“…The Bible introduces Noah, the hero of the Deluge tale who was singled out to be saved with his family as “a righteous man, of perfect genealogy, with the Elohim did Noah walk.” The Mesopotamian texts paint a more comprehensive picture of the man, suggesting that he was the offspring of a demigod and possibly (as Lamech had suspected) a demigod himself. It fills out the details of what “walking with the Elohim” had really entailed. Among the many details that the Mesopotamian texts provide, the role played by dreams as an important form of Divine Encounter becomes evident. And there is a vivid, first person report of a Divine Encounter unique in all the annals of the ancient Near East – the blessing of humans by the deity by the physical touching of the forehead.
“In the biblical version it is the same deity who resolves to wipe Mankind off the face of the Earth and, contradictorily, acts to prevent the demise of Mankind by devising a way to save the hero of the tale and his family. In the Sumerian original text and its subsequent Mesopotamian recensions, more than one deity is involved; and as in other instances, Enlil and Enki emerge as the chief protagonists: the stricter Enlil, upset by the intermarriages with the daughters of Man, calling for putting an end to Mankind; but the lenient Enki, deeming Mankind as his “Created Ones,” schemes to save it through a chosen family.
“The Deluge, furthermore, was not a universal calamity brought about by an angry god, but a natural calamity seized by an upset Enlil to attain the desired goal. It was preceded by a long period of a worsening climate, increasing cold, reduced precipitation, and failing crops – conditions that we have identified in The 12th Planet… With their IGI.GI (“Those who Observe and See”) orbiting the Earth and with a scientific station at the tip of Africa, the Anunnaki were well aware of the danger. And as the next orbital proximity of Nibiru was due, they well realized that the heightened gravitational pull on this passage could well trigger the calamity.
“…Enlil forbade the other gods from helping Mankind; it is evident from the details in the Epic of Atra-hasis that his intention was to have Mankind perish by starvation…
“…In spite of all the suffering, Mankind was still around. The people’s outcry – “bellowing” in Enlil’s words – only increased his annoyance… And so he made the other leaders swear that what is about to happen – the avalanche of water – would be kept a secret from the Earthlings, so that they would perish…
“…That the Anunnaki themselves were preparing to abandon Earth in their shuttlecraft was another part of the secret that the gods swore to keep from Mankind. But as all the other took the oath, Enki resisted…
“…It was after that fatal oath-taking ceremony that Atra-hasis, staying day and night at the temple, received the following message in a dream
The gods commanded total destruction.
Enlil imposed an evil deed on the humans.
“…”Atra-hasis opened his mouth and addressed his god: ‘Teach me the meaning of the dream, so that I may understand its meaning.'”
“But how could Enki be more explicit without breaking his oath?… He did swear not to reveal “the secret” to Mankind; but could he not tell the secret to a wall?
…And so, one day, Atra-hasis heard his god’s voice without seeing him. This was no communications by means of a dream, at night, it was daytime; and yet, the encounter was totally different.
“The experience was traumatic. We read in the Assyrian recension that the baffled Atra-hasis bowed and prostrated himself, then stood up, opened his mouth, and said:
Enki, lord-god –
I heard your entry,
I noticed steps like your footsteps!
“…still not seeing his god, Atra-hasis heard the deity’s voice coming from behind the reed wall in the temple; his lord-god was giving instructions to the wall:
Wall, listen to me!
Reed wall, observe my words!
Discard your house, build a boat!
Spurn property, save life!
“Instructions for the boat then followed…
“…The construction of the boat, obviously, could not have been hidden from the other people… for that, Atra-hasis was instructed (from behind the reed wall) to explain to the others that he was building the boat in order to leave the city… as a worshipper of Enki, he could no longer stay in a place controlled by Enlil.
“…The embarkation of pairs of animals has been a favorite subject… It has also been one of the eyebrow raisers of the tale, deemed a virtual impossibility and thus more of an allegorical way to explain how animal life continued even after the Deluge…
“…It is therefore noteworthy that the Deluge recension in the Epic of Gilgamesh offers a totally different detail regarding the preservation of animal life: It was not the living animals that were taken aboard – it was their seed that was preserved!
