Chapter 9: The Mother Called Eve

Regarding the biblical tale of Eve, it was the great Sumerologist Samuel N. Kramer who first pointed out that her name, which meant in Hebrew “She who has life,” and the tale from the origin from Adam’s rib in all probability stemmed from the Sumerian play on the word TI, which meant both “life” and “rib”.

The genetic manipulations, we have seen, were conducted by Enki and Ninti in a special facility called, in the Akkadian versions, Bit Shimti—”House where the wind of life is breathed in…”

The Akkadian term, as earlier stated, was a rendering of the Sumerian SHI.IM.TI… SHI stood for what the Bible called Nephesh, commonly translated “soul” but more accurately meaning “breath of life.” IM had several meanings, depending on the context. It meant “wind,” but it could also mean “side.” In astronomical texts it denoted a satellite that is “by the side” of its planet; in geometry it meant the side of a square or a triangle; and in anatomy it meant “rib.” To this day the parallel word Sela means both the side of a geometric shape and a person’s rib. And, lo and behold, IM also had a totally unrelated fourth meaning “clay.”

The term TI added to the Sumerian’s linguistic fun. It meant as previously mentioned, both “life” and “rib”—the latter being the parallel of the Akkadian silu, from which came the Hebrew Sela. Doubled, TI.TI meant “belly”—that which held the fetus; and, lo and behold, in Akkadian titu acquired the meaning “clay,” from which the Hebrew word Tit has survived. Thus, the component TI of the laboratory’s Sumerian name, SHI.IM.TI, we have the meanings “life”/”clay”/”belly”/”rib.”

And Yahweh Elohim caused a deep sleep
upon the Adam, and he slept.
And He took one of his ribs
and closed up the flesh in its place.
And Yahweh Elohim constructed of the rib
which He had taken form the Adam a woman,
and He brought her to the Adam.
And the Adam said,
“This is now bone of my bones,
flesh of my flesh…”


The Adam, having already been placed in the E.DIN to till and tend its orchards, was all alone. "And Yahweh Elohim said, it is no good that the Adam is by himself; let me make him a mate." This obviously is a continuation of the version whereby The Adam alone was created, and not part of the version whereby Mankind was created male and female right away.

First the male lulu, “mixed one” was perfected; then the fertilized eggs of Apewoman… were placed in a “mold,” where they acquired either male or female characteristics. Reimplanted in the womb of Birth Goddesses, the embryos produced seven males and seven females each time… To get more of them, the process had to be repeated over and over again.

A way had to be found to get more of these humans without imposing the pregnancies and deliveries on female Anunnaki. That way was a second genetic manipulation by Enki and Ninti, giving the Adam the ability to procreate on his own. To be able to have offspring, Adam had to mate with a fully compatible female. How and why she was brought into being is the story of the Rib and of the Garden of Eden.

The tale of the Rib reads almost like a two-sentence summary of a report in a medical journal. In no uncertain terms it describes a major operation of the kind that makes headlines nowadays, when a close relative for example… donates an organ for transplant…

The donor in the biblical case is Adam. He is given general anesthesia and is put to sleep. An incision is made and a rib is removed. The flesh is then pulled together to close up the wound, and Adam is allowed to rest and recover.

The Elohim now use the piece of bone to construct a woman; not to create a woman, but to “construct” one. The difference in terminology is significant; it indicates that the woman in question already existed but required some constructive manipulation to become a mate to Adam. What ever was needed was obtained from the rib, and the clue to what the rib supplied lies in the other meanings of IM and TI—life, belly, clay. Was an extract of Adam’s bone marrow implanted in that of a female Primitive Worker’s “clay” through her belly?

Regrettably, the Bible does not describe what was done to the female (named Eve by Adam) and the Sumerian texts that have dealt with this have not been found so far…

But we do know nowadays, thanks to modern science, that sexuality and the ability to procreate lie in human chromosomes…

Since both female and male Primitive Workers already existed, their sterility was not due to the lack of X or Y chromosomes. The need for a bone—the Bible stresses that Eve was “bone of the bones” of Adam—suggests that there was a need to overcome some immunological rejection by the female Primitive Worker’s of the males’ sperms. The operation carried out by the Elohim overcame this problem. Adam and Eve discovered their sexuality, having acquired “knowing”—a biblical term that connoted sex for the purpose of procreation…

With that, “The Adam” Elohim said, “has become as one of us.” He was granted “Knowing.” Homo sapiens was able to procreate and multiply on his own. But though he was given a good measure of the genetic makeup of the Anunnaki, who made Man in their image and their likeness even in this respect of procreation, one genetic trait was not transmitted. That was the longevity of the Anunnaki…

The ancient texts make clear that this longevity was not passed on to Man, but intelligence was. This implies a belief or knowledge, in antiquity, that the two traits, intelligence and longevity, could somehow be bestowed upon or denied to Man by those who had genetically created him. Not surprisingly, perhaps, modern science agrees. “Evidence amassed over the past 60 years suggests that there is a genetic component to intelligence,” Scientific American reported in its March 1989 issue…

Evidence has also been mounting for the genetic source of the life cycles of living organisms… Every species clearly has a life span fixed by its genes—a single day for the mayfly, about six years for a frog, a limit of about fifteen years for a dog. Nowadays the human limit lies somewhere not much beyond one hundred years but in earlier times human life spans were much longer.

While it is believed the genetic errors that accumulate as DNA keeps reproducing itself in the cells contribute to the aging process, scientific evidence indicate the existence of a biological “clock” in all creatures, a basic, built-in genetic trait that controls the life span of each species. What the gene or group of genes is, what makes it tick, what triggers it to “express” itself, are still matters of intense research… Viruses, show that they possess fragments of DNA that can literally “immortalize” them.

Enki must have known all that, so that when it came to perfecting The Adam—creating a true, procreating Homo sapiens—he gave Adam intelligence and “Knowing,” but not the full longevity that the Anunnaki genes possessed.

The evidence that corroborates the ancient tales of creation, massive as it has been so far, does not end with genetic manipulation. There is more to come, and it is all above Eve!

By now the question “Where did we come from?” had been clearly answered: Mankind arose in southeastern Africa.

The story of Man, we now know, did not begin with Man; the “chapter” that tells of the group of mammals called “Primates” takes us back some forty-five or fifty million years, when a common ancestor of monkeys, apes, and Man appeared in Africa. Twenty-five or thirty million years later, that is how slowly the wheels of evolution turn—a precursor of the Great Apes branched off the primate line. In the 1920s fossils of this early ape, “Proconsul” were found by chance on an island in Lake Victoria, and the find eventually attracted to the area the best known husband-wife team of paleontologists, Louis S. B. and Mary Leaky. Besides Proconsul fossils they also discovered in the area remains of Ramapithecus, the first erect ape or manlike primate; it was some fourteen million years old—some eight or ten million years up the evolutionary tree from Proconsul.

They unlocked the door to nature’s secret laboratory, the hide away where Mother Nature keeps forging ahead with the evolutionary march that has led from mammal to primate to great apes to hominids. The place was the rift valley that slashes through Ethiopia, Kenya, and Tanzania—part of the rift system that begins in Jordan Valley and the Dead Sea in Israel, includes the Red Sea, and runs all the way to southern Africa.

Hominid Fossils at Leakey's Museum; Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania.

Hominid Fossils at Leakey’s Museum; Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania.

Putting aside the problems raised by pride of discovery (among several other explorers), different interpretations of finds, and a propensity for splitting species and genuses into smaller subdivisions, it is safe to state that the branch leading to humans separated from that of four-legged apes some fourteen million years ago and that it took another nine million years or so until the first apes with hominid aspects, called Australopithecus, showed up—all where nature had chosen its “man-making” laboratory to be.

Among the outstanding road markers have been such findings as skeletal parts of a female nicknamed “Lucy” believed to have been an advanced Australopithecus who lived some 3.5 million years ago; a fossil known by its catalog number as “Skull 1470” of a male from perhaps 2 million years ago and considered by its finders to be a “near man,” or Homo habilis (“Handy Man”)…; and skeletal remains of a “strapping young male” cataloged WT.15000 of a Homo erectus from about 1.5 million years ago, probably the first true hominid. He ushered in the Old Stone Age; he began to use stones as tools, and migrated via the Sinai peninsula, which acts as a land bridge between Africa and Asia on the one hand and to southern Europe on the other.

The trail of the Homo genus is lost after that, the chapter between about 1.5 million years to about 300,000 years ago is missing, except for traces of Homo erectus on the peripheries of this hominid’s migrations. Then, about 300,000 years ago, without any evidence of gradual change, Homo sapiens made his appearance. At first it was believed that Homo sapiens neanderthalis, Neanderthal man…, who came into prominence in Europe and parts of Asia about 125,000 years ago, was the ancestor of the Cro-Magnons, Homo sapiens sapiens, who took over the lands about 35,000 years ago… Related but not the offspring of each other, the two lines of Homo sapiens lived side by side as far back as 90,000 or even 100,000 years ago.

The evidence was found in two caves, [around 1930] one in Mount Carmel and the other [at Qafzeh] near Nazareth, in Israel… (The cave near Nazareth was re-excavated in the 1960s) Themselves incredulous, the scientists at Hebrew University in Jerusalem turned for verification to the remains of rodents found in the same layers (The age of the rodent remains coincided with the date of the Hominids remains).

Devoting an editorial in Nature to the findings, Christopher Stringer of the British Museum acknowledged that the conventional view that Neanderthal preceded Cro-Magnons had to be discarded… “Wherever the original “Eden” for modern humans might have been,” the editorial stated, it now appeared that for some reasons Neanderthals were the first to migrate northward, about 125,000 years ago… A northward migration by these first Homo sapiens from an African birthplace was confirmed by the discovery (by Fred Wendorf of Southern Methodist University, Dallas) of a Neanderthal skull near the Nile in Egypt that was 80,000 years old.

“Does it all mean an earlier dawn for humans?” a Science headline asked… it became clear the answer was yes. The Neanderthals, they were not the primitive brutes that earlier notions had made them out to be. They buried their dead in rituals that indicated religious practices and “at least one type of spiritually motivated behaviour that allies them with modern humans” (Jared M. Diamond of the University of California Medical School at Los Angeles)… Ralph S. Solecki of Columbia University, [and others] believe that the Neanderthals knew how to use herbs for healing—60,000 years ago… Neanderthals could speak: “Fossil brain casts show a well-developed language area,” stated Dean Falk of the State University of New York at Albany…

All these discoveries have left no doubt that Neanderthal man was without doubt a Homo sapiens—not an ancestor of Cro-Magnon man but an earlier type from the same human stock.

In March 1987 Christopher Stringer of the British Museum, along with a colleague, Paul Mellars, organized a conference at Cambridge University to update and digest the new findings concerning “The Origins and Dispersal of Modern Man…” They concluded that after a hiatus of 1.2 to 1.5 million years by Homo erectus, Homo sapiens made a sudden appearance soon after 300,000 years ago (as evidence by fossil remains in Ethiopia, Kenya, and South Africa)…

The conference also examined other lines of evidence, including the brand-new data provided by the field of biochemistry. Most exciting were the findings based on genetics. The ability of geneticists to trace parentage through comparisons of DNA “sentences” has been proven in paternity lawsuits…

Because a person’s DNA keeps getting mixed by the genes of the generational fathers, comparisons of the DNA in the nucleus of the cell (which come half from mother, half from father) do not work well after several generations. It was discovered, however, that in addition to the DNA in the cell’s nucleus, some DNA exists in the mother’s cell but outside the nucleus in bodies called “mitochondria.” This DNA does not get mixed with the father’s DNA; instead, it is passed on “unadulterated” from mother to daughter to granddaughter, and so on through the generations… The surprising conclusion, which he announced at a scientific conference in July1986 was that the mtDNA in all of them [800 women had been compared] appeared to be so similar that these women must have all descended from a single female ancestor. It was concluded, after checking 21 women from different parts of the globe, that they owed their origin to “a single mitochondrial Eve” who had lived in Africa between 300,000 and 180,000 years ago.

Mr. Sitchin continues:

These intriguing findings were taken up by others, who set out to search for “Eve.” Prominent among them was Rebecca Cann…

Placentas of 147 women from all races showed also a common female ancestor who had lived between 300,000 and 150,000 years ago. And then:

The upper limit of 300,000 years, paleoanthropologists noted, coincided with the fossil evidence for the time Homo sapiens made his appearance. What could have happened 300,000 years ago to bring this change about?” Cann and Allan Wilson asked, but they had no answer.

All these very recent discoveries (even more in the book) go a long way indeed in confirming the biblical claim regarding the first couple of Homo sapiens… Several conclusions are offered by the Sumerian data. First, the creation of the Lulu was the result of the mutiny of the Anunnaki about 300,000 years ago. This date as the upper limit for the first appearance of Homo sapiens has been corroborated by modern science. Second, the forming of the Lulu had taken place “above the Abzu,” north of the mining area. This is corroborated by the location of the earliest human remains in Tanzania, Kenya, and Ethiopia—north of the gold-mining areas of southern Africa. Third, the full emergence of the first type of Homo sapiens, the Neanderthals—about 230,000 years ago—falls well within the 250,000 years suggested by the mtDNA findings for the data of “Eve,” followed later by the emergence of Homo sapiens sapiens, “modern Man.”

There is no contradiction at all between these later dates and the 300,000-year date of the mutiny…

Clearly, the tracing of mtDNA accounts for the “Eve” who could bear children, not a female Lulu unable to procreate. The granting to mankind of this ability, it was shown earlier, took place as a result of a second genetic manipulation by Enki and Ninti which, in the Bible, is reflected in the story of Adam, Eve, and the Serpent in the Garden of Eden…

What seems certain is that the Bible does recognize the final emergence of Homo sapiens sapiens, modern human beings… It was in the time of Enosh (son of the third son of Adam and Eve, Seth), the Bible states that “men began to call the name of Yahweh. It was then, in other words, that fully civilized Man and religious worship were established.

With that, all the aspects of the ancient tale stand corroborated.

Continue to Chapter 10: When Wisdom Was Lowered from Heaven