiris’ brother) who was assigned Upper Egypt in the south. But Seth deemed himself entitled to all of Egypt, and never accepted the division. Using subterfuge, he managed to seize Osiris, cut up his body into fourteen pieces, and dispersed the pieces all over Egypt. But Isis (Osiris’ sister) managed to retrieve the pieces (all except for the phallus) and put together the mutilated body, thereby resurrecting the dead Osiris to life in the Other World.
“…And thus was born the belief that the king of Egypt, the Pharaoh, if “put together” (mummified) like Osiris after death, could journey to join the gods in their abode, enter the secret Gates of Heaven, encounter there the great god Ra, and if allow to enter, enjoy an eternal Afterlife.
“The journey to this ultimate Divine Encounter was a simulated one, but to simulate one has to emulate a real, actual precedent – a journey that the gods themselves, and specifically so the resurrected Osiris, had actually taken from the shores of the Nile to Neter-Khert, “The Gods’ Mountainland,” where an Ascender would take them aloft the Duat, a magical “Abode for rising to the stars.”
“…The Duat was conceived as an enclosed Circle of the Gods, at the headpoint of which the sky (represented by the goddess Nut) opened so that the Imperishable Star (represented by the Celestial Disc) could be reached…
Mr. Sitchin explains in detail the Pharaoh’s journey. The same appears in Book Two “The Stairway to Heaven.”