Chapter 13: In Secret Anticipation

Are we unique? Are we alone?

Scientific advances since 1976, reviewed in previous chapters, have gone a long way in corroborating ancient knowledge. But what about the two pillars of that knowledge and that ancient answer to the central questions?… one more planet in our Solar System… other intelligent beings outside Earth…

That a search has been going on, both for another planet and for other beings, is a matter of record. That it has intensified in recent years can be gleaned from publicly available documents. But now it is also evident that when the mists of leaks, rumors, and denials are pierced, if not the public, then the world’s leaders have been aware for some time first, that there is one more planet in our Solar System and second, that we are not alone.



Suddenly, all that had divided and preoccupied the world powers for decades seems not to matter anymore. Tanks, aircraft, armies are withdrawn and disbanded. One regional conflict after another is unexpectedly settled. The Berlin War… is gone. The Iron Curtain… is being disbanded. The head of the atheistic communist empire visits the Pope—with a medieval painting of a UFO as the centerpiece of the room’s decoration… President George Bush… (1989) has become an ardent partner of his Soviet counterpart Mikhail Gorbachev, in clearing the desks of the old agendas; but clearing them for what?

The Soviet president, agreed to unprecedented troop withdrawals and reductions a week after the same U.S. president, amidst reductions in the American military spending, asked the Congress to increase funds for SDI/ (Strategic Defense Initiative) Star Wars… And before the month was out, the two superpowers and their two major wartime allies, Great Britain and France, have agreed to let German unification proceed. For forty-five years the vow never to see a unified, resurgent Germany again was a basic tenet of European stability; now, suddenly, that seemed to matter no more.

As one looks for answers, the clues point in one direction: Space. Surely, the turmoil in Eastern Europe has long been building up. Certainly, economic failures have necessitated long-overdue reforms… Since about the middle of 1989 all that had been vigorously defended and brutally suppressed no longer seemed important…

Was it only a coincidence that the Phobos 2 incident in March 1989 was conceded in June to have been the result of spinning caused by an impact? Or that it was in that same June that Western audiences were shown the enigmatic television pictures from Phobos 2 (minus the last frame or frames) revealing the heat-emitting pattern on the surface of Mars and the “thin, elliptical shadow” for which there was no explanation? Was it a mere coincidence in timing that the hurried change of U.S. policy occurred after the Voyager 2‘s flyby of Neptune, in August 1989, which relayed back pictures of mysterious “double tracks” on Neptune’s moon Triton tracks as enigmatic as those photographed on Mars in previous years and on Phobos in March 1989?



Was it mere coincidence that within days of the Phobos 2 incident the White House took unexpected steps… with Space programs… In June 1989 the NSC (National Space Council) instructed NASA to accelerate the Space Station preparations… In July 1989 the Vice President (Dan Quayle) briefed Congress and the space industry on the specific proposals for the manned missions to the Moon and to Mars. It was made clear that of five options, that of “developing a lunar base as a stepping-stone to Mars is receiving the greatest attention.” A week later it was disclosed that instruments lofted by a military rocket successfully fired a “neutral-particle beam”—a “death ray”—in space as part of the SDI space-defense program.

Even an outside observer could sense that the White House, the President himself, was now in charge of the direction of the space program, its links with SDI, and their accelerated timetable. And so it was that immediately after his hurried summit meeting with the Soviet leader in Malta, President Bush submitted to Congress his next annual budget, with its increase of billions of dollars for “Star Wars.”… Evidently the soviet leader knew what SDI is all about: President Bush, in their joint press conference, acknowledge that SDI was discussed, both “defensive” and “offensive”- “rockets as well as people … a wide discussion.”

When the Challenger shuttle was accidentally destroyed in January 1986, all space work was put on hold. But in July 1989, just a few months after the Phobos 2 loss, the United States, rather than pull in its horns, reiterated a determination to go to Mars. There must have been a compelling reason… .

Concurrently with these developments, NASA has been expanding its network of space telescopes… has equipped some of the shuttles with sky-scanning devices… SETI was re-activated by Senator John Garn of Utah, a former shuttle astronaut who became convinced of the existence of extraterrestrial beings…

Commenting on these developments, a spokesman for the Federation of American Scientists in Washington said, “The future is starting to arrive.” And The New York Times of February 6, 1990, headlined the report of the invigorated SETI programs “HUNT FOR ALIENS IN SPACE: THE NEXT GENERATION.” A small but symbolic change, no longer a search for an extraterrestrial “intelligence”, but for Aliens. A search in secret anticipation.