Reed hut, reed hut! Wall, wall!
Reed hut, hearken! Wall, reflect!
Man of Shuruppack, son of Ubar-Tutu:
Abandon your house, build a ship!
Give up possessions, seek thou life!
Forswear good, the life keep!
Aboard the ship take thou
the seed of all living things.
“…The term for “seed” in the Old Babylonian and Assyrian recensions is the Akkadian word zeru (Zera in Hebrew) which stands for that from which living things sprout and grow. That these recensions stem from Sumerian originals has been clearly established; indeed, in some of the Akkadian versions the technical term for “seed” has been retained by its original Sumerian NUMUN, which was used to signify that by which a man had offspring.
“Taking on board “the seed of living beings” rather than the animals themselves not only reduced the space requirements to manageable proportions, it also implies the application of sophisticated biotechnology to preserve varied species – a technique being developed nowadays by learning the genetic secrets of DNA. This was feasible since Enki was involved; for he was the master of genetic engineering, symbolized in this capacity by the Entwined Serpents that emulated the double-helixed DNA.
“The assigning by the Sumerian/Mesopotamian texts of the role of Mankind’s savior to Enki makes much sense. He was the creator of The Adam and of Homo sapiens, was understandable… As chief scientist of the Anunnaki he could select, obtain, and provide “the seed of all living beings… He was also best suited for the role of the designer of Noah’s ark…
“…Built so that two-thirds of its great size would be below the waterline, it was given considerable stability… Of the many suggestions for the shape of Noah’s ark, the one by Paul Haupt (“The Ship of the Babylonian Noah” in Beitrage zur Assyriologie) appears to us the most plausible. It also bears a striking resemblance to a modern submarine, with a conning tower whose hatch is closed tight when diving.
“No wonder, perhaps, that this specially designed vessel was described in the Babylonian and Assyrian recensions as a tzulili – a term which even nowadays (in modern Hebrew, Tzolelet) denotes a submersible boat, a submarine. The Sumerian term for Ziusudra’s boat was MA.GUR.GUR, meaning “a boat that can turn and tumble.”
“…The Hebrew term in Genesis for the complete boat was Teba, which denotes something closed on all sides, a “box” rather than the commonly translated “ark.” Stemming from the Akkadian Tebitu, it is considered by some scholars to signify a “goods vessel,” a cargo ship. But the term with a hard “T,” means “to sink.” The boat was thus a “sinkable” boat, hermetically sealed, so that even if submerged under the tidal wave of the Deluge, it could survive the watery ordeal and resurface.
“Noah’s ark and its construction are key components of the Deluge tale, for without such a boat Mankind would have perished as Enlil had wished. The tale of the boat has a bearing on another aspect of the pre-Diluvial era; for it re-states familiarity with and use of boats in those early times – aspects already mentioned in the Adapa tale. All this corroborates the existence of pre-Diluvial shipping, and thus the incredible Cro-Magnon depictions of boats in their Cave Art.
“When the construction of the boat was completed and its outfitting and its loading done as Enki had directed, Atra-hasis brought his family into the boat… some close friends… In the Akkadian version, Utnapishtim “made all the craftsmen go on board…” from the Mesopotamian texts we also learn that the group also included an expert navigator, Puzur-Amurri by name, whom Enki provided…
“…A few important facts emerge from these details. They indicate that the master of the Salvation Plan was aware not only of the very existence of the Mount (the boatman’s instruction were to navigate, after the tidal wave subsided, to Mount Nitzir -“Mount of Salvation”- the twin-peaked Mount Ararat) so far away from southern Mesopotamia, but also that these twin peaks would be the first to emerge from the tidal wave, being the highest peaks in the whole of western Asia (17,000 and 12,900 feet high). This would have been a well-known fact to any one of the Anunnaki leaders, for when they established their pre-Diluvial Spaceport in Sippar, they anchored the Landing corridor on the twin peaks of Ararat.
“The master of the Salvation Plan, furthermore, was also aware of the general direction in which the avalanche of water will carry the boat; for unless the tidal wave were to come from the south and carry the boat northward, no navigator could redirect the boat (with no oars and no sail)…
“…the biblical and earlier Mesopotamian texts make clear that – the catastrophe began with a rush of wind from the south followed by a watery wave from the south. The source of the waters were the “fountains of the Great Deep” – a term that referred to the great and deep oceanic waters beyond Africa. The avalanche of water “submerged the dams of the dry land” – the coastal continental barriers. As the ice over Antarctica slipped into the Indian Ocean it caused an immense tidal wave. Gushing forth across the ocean northward, the wall of water overwhelmed the continental coastline of Arabia and rushed up the Persian Gulf. Then it reached the funnel of The Land Between the Rivers, engulfing all the lands.
“…One result of the catastrophe was that Antarctica, for the first time in so many thousand of years, was freed of its ice cover. Its true continental features – coasts, bays, even rivers – were available to be seen, if there had been anyone at the time to see them. Amazingly (but not to our surprise), such a “someone” was there!
“We know that because of the existence of maps showing an ice-free Antarctica.
Mr. Sitchin presents several maps in his book including the one of the Turkish Admiral Piri-Re’is.
“Indeed, the slippage of Antarctica’s ice cover and its effects on the Earth are mentioned in a major text known as the Erra Epos.
“…As the Deluge overwhelmed the lands and destroyed all upon them, the Anunnaki themselves were airborne, orbiting the Earth in their spacecraft. From the skies they could see the havoc and destruction… But all, except Enki, were not aware that a family of humans, saved from the calamity, was also headed that way … (the Anunnaki’s destination was also Mount Ararat, after the water would subside).
“The unexpected encounter was full of surprising aspects; their bearing the human search for Immortality lingered for ten thousand years, and beyond. They also left a permanent human yearning to see the Face of God.
“…The rapprochement between the angry god and the remnant of Humankind is again described in greater detail and some variation in the Mesopotamian sources. The sequence of events (as in the biblical version), is retained…
“…As Utnapishtim recalled it when he told “the secret of the gods” to Gilgamesh, after he had come out of the boat, he “offered a sacrifice and poured out a libation on the mountaintop, set up seven and seven cult vessels, heaped upon their pot-stands cane, cedarwood and myrtle.” The gods, emerging from their spacecraft as they too landed on the mountain, “smelled the sweet savor, crowded like flies about the sacrificer.”
“…Joining the gathering, Ea/Enki admitted what he had done. But, he made sure to point out, he did not violate his oath to secrecy… All he did was to “let Atra-hasis see a dream,” and this clever human “perceived the secret of the gods” by himself…
“…Whatever the motives, Enlil did have a change of heart.
“…The Bible simply states that after Yahweh had repented, Elohim blessed Noah and his sons.” From Mesopotamian sources we learn what the blessing had entailed. It was an unheard-of ceremony, a unique Divine Encounter in which the deity had physically taken the chosen humans by the hand and, standing between them, physically touched their forehead to convey a divine attribute. There, on Mount Ararat, in full view of the other Anunnaki, Enlil bestowed immortality upon Utnapishtim and his wife…
“…And, “thus they took me and made me reside in the Far Away, at the mouth of the waters,” Utnapishtim told Gilgamesh.
“The amazing part of this tale is that Utnapishtim was relating it to Gilgamesh some ten thousand years after the Deluge!
“…The real extraordinary aspect is that the wife of Utnapishtim was also able to live that long as a result of the blessing and the sacred place of residence to which the couple were transported.
“Indeed, it was such famed longevity of the Blessed Couple that had led Gilgamesh – a king of the city of Erech, circa 2900 B.C. – to search for the hero of the Deluge…
“As a final act of the Deluge drama, according to the Bible, Elohim assured the saved humans that such a calamity shall never occur again, and as a sign, “I placed my bow in the cloud as a token of the covenant between me and the Earth.” Though this particular detail does not show up in the extant Mesopotamian versions, the deity who had covenanted with the people was indeed sometimes shown as in this (appears on Mr. Sitchin’s book) Mesopotamian depiction, as a bow-holding god in the clouds.