Chapter 2: It Came from Outer Space

“It was Voyager [project] that focused our attention on the importance of collisions,” acknowledged Edward Stone of the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), the chief scientist of the Voyager program. “The cosmic crashes were potent sculptors of the Solar System.”

“The Sumerians made clear, 6,000 years earlier, the very same fact. Central to their cosmogony, worldview, and religion was a cataclysmic event that they called the Celestial Battle.

“Even more important, whenever these modern scientists have come upon a satisfactory answer—it fits and corroborates the Sumerian one!

“The realization that there had to be one or more major collisions that changed the Solar System from its initial form became inescapable after the Uranus flyby in 1986, as Dr. Stone has admitted. That Uranus was tilted to its side was already known from telescopic and other instrumental observations even before the Voyager encounter. But was it formed that way from the very beginning, or did some external force—a forceful collision or encounter with another major celestial body—bring about the tilting?

“The answer had to be provided by the close-up examination of the moons of Uranus by Voyager 2. The fact that these moons swirl around the equator of Uranus in its tilted position… made scientists wonder whether these moons were there at the time of the tilting event, or whether they formed after the event, perhaps from matter thrown out by the force of the collision that tilted Uranus.

“These findings by Voyager 2 were not the only clues suggesting that the moons of Uranus were not formed at the same time as the planet itself but rather some time later, in unusual circumstances. Another discovery that puzzled the scientists was that the rings of Uranus were pitch-black, “blacker than coal dust,” presumably composed of “carbon-rich material, a sort of primordial tar scavenged from outer space” (the emphasis is Mr. Sitchin’s). These dark rings, warped, tilted and “bizarrely elliptical,” were quite unlike the symmetrical bracelets of icy particles circling Saturn. Pitch-black also were six of the moonlets discovered at Uranus, some acting as “shepherds” for the rings. The obvious conclusion was that the rings and moonlets were formed from the debris of a “violent event in Uranus’s past… “A likely possibility is that an interloper from outside the Uranus system came in and struck a once larger moon sufficiently hard to have fractured it.”

“In simpler words, it means that in all probability the moons in question were created as a result of the collision that knocked Uranus on its side. In press conferences the NASA scientists were more audacious. “A collision with something the size of Earth, travelling at about 40,000 miles per hour, could have done it,” they said, speculating that it probably happened about four billion years ago.

“Astronomer Garry Hunt of the Imperial College, London, summed it up in seven words: “Uranus took an almighty bang early on.”

“But neither in the verbal briefings nor in the long written reports was an attempt made to suggest what the “something” was, where it had come from, and how it happened to collide with, or bang into Uranus.

“For those answers, we will have to go back to the Sumerians…

“Before we turn from knowledge acquired in the late 1970s and 1980s to what was known 6,000 earlier, one more aspect of the puzzle should be looked into: Are the oddities at Neptune the result of collisions, or “bangs,” unrelated to those of Uranus—or were they all the result of one catastrophic event that affected all the outer planets?

“Before the Voyager 2 flyby of Neptune, the planet was known to have only two satellites, Nereid and Triton. Nereid was found to have a peculiar orbit: it was unusually tilted compared with the planet’s equatorial plane (as much as 28 degrees) and was very eccentric—orbiting the planet not in a near-circular path but in a very elongated one, which takes the moon as far as six million miles from Neptune and as close as one million miles to the planet. Nereid, although of a size that by planetary-formation rules should be spherical, has an odd shape like that of a twisted doughnut. It also is bright on one side and pitch-black on the other.

“The dark material that shows up on one side of Nereid could be explained in one of two ways—but both require a collision in the scenario. Either an impact on one side of the satellite swept off an existing darker layer there, uncovering lighter material below the surface, or the dark matter belonged to the impacting body and “went splat on one side of Nereid.” That the latter possibility is the more plausible is suggested by the discovery, announced by the JPL team on August 29, 1989, that all the new satellites (six more) found by Voyager 2 at Neptune “are very dark” and “all have irregular shapes,”…

“The theories regarding Triton and its elongated and retrograde (clockwise) orbit around Neptune also call for a collision event.

“The data collected by Voyager 2 from the actual flyby of Triton supported this theoretical conclusion. It also was in accord with other studies (as by David Stevenson of Caltech) that showed that Triton’s internal heat and surface features could be explained only in terms of a collision in which Triton was captured into orbit around Neptune.

“Where did these impacting bodies come from?” rhetorically asked Gene Shoemaker, one of NASA’s scientists, on the NOVA television program. But the question was left without an answer.

“The Sumerian texts speak of a single but comprehensive event. Their texts explain more than what modern astronomers have been trying to explain regarding the outer planets. The ancient texts also explain matters closer to home, such as the origin of the Earth and its Moon, of the Asteroid Belt and the comets. The text then go on to relate a tale that combines the credo of Creationists with the theory of Evolution, a tale that offers a more successful explanation than either modern conception of what happened on Earth and how Man and his civilization came about.

For the rest of this chapter Mr. Sitchin presents the Celestial Battle in a very rich description, with charts and graphics, with which if you are not familiar, then you may view on these pages by going to The 12th Planet.

Mr. Sitchin then ends:

“Modern astronomy and recent discoveries uphold and corroborate this millennia-old tale.

Continue to Chapter 3: In the Beginning