When President Reagan, in a televised address in March 1983, surprised the American people, the world’s nations (and, it later became known, most top officials of his own administration) with his Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)—the concept of a protective shield in space against missiles and spaceships—it was natural to assume that its sole purpose was to attain military superiority over the Soviet Union. That was the Soviet reaction, and it was vehement. When Mikhail Gorbachev followed Konstantin Chernenko as Soviet leader in 1985, he adhered to the position that any improvement in East-West relations depended first and foremost on the abandonment of SDI. But, as it now seems clear, before the year was out, a new mood began to take hold as the true reasons for SDI were communicated to the Soviet leader. Antagonism was replaced by an attitude of “Let’s Talk”; and the talk was to be about cooperation in space and, more specifically, about going together to Mars.

The marked change was even more puzzling, since in 1983 and 1984 the Soviet Union appeared to be moving far ahead of the United States in space achievements… Comparing the two national programs, a U.S. Congressional study reported, at the end of 1983, that they were like an American tortoise and a Soviet hare. Still, by the end of 1984, the first sign of renewed cooperation was given when a U.S. device was included in the Soviet Vega spacecraft that was launched to encounter Halley’s comet.

There were other manifestations, semi-official and official of the new spirit of cooperation in space, despite SDI…

In July 1985 scientists, space officials, and astronauts for the United States and the Soviet Union met in Washington, ostensibly to commemorate the Apollo-Soyuz linkup of 1975. In reality, it was a seminar held to discuss a joint mission to Mars…

Was there perhaps also some other cause, some significant occurrence that suddenly made a major difference, that changed the agenda, that called for new priorities—but necessitated the revival of a World War II alliance? But if so, who was now the common enemy? Against whom were the United States and the USSR aligning their space programs? And why the priority, given by both nations, to going to Mars?

How could he explain this U-turn, Reagan was asked. His answer was that what made a common cause was space. More specifically, a danger from space to all nations on Earth.

What we know from the public record is that on February 16, 1987, in a major address to an international “Survival of Humanity” forum at the Grand Kremlin Palace in Moscow, Gorbachev recalled his discussion with President Reagan in words almost identical to those the American President had used… After pointing to the risks of nuclear weapons and the common interests of “human civilization,” he went on to say, “At our meeting in Geneva, the U.S. President said that if the earth faced an invasion by extraterrestrials, the United States and the Soviet Union would join forces to repel such an invasion."

I shall not dispute the hypothesis, though I think it’s early yet to worry about such an intrusion.

Amid the gloom of the Challenger disaster, all the space programs were suspended except those pertaining to Mars. To remain on the road to the Moon and Mars, NASA appointed a study group under the chairmanship of astronaut Dr. Sally K. Ride to reevaluate the plans and their feasibility. The panel strongly recommended the development of celestial ferryboats and transfer ships to carry astronauts and cargos for “human settlement beyond Earth orbit, from the highlands of the Moon to the plains of Mars.” Not everyone in the United States was for it…

Overriding objections, the United States and the USSR signed, in 1987, a new agreement for cooperation in space…

In the United States oppositions to sharing space secrets with the Soviet Union nevertheless continued, and some experts viewed the repeated Soviet invitations to the United States to join in their missions to Mars simply as attempts to gain access to Western technology. Prompted, no doubt, by such objections, President Reagan once again spoke up publicly of the extraterrestrial threat. The occasion was his address to the General Assembly of the United Nations on September 21, 1987. Speaking of the need to turn swords into plowshares, he said: “In our obsession with antagonisms of the moment we often forget how much unites all the members of humanity. Perhaps we need some outside, universal threat to recognize this common bond. I occasionally think how quickly our differences would vanish if we were facing an alien threat from outside this world.”

As reported at the time in The New Republic by its senior editor Fred Barnes, President Reagan, during a White House luncheon on September 5, sought confirmation from the Soviet foreign minister that the Soviet Union would indeed join the United States against an alien threat from outer space, and Shevardnadze responded, “Yes, absolutely.”

There were those who questioned Soviet motives and found it difficult to draw a clear distinction between sharing scientific technology and sharing military secrets. And there were those, like the chairman of the House of Representatives’ Science, Space and Technology Committee, Rep. Robert A. Roe, who believed that the common effort to explore Mars would shift the international focus from “Star Wars” to “Star Trek.” He and others encouraged President Reagan to stay the course of going together to Mars at the forthcoming Summit meeting.

So, once again, President Reagan raised the issue of the secret threat. Meeting in Chicago in May 1988 with members of the National Strategy Forum, he told them of wondering, “What would happen if all of us in the world discovered that we were threatened by an outer—a power from outer space—from another planet.” It was no longer a vague threat from “outer space” but from “another planet.”

At the end of the month the two superpower leaders met for their third summit in Moscow… Two months later the Phobos spacecraft were launched. The die was cast: the two superpowers on Earth had launched challengers to probe “the outer—a power from space—from another planet.” They sat back in secret anticipation. They ended up with the Phobos 2 incident.

It is noteworthy that in his February 1987 address, the Soviet leader, in raising the issue of such a threat and choosing not to dispute it, could reassure his audience with the thought that “It’s early yet to worry about such an intrusion.”

Until the Phobos 2 incident, and certainly before 1983 was over, the whole question of “Extraterrestrials” was viewed in two parallel yet separate ways. On the one hand… Frank D. Drake of the University of California at Santa Cruz and president of the SETI… Institute in Mountain View, California… concludes in his formula that in the Milky Way… there ought to be between 10,000 to 100,000 advanced civilizations. SETI projects have been using various radio telescopes to listen in on radio emissions from distant space…

The SETI search, besides being unproductive so far, raises two questions. The first, [besides Congress cutting funds] is whether there is any point in trying to discover any intelligent signal that may have taken light years to reach us… Second, (and this is my question) [Mr. Sitchin’s]: why expect advanced civilizations to use radio for communication? Would we have expected them to use bonfires if we had conducted the search centuries ago, when one mountaintop village signaled another by such means? What about all the advances we on Earth have attained—from electricity to electromagnetism to fiber optics, to laser pulses and proton beams and crystal oscillators, as well as new methods yet to be discovered?

Unexpectedly but perhaps inevitably, the SETI searches were forced to concentrate closer to Earth (and to focus not on extraterrestrial “intelligences” but on “beings”) by scientists dealing with the origin of life on Earth… “The hunt for signs of extraterrestrial intelligence” is the “crowning research effort in the minds of many” who look for the origins of life, Erik Eckholm reported in The New York Times. The chemists and biologists were now looking to the exploration of Mars and Titan, Saturn’s moon, for answers to the mystery of life on Earth.

As early as 1968 the U.S. National Security Agency, in a study dealing with the UFO phenomenon, analyzed the consequences of a “confrontation between a technologically advanced extraterrestrial society and an inferior one on Earth.” Surely, someone had to have a theory regarding the home planet of such an extraterrestrial society.

Was it Mars? That might have been the only plausible (even if incredible) answer until another line of search- for one more planet in our Solar System—merged with the issue of Extraterrestrials.

In The 12th Planet it was explained that Planet X (as designated by astronomers) and Nibiru would be one and the same, because the Sumerians considered the Solar System to have twelve members: the Sun, Moon, the original nine planets, and the planet that became the twelfth member, the Invader, Nibiru/Marduk.

Working in 1972 on the anticipated trajectory of Halley’s comet, Joseph L. Brady of the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory in California discovered that Halley’s orbit was also perturbed. His computations led him to suggest the existence of Planet X at a distance of 64 AU with an orbital period of 1,800 Earth-years… Could the fact that Nibiru is on its way back toward its perigee account for the fact that Brady’s 1,800-year orbit is exactly half the 3,600 Earth-years orbit the Sumerians recorded for Nibiru?

There were other conclusions by Brady that were in significant accord with the Sumerian data: that the planet has a retrograde orbit, and that this orbit is not in the same plane (the ecliptic) as that of the other planets (except Pluto) but at an inclination to it.

In 1981, with the data from Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11 and from the two Voyagers on Jupiter and Saturn in hand, Van Flandern and four colleagues at the U.S. Naval Observatory restudied these planets’ orbits as well as those of the outer planets… Van Flandern presented new evidence, based on complex gravitational equations, that a body at least twice the size of Earth orbits the Sun at a distance of at least 1.5 billion miles beyond Pluto, with an orbital period of at least 1,000 years. The Detroit News of January 16, 1981, published the news on its front page together with the Sumerian depiction of the Solar System, borrowed from The 12th Planet, and a summary of the book’s main thesis.

The search for Planet X was then joined by NASA… In a statement issued from its Ames Research Center on June 17, 1982, and headlined “Pioneers May Find Tenth Planet,” NASA disclosed that the two spacecraft had been enlisted in the search for Planet X…

In September of that year, 1982, the U.S. Naval Observatory confirmed that it was “seriously pursuing” the search for Planet X. Dr. Harrington said his team has “narrowed themselves to a fairly small portion of the sky,” and added that the conclusion by then was that the planet “was moving much more slowly than any of the planets that we now know.” (Needless to say, all the above-mentioned astronomers leading the search for Planet X soon received long letters from me, accompanied by copies of The 12th Planet; their responses have been equally long and detailed as well as gracious).

It is known that on various secret missions of the U.S. space shuttles, new telescopic devices for scanning the distant skies were employed, and that Soviet cosmonauts aboard the Salyut space station were equally engaged in secret searches for the planet.

The enigma of the unknown planet might be resolved through the “infrared search of the solar neighborhood” by the “all-sky survey of the Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS).” He (John Anderson) explained that IRAS “will be sensitive to the heat trapped in the interiors of substellar bodies”—heat that is slowly lost to space in the form of infrared radiation.

Did IRAS find the tenth planet? The official response to the question is no—no tenth planet was found. But that, to put it mildly, is not a correct answer.

Having scanned the same part of the heavens at least twice, IRAS did make it possible to “blink” images; and, contrary to the impression given, moving objects were discovered. These included five previously unknown comets, several comets that astronomers had “lost,” four new asteroids—and "an enigmatic cometlike object.”

Was it perhaps Planet X?

In spite of the official denials, a disclosure did leak out at the end of the year. It came in the form of an exclusive interview of the key IRAS scientist by Thomas O’Toole of the science service of the Washington Post. The story, generally ignored—suppressed, perhaps—was carried by several dailies, which variously headlined it “Giant Object Mystifies Astronomers,” “Mystery Body Found in Space,” and “At Solar System’s Edge Giant Object is a Mystery”…

But could it be a planet—another member of our Solar System? That possibility seemed to have occurred to NASA. According to the Washington Post:

  • “The Mystery body was seen twice by IRAS”
  • “This suggests it’s not a comet because a comet would not be as large as we’ve observed and a comet would have probably moved”
  • “Conceivably, it could be the 10th planet that astronomers have searched for in vain.”


So, what did IRAS discover, I inquired of the Public Information Office of JPL in February 1984. This is the response: “…In true scientific fashion he [the scientist reporting on the Washington Post], carefully noted that if the object were close it would have to be Neptune-size. But if distant, an entire galaxy."

Gone, then, is the Jupiter sized comparison: now it was a Neptune-sized planet “if the object were close”—but a galaxy (!) if distant.

William Gutsch, chairman of the American Museum-Hayden Planetarium in New York… in his syndicated column “Skywatch”—”A tenth planet may have already been spotted and even catalogued,” although it is yet to be seen with optical telescopes.

Was this also the conclusion reached at the White House, as witness the developments that have followed in superpower relations as of 1983 and the repeated “hypothetical” statements of the two leaders concerning aliens from space?

When Pluto was discovered in 1930 it was a great astronomical and scientific discovery, but no earthshaking event. The same would have applied to the discovery of Planet X; but not anymore—not if Planet X and Nibiru are one and the same… then the Sumerians were also right about the Anunnaki.

If Planet X exists, we are not alone in this Solar System.

Indication that what IRAS had spotted was not “a distant galaxy” but a “Neptune-sized planet” is further corroborated by the intensified efforts to scan certain parts of the heaven with optical telescopes and by the sudden stress on conducting these searches in the southern skies.

This would be done with some of the world’s “most powerful telescopes” [Washington Post published], two on Mt. Palomar in California… the extremely powerful telescope at Cerro Tololo in the Chilean Andes… [and others], including the one atop Mount Mauna Kea in Hawaii.

Cerro Tololo Observatory, Chile.

Cerro Tololo Observatory, Chile.

Stars trails.

Stars trails.

Mt. Palomar

Mt. Palomar

Mauna Kea, Hawaii.

Mauna Kea, Hawaii.

Commenting on the NASA news conference, Newsweek (July 13,1987) reported: NASA held a press conference last week to make a rather strange announcement: an eccentric 10th planet may—or may not—be orbiting the Sun.” But unnoticed went the fact that the news conference was called under the auspices of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, the Ames research Center, and NASA headquarters in Washington. This meant that whatever had to become known bore the stamp of approval of the topmost space authorities. The message was hidden in a final comment by Dr. Anderson. Asked when Planet X would be found, he said, “I wouldn’t be surprised if it is found in 100 years, or it may never be found… and I wouldn’t be surprised if it’s found next week.”

That, no doubt, was why three NASA agencies had sponsored the news conference: That was the news.

It is noteworthy that since 1984, after the enigmatic IRAS disclosure, there has been a spate of rushed construction of new or enhancement of older powerful telescopes by the United States, the Soviet Union, and European entities. Telescopes in the southern hemisphere have received the most attention. In France, for example, The Paris Observatory has formed a special team to search for Planet X, and a New Technology Telescope (NTT) was activated by the European Southern Observatory in Cerro La Silla in Chile…

Cerro La Silla Observatory, Chile.

Cerro La Silla Observatory, Chile.

NASA had planned to loft the most powerful space telescope ever built, the Hubble, when the shuttle program went awry after the 1986 Challenger accident; there is reason to believe that the expectation of the discovery of Planet X in June 1987 was based on hope that Hubble be lofted at that time (it was finally put into orbit at the beginning of 1990 only to be found defective).

Hubble Telescope, attached to Shