Chapter 3: The Three Who to Heaven Ascended

“…All three require accepting as truthful the Sumerian assertion that there have been a developed civilization before the Deluge, one that was wiped out and buried under millions of tons of mud by the avalanche of water that engulfed Mesopotamia. This Sumerian assertion was not doubted by later generations… The Bible too, describes an advanced civilization with cities, crafts, and arts in respect of the line of Cain. Though no such details are provided in respect to the line of Seth, the very tale of Noah and the construction of the ark implies a state of affairs where people could already build seagoing vessels.

“That such civilization expressed itself in urban centers in Mesopotamia (the core of such advances) but in only magnificent artistry among the European branch of Cro-Magnons is quite possible. As a matter of fact, some of the images painted or drawn by the cave artists depict inexplicable structures or objects. They become meaningful if one accepts the possibility that Cro-Magnons had seen (or perhaps even travelled by) masted seagoing vessels – a possibility that could explain how Man crossed the two oceans 20,000 or even 30,000 years ago to reach America from the Old World.

“…The first one is the tale recounted in what scholars call The Legend of Adapa. An intriguing aspect of the tale is that, prior to the heavenly ascent, Adapa was involved in an involuntary sea crossing to an unknown land because his boat was blown off course – an episode that is perhaps reflected in the recollections of early Americans and in the Cro-Magnons cave depictions.

“Adapa, according to the ancient text, was a protégé of Enki. Allowed to live in Enki’s city Eridu (the very first settlement of the Anunnaki on Earth), “daily he attended the sanctuary of Eridu.” Choosing him to become “as a model of men,” Enki (in this text called by his initial epithet-name, E.A) “gave him wisdom, but did not give him eternal life.” It is not just the similarity between the names Adapa and Adam, but also this statement, that led various scholars to see in the ancient tale of Adapa the forerunner (or inspiration for) the tale of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, who were allowed to eat of the Tree of Knowing but not of the Tree of Life…

“…One day “at the holy quay, the Quay of the New Moon” (the Moon was then the celestial body associated with Ea/Enki) “he boarded the sailboat,” perhaps intending to just sail to catch fish. But then calamity struck…

“… a major storm, “the South Wind, began to blow. It apparently unexpectedly changed direction, and instead of blowing from the sea toward land it blew toward the open ocean. For seven days the storm blew, carrying Adapa to an unknown distant region. There, stranded, “at the place where is the home of the fishes, he took up a residence.” We are not told how long he was stranded at that southern location, not how he was finally rescued.

“…In his heavenly abode, according to the tale, Anu wondered why the South Wind “has not blown toward the land for seven days.” His vizier Ilabrat answered him that it was because “Adapa, offspring of Ea, had broken the wing of the South Wind.” Perplexed, Anu (“rising from his throne”) said, “Let them fetch him hither!”

“”At that, Ea, he who knows what pertains to Heaven,” took charge of the preparations for the celestial journey. He made Adapa wear his hair unkempt, and clothed him in mourning garb.” He then gave Adapa the following advice:

You are about to go before Anu, the king;
The road to heaven you will be taking.
When you approach the gate of Anu
the gods Dumuzi and Gizzida
at the gate of Anu will be standing.
When they see you, they will ask you:
“Man, on account of whom do you look thus,
for whom so you wear mourning garb?”


“To this question, Ea instructed Adapa, you must give the following answer: “Two gods have vanished from our land, that is why I am thus.” When they question you who the two gods were, Ea continued, you must say, “Dumuzi and Gizzida they are.” And, since the two gods whose names you tell as being the vanished gods for whom you mourn will be the very same two who guard the gate of Anu, Ea explained, “They will glance at each other, and laugh a lot, and will speak to Anu a good word about you.”

As you stand before Anu
they will offer you bread;
it is Death, do not eat!
They will offer you water;
it is Death, do not drink!
They will offer you a garment;
put it on.
They will offer you oil;
anoint yourself with it!


“You must not neglect these instructions,” Ea cautioned Adapa; “to that which I have spoken, hold fast!”

“Soon thereafter the emissary of Anu arrived. Anu, he said, gave the following instructions: “Adapa, he who broke the South Wind’s wing – bring him to me!” And so speaking,

He made Adapa take the way to heaven,
and to heaven he ascended


And it happened as Enki said it would…

“…Evidently Anu had such suspicions right then and there, for having heard Adapa’s tale he was puzzled, and asked:

Why did Ea to an unworthy human
disclose the way of heaven
and the plans of Earth –
rendering him distinguished,
making a Shem for him?


“And, continuing such rhetorical questions, Anu asked: “As for us, what shall we do about him?”

“…Adapa’s peculiar behavior amazed Anu. “Anu looked at him, and laughed at him.” “Come now, Adapa,” Anu said, “why did you not eat, why did you not drink?” To which Adapa responded, “Ea, my master, commanded me, ‘you shall not eat, you shall not drink.'”

“When Anu heard this, wrath filled his heart.” He dispatched an emissary, “one who knows the thoughts of the great Anunnaki,” to discuss the matter with the lord Ea. The emissary… repeated the events in Heaven word for word. The tablet then becomes too damaged and illegible, so that we do not know Ea’s explanations for his odd instructions (that were, obviously, intended to sustain his decision to give Adapa knowledge but not immortality).

“No matter how the discussion ended, Anu decided to send Adapa back to Earth, and since Adapa used the oil to anoint himself, Anu decreed that back in Eridu, Adapa’s destiny will be to start a line of priests who will be adept at curing diseases. On the way back,

Adapa, from the horizon of heaven
to the zenith of heaven cast a glance;
and he saw its awesomeness.


“The interesting question, what was the transportation by which Adapa had made the round-trip, seeing in the process the awesome expanse of the heavens, is answered by the ancient text only indirectly, when Anu wonders out loud why did Ea “make a Shem” for Adapa. This Akkadian word is usually translated “name.” But as we have elaborated in The 12th Planet, the term (MU in Sumerian) obtained this meaning from the shape of the stones erected to “commemorate the name ” of a king – a shape that emulated the pointed skychambers of the Anunnaki. What Anu wondered, then, was, Why did Ea provide a skyrocket for Adapa?

“Mesopotamian depictions show “Eaglemen” – Anunnaki astronauts in their dress uniforms – flanking and saluting a rocketlike Shem. Another depiction shows two such “Eaglemen” guarding the gateway of Anu (illustrating perhaps the gods Dumuzi and Gizzida of the Adapa tale). The gate’s lintel is decorated with the emblem of the winged Disc, the celestial symbol of Nibiru, which establishes where the gate was…

“…Tablets that cataloged literary works kept on shelves of the library of Ashurbanipal in Nineveh mention, in their undamaged portions, at least two “books” relating to Adapa’s knowledge…

“…One other book (i.e. a set of tablets) by Adapa that was listed on the shelves of the library of Nineveh was titled “Celestialship which to the Sage of Anu, Adapa [was given].” The Legend of Adapa texts repeatedly refer to the fact that Adapa was shown “the ways of heaven,” enabling him to travel from Earth to the heavenly abode of Anu. The implication that Adapa was shown a celestial route map ought to be taken as based on fact, for – incredibly – at least one such route map has been found. It is depicted on a clay disc, undoubtedly a copy of an earlier artifact, that was also discovered in the ruins of the royal library of Nineveh and that is now kept in the British Museum in London. Divided into eight segments, it depicted (as evident from the undamaged portions), precise geometric shapes (some, such as an ellipse, unknown from other ancient artifacts), arrows, and accompanying notations in Akkadian that referred to various planets, stars, and constellations. Of particular interest is an almost-intact segment whose notations… of space flight instructions identify it as the Route of Enlil from a mountainous planet (Nibiru) to Earth. Beyond Earth’s skies (the “Way of Enlil”) lie four celestial bodies (which other texts identify as Sun, Moon, Mercury, and Venus). In between, the flight passes by seven planets.

“…Significant, too, though in other respects, is the fact that the route passes between the planets named in Sumerian DIL.GAN (Jupiter) and APIN (Mars). Mesopotamian astronomical texts referred to Mars as the planet “where the right course is set,” when a turn is made as the drawing on the segment indicates. In Genesis Revisited we have presented considerable ancient and modern evidence in support of a conclusion that an ancient space base had existed on Mars.

“The missing text or the damaged portions of Adapa Legend might have shed light on a puzzling aspect of the tale: If Ea foresaw all that would happen at the heavenly abode, what was the purpose of scheming to send Adapa aloft if, in the end, he was to be deprived of Eternal Life?

“Tales from post-Diluvial times (such as that of Gilgamesh) indicate that offspring of human and a god (or goddess) deemed themselves worthy of Immortality, and went to great lengths to join the gods to attain that. Was Adapa such a “demigod,” and did he nag Ea to endow him with Immortality? The reference to Adapa as “offspring of Ea” is translated by some literally as “son of Ea,” born to Enki by a human female. This would explain Ea’s scheme to pretend that Adapa’s wish is being granted, while in fact he maneuvered for the opposite result.

“In Sumerian times the “Sages of Eridu” were a class unto themselves, ancient savants of blessed memory. Their names and specialties were listed and recorded with great respect and reverence in countless texts.

“According to those sources, the sages of Eridu were seven in number… The Assyrian text calls [Enoch] Utu-Abzu; Professor Borger concluded that he was the Assyrian “Enoch,” because according to the biblical record, it was the seventh pre-Diluvial Patriarch, whom the Bible calls Enoch, who was taken by God to the heavenly abode.

“…”Enoch walked with the Elohim,” and was taken aloft by Elohim.” The Hebrew term, as we have shown, stood for DIN.GIR [“The Righteous Ones of the Rocketships”] in the Sumerian sources of Genesis. Thus it was the Anunnaki with whom Enoch “walked” and by whom he was taken aloft. This gloss, as well as scientific data that could come only from the Sumerian sexagesimal system of mathematics and the Sumerian calendar that had originated in Nippur, are clues to the ancient sources of compositions thanks to which we know much more about Enoch than the laconic biblical sentence.

“… According to the Book of Jubilees, Enoch spent his time by “writing down the condemnations and judgments of the world,” on account of which “God brought the waters of the Flood upon all the land of Eden.”

“Even greater detail is provided by the Pseudepigraphic Book of Enoch, in which the tale of Enoch is not part of the patriarchal tale but the principal object of a major work…

“…The Hebrew original of the Book of Enoch is lost, but had surely existed because fragments thereof, mixed in with an Aramaic dialect (Aramaic having become by then the language of common daily usage), have been found among the Dead Sea Scrolls. Widely quoted and translated into Greek and Latin, it was considered as holy scripture by nearly all the writers of the New Testament. With all that, the composition has survived mainly owing to much later translations into Ethiopic (known as “1Enoch“) and Slavonic (“2 Enoch,” sometimes called The Book of the Secrets of Enoch).

“The Book of Enoch describes in detail not one but two celestial journeys…

“…The Bible states that Enoch “walked with the Elohim” well before he was taken aloft; the Book of Enoch enlarges on that pre-ascend period. It describes Enoch as a scribe with prophetic powers…

Mr. Sitchin describes Enoch’s ascents in several paragraphs, it is astounding, the encounter with other celestial beings, his visions and his realities, his return to Earth and his final ascent:

“The second and final ascent of Enoch to Heaven, the scribe of the Book of Enoch stated at the book’s conclusion, took place exactly on the day and hour he was born, at age 365. [Mr. Sitchin explains at length the significance of this number as well].

“Was this tale of Enoch’s heavenly ascent(s) the equivalent of, or inspired by, the Sumerian tale of Adapa?

“Certain details that are included in both tales point in that direction. Two angels, paralleling the gods Dumuzi and Gizzida in the Adapa legend, bring the Earthling “before the face of the Lord.” The visitor’s garments are changed from earthly ones to divine ones. He is anointed. And finally, he is given great knowledge that he writes down in “books.” In both instances, the visitor writes what is being dictated to him. These details appear within a framework that without doubt establishes the Sumerian origins of the Enoch “legend.”

“We have already pointed out that by ascribing Enoch’s Divine Encounters to the “Elohim,” the biblical narrative divulged its Sumerian source. [Numerology and Planet system are again explained in the book].

“…(It is noteworthy that in Jewish medieval mysticism known as the Kaballah, the abode of God the Almighty is in the tenth Sefira, a “brilliance” or heavenly place, a Tenth Heaven. The Sefirot (plural) were usually depicted as concentric circles, often superimposed on the figure of Kadmon (“The Ancient One”) the center of which is called Yesod (“Foundation”), the tenth Ketter (“Crown” of God the Most High). Beyond it stretches the Ein Soff – infinity, infinite space.)

“These are all definite links to the Sumerian sources. But whether it was the tale of Adapa that is reflected in the Enoch record is uncertain, for one can find more similarities between Enoch and a second pre-Diluvial Sumerian individual, EN.ME.DUR.ANNA (“Master of the Divine Tablets of the Heavenly Bond”), also known as EN.ME.DUR.AN.KI (“Master of the Divine Tablets of the Bond Heaven-Earth”).

“…Enmeduranki was taken by two divine chaperons heavenward, to be taught a variety of sciences. Whereas in the case of Adapa the possibility (mentioned above) that he was a seventh (sage) is not absolute (some Mesopotamian sources list him as the first of Eridu’s seven sages), the seventh position of Enmeduranki is certain; hence the scholarly opinion that it was he who was the Sumerian equivalent of the biblical Enoch. He came from Sippar, where in pre-Diluvial times the Spaceport of the Anunnaki was located, with Utu (“Shamash” in later times), a grandson of Enlil, as its commander.

“…The text detailing the ascent and training of Enmeduranki was pieced together from fragments of tablets, mostly from the royal library in Nineveh, then collated and published in an edited version by W.G. Lambert (“Enmeduranki and Related Material” in the Journal of Cuneiform Studies). The basic source is the record of pre-Diluvial events inscribed on clay tablets by a Babylonian king in support of his claim to the throne because he was a “distant scion of kingship, seed preserved from before the Flood, offspring of Enmeduranki who ruled in Sippar…:

Enmeduranki was a prince in sippar,
beloved of Anu, Enlil and Ea.
Shamash in the Bright Temple
appointed him as priest.
Shamash and Adad [took him]
to the assembly [of the gods].


“…Having been taught the “secrets of Heaven and Earth,” specifically including medicine and mathematics, Enmeduranki was returned to Sippar, with instructions to reveal to the populace his Divine Encounter and to make the knowledge available to Humankind by passing the secrets from one priestly generation to another, father to son…

“…According to this rendition of the heavenly ascent of Enmeduranki, his abode was in Sippar (the post-Diluvial “cult center” of Shamash), and it is there that he used the Divine Tablets to teach secret knowledge to his successor priests. This detail forges a link with the events of the Deluge, because according to Mesopotamian sources as also reported by Berossus… the tablets containing the knowledge revealed to Mankind by the Anunnaki before the Deluge were buried for safekeeping in Sippar.

“In fact, the two tales – of the Sumerian Enmeduranki and of the biblical Enoch – contain even stronger links than that one to the Deluge. For, as we shall examine the story-behind-the-story, we shall come upon a sequence of events whose principal motivation was Divine Sex and whose culmination was a deliberate plan to eradicate Mankind.

Continue to Chapter 4: The Nefilim: Sex and Demigods