Of all the mysteries confronting Mankind’s quest for knowledge, the greatest is the mystery called “life.”
Evolution theory explains how life on Earth evolved, all the way from the earliest, one-celled creatures to Homo sapiens; it does not explain how life on Earth began. Beyond the question Are we alone? lies the most fundamental question: is life on Earth unique, unmatched in our solar System, our galaxy, the whole universe?
According to the Sumerians, life was brought into the Solar System by Nibiru; it was Nibiru that imparted the “seed of life” to Earth during the Celestial Battle with Tiamat. Modern science has come a long way toward the same conclusion.
By and large the scientists now believe that Earth’s atmosphere was reconstituted initially from the gases spewed out by the volcanic convulsion of a wounded Earth. As clouds thrown up by these eruptions shielded the Earth and it began to cool, the vaporized water condensed and came down in torrential rains. Oxidation and rocks and minerals provided the first reservoir of higher levels of oxygen on Earth; eventually, plant life added both oxygen and carbon dioxide (CO2) to the atmosphere and started the nitrogen cycle (with the aid of bacteria).
It is noteworthy that even in this respect the ancient texts stand up to the scrutiny of modern science. The fifth tablet of Enuma elish, though badly damaged, describes the gushing lava as Tiamat’s “spittle” and places the volcanic activity earlier than the formation of the atmosphere, the oceans, and the continents. The spittle, the text states, was “laying in layers” as it poured forth. The phase of “making the cold” and the “assembly of the water clouds” are described; after that the “foundations” of Earth were raised and the oceans were gathered—just as the verses in Genesis have reiterated. It was only thereafter that life on Earth appeared: green herbage upon the continents and “swarms” in the waters.
But it was one thing to show that nature itself could, under certain conditions, come up with life’s building blocks—not just simple but even complex organic compounds; it was another thing to breathe life into the resulting compounds, which remained inert and lifeless in the compression chambers. “Life” is defined as the ability to absorb nutrients (of any kind) and to replicate, not just to exist. Even the biblical tale of Creation recognizes that when the most complex being on Earth, Man, was shaped out of “clay,” divine intervention was needed to breathe the spirit/breath of life” into him. Without that, no matter how ingeniously created, he was not yet animate, not yet living.
…The need to involve the genetic code in the transition from inanimate organic matter to an animate state has led to a “Made-of-Clay” hypothesis …but in fact the idea that clay in the shores of ancient seas played an important role in the origin of life on Earth was made public at the October 1977 Pacific Conference on Chemistry…
In 1985 the scientists of the Ames Research Center reported substantial advances in understanding the role of clay in the processes that had led to life on Earth. Clay, they discovered, has two basic properties essential to life: the capacity to store and the ability to transfer energy…
The improved theory seemed to do another thing, which did not escape notice… “The theory,” (The New York Times wrote) “is also evocative of the biblical account of the Creation. In Genesis it is written, ’And the Lord God formed man of dust of the ground,’ and in common usage the primordial dust is called clay.”
It is important to follow the scientific theories of the ensuing evolution of life on Earth in order to grasp the accuracy of the biblical record. For more complex life forms to evolve, oxygen was needed. This oxygen became available only after algae or proto-algae began to spread upon the dry land…
The Bible, indeed, says as much: Green herbage, it states, was created on Day Three, but maritime life not until Day Five…
…To make the eventual appearance of vertebrate (inner-skeleton) “creatures” possible, Earth had to set the pattern of the biological clocks that underlie the life cycles of all living forms on Earth. The Earth had to settle into its orbital and rotational patterns and be subjected to the effects of the Sun and the Moon, which were primarily manifested in the cycles of light and darkness. The book of Genesis assigns the fourth “day” to this organization and to the resulting year, month, day, and night repetitious periods.
Modern science not only agrees with this biblical scenario but may also provide a clue to the reason the ancient authors of the scientific summary called Genesis inserted a celestial “chapter” (“day four”) between the evolutionary record of “day three”—time of the earliest appearance of life forms—and “day five,” when the “creatures” appeared.
…The first maritime vertebrates appeared about 500 million years ago, and land vertebrates followed about 100 million years later, during periods that are regarded by scientists as the transition from the Lower Paleozoic era to the Upper Paleozoic era. When that era ended, about 225 millions years ago, there were fish in the waters as well as sea plants, and amphibians had made the transition from water to dry land and the plants upon the dry lands attracted the amphibians to evolve into reptiles; today’s crocodiles are a remnant of the evolutionary phase.
The following era, named the Mesozoic (“Middle Life”), embraces the period from about 225 million to 65 million years ago and has often been nicknamed the “Age of the Dinosaurs.” Alongside a variety of amphibians and marine lizards there evolved, away from the oceans and their teeming marine life, two main lines of egg-laying reptilians: those who took to flying and evolved into birds; and those who, in great variety, roamed and dominated the Earth as dinosaurs (“terrible lizards”).
It is impossible to read the biblical verses with an open mind without realizing that the creational events of the fifth “day” of Genesis describe the above-listed developments:
And Elohim said:
“Let the waters swarm with living creatures,
and let aves fly above the earth, under the dome of the sky.”
And Elohim created the large reptilians,
and all the living creatures that crawl
and that swarm in the waters,
all in accordance with their kinds,
and all the winged aves by their kinds.
And Elohim blessed them, saying:
“Be fruitful and multiply and fill the waters of the seas,
and let the aves multiply upon the earth.”
(note: “aves” refer to birds. Most versions of the Bible including the KJ use the term "winged creatures" in place of "aves".)
The tantalizing reference in these verses of Genesis to the “large reptilians” as a recognition of the dinosaurs cannot be dismissed. The Hebrew term used here, Taninim (plural of Tanin) has been variously translated as “sea serpent,” “sea monsters,” and “crocodile…” The conclusion that by “large Taninim” the Bible meant not simply large reptilians but dinosaurs seems plausible—not because the Sumerians had seen dinosaurs, but because the Anunnaki scientists had surely figured out the course of evolution on Earth at least as well as twentieth-century scientists have done.
No less intriguing is the order in which the ancient text lists the three branches of vertebrates. For a long time scientists held that birds evolved from dinosaurs… The discovery of fossilized remains of a creature now called Archaeopteryx (“old feather”) was deemed to have provided the “missing link” between dinosaurs and birds and gave rise to the theory that the two—dinosaurs and birds—had an early common land ancestor at the beginning of the Triassic period. But even this antedating of the appearance of birds has come into question since additional fossils of Archaeopteryx were discovered in Germany; they indicate that this creature was by and large a fully developed bird that had not evolved from the dinosaur but rather directly from a much earlier ancestor who had come from the seas.
The biblical sources appear to have known all that. Not only does the Bible not list the dinosaurs ahead of birds (as scientists did for awhile); it actually lists birds ahead of dinosaurs. With so much of the fossil record still incomplete, paleontologists may still find evidence that will indeed show that early birds had more in common with sea life than with desert lizards.
About 65 million years ago the age of the dinosaurs came to an abrupt end… In the words of Genesis, it was the dawn of the sixth “day.” Modern science calls it the Cenozoic (“current life”) era when mammals spread across the Earth
That is exactly what the Sumerians had taught in their schools. As we read in the Bible, it was only after all the “days” of creation had run their course, after “all the fishes of the sea and all the fowl that fly the skies and all the animals that fill the earth and all the creeping things that crawl upon the earth” that “Elohim created the Adam.”
On the sixth “day” of creation, God’s work on Earth was done.
“This,” the Book of Genesis states, “is the way the Heaven and the Earth have come to be.”
…But how did chemical compounds became animated?
That the feat is possible is obvious; the evidence is that life did appear on Earth. The speculation that life, in one form or another, may also exist elsewhere in our Solar System, and probably in other star systems, presupposes the feasibility of the transition from inanimate to animate matter. So, the question is not can it happen but how did it happen here on Earth.
Mr. Sitchin continues by explaining the necessity of the two basic molecules: proteins and nucleic acids, which function within a cell, with the ability of replicating itself. He explains DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) with its instruction stored and transmitted by RNA (ribonucleic acid)…
How much time did evolution take on Earth to develop these complex compounds, without which life as we know it would have never evolved?
Fossil remains of algae… microscopic, single-celled organisms were found in 1977 in South Africa, dated to 3.1 to 3.4 billion years ago; other discoveries in 1980 in western Australia… fossil remains of organisms that not only were much older—3.5 billion years—but that were multicelled and looked under the microscope like chain-like filaments. These organisms already possessed both amino acids and complex nucleic acids, the replicating genetic compounds, 3.5 billion years ago; they therefore had to represent, not the beginning of the chain of life on Earth, but an already advanced stage of it.
What this finds had set in motion can be termed the search for the first gene. Increasingly, scientists believe that before algae there were bacteria…
That bacteria have played a role in the evolutionary process is apparent, not only from the fact that so many marine, plant and animal higher organisms depend on bacteria for many vital processes, but also from discoveries, first in the Pacific Ocean, and then in other seas, that bacteria did and and still make possible life forms that do not depend on photosynthesis but metabolize sulfur compounds in the ocean’s depths…
In more recent studies (Nature, November 9, 1989), an august team of scientists led by Norman H. Sleep of Stanford University concluded that the “window of time” when life on Earth began was just 200 million years between 4 and 3.8 billion years ago. “Everything alive today,” they stated, “evolved from organisms that originated within that “Window of Time.” They did not attempt, however, to establish how life originated at such a time.
Based on varied evidence, including the very reliable isotopic ratios of carbon, scientists have concluded that no matter how life on Earth began, it did so about 4 billion years ago. Why then only and not sooner, when the planets were formed some 4.6 billion years ago? All scientific research, conducted on Earth as well on the Moon, keeps bumping against the 4-billion-year date, and all that modern science can offer in explanation is some “catastrophic event.” To know more, read the Sumerian texts…
…Viruses, which are pieces of nucleic acids looking for cells in which to replicate, are prevalent not only on land but also in water, and that has made some believe that viruses may have preceded bacteria. But what gave them their nucleic acid?
…Leslie Orgel of the Salk Institute in La Jolla, California… proposed that the simpler RNA might have preceded the much more complex DNA. Although RNA only transmits the genetic messages contained in the DNA blueprint, other researchers… and co-workers at the University of Colorado… and Yale University concluded that a certain type of RNA could catalyze itself under certain conditions. All this led to computerized studies of a type of RNA called transfer-RNA undertaken by Manfred Eigen, a Nobel-prize winner… by sequencing transfer-RNA backwards on the Tree of Life, they found that the genetic code on Earth cannot be older than 3.8 billion years, plus or minus 600 million years. At that time, Manfred Eigen said, a primordial gene might have appeared “whose message was the biblical injunction ’Go out into the world, be fruitful and multiply’.” If the leeway, as it appears, had to be on the plus side—i.e., older than 3.8 billion years—”this would be possible only in the case of extraterrestrial origin,” the authors of the learned paper added.
In her summation of the fourth Conference on the Origin of Life, Lynn Margulis had predicted his astounding conclusion. “We now recognize that if the origin of our self-replicating system occurred on the early Earth, it must have occurred quite quickly—millions, not billions of years,” she stated. And she added: The central problem inspiring these conferences, perhaps slightly better defined, is as unsolved as ever. Did our organic matter originate in interstellar space? The infant science of radioastronomy has produced evidence that some of the smaller organic molecules are there.
In spite of the scientific credentials of Crick and Orgel , [Nobel laureate], their theory of Directed Panspermia… [seeding of Earth with the first organisms or spores from an extraterrestrial source—not however, by chance but as “the deliberate activity of an extraterrestrial society”]; met with disbelief and even ridicule. However, more recent scientific advances changed these attitudes… The change in opinion was also due to the discovery that for the myriad of amino acids that exist, it is only the same twenty or so that are part of all living organisms on Earth, no matter what these organisms are and when they evolved, and that the same DNA, made up of the same nucleotides—that and no other—is present in all living things on Earth.
The consensus of the participants at the eighth Conference on the Origins of Life, at Berkeley, California, was that “all life on Earth, from bacteria to sequoia trees to humans, evolved from a single ancestral cell.”
But where did this single ancestral cell come from?
…The data indicating life-related elements and compounds in outer space are so voluminous… water molecules outside our own galaxy… array of molecules, including the beginning of organic chemistry in interstellar space… complex molecules composed of the same atoms that make up living tissue… reasonable to assume that these compounds were deposited on Earth at the time of its forming and that life ultimately came from them. In 1987, to give one more instance, NASA instruments discovered that exploding stars (supernovas) produced most of the ninety-odd elements, including carbon, that are contained in living organisms on Earth.
…Invariable, the celestial emissaries under consideration are comets, meteors, meteorites, and impacting asteroids.
…An extrasolar origin for the life that eventually evolved on Earth has thus become a more acceptable proposition. The argument between the Hoyle-Wick-ramasinghe team and others has by now shifted its focus to whether the two are right in suggesting that “spores”—actual microorganisms—rather than the antecedent life-forming compounds were delivered to Earth by the cometary/meteoritic impacts.
Could “spores” survive in the radiation and cold of outer space? Skepticism regarding this possibility was greatly dispelled by experiments… Panspermia, they concluded, was possible. How about directed panspermia, the deliberate seeding of Earth by another civilization, as suggested earlier by Crick and Orgel?
After more theories, and positive articles from The New York Times, Mr. Sitchin continues:
In a detailed report… in The New York Times (September 6, 1988), Sandra Blakeslee summed the latest scientific thinking thus: "Driving the new search for clues to life’s beginnings is the recent discovery that comets, meteors and interstellar dust carry vast amounts of organic chemicals as well as the elements crucial to living cells. Scientists believe that Earth and other planets have been seeded from space with these potential building blocks of life."
“Seeded from space”—the very words written down millennia ago by the Sumerians!
After a detour of 6,000 years, modern science has come back to the Sumerian scenario of an invader from outer space that brings the seed of life into the solar System and imparts it to “Gaia” during the Celestial Battle.
The Anunnaki, capable of space travel about half a million years before us, discovered this phenomenon long before us; in this respect, modern science is just catching up with ancient knowledge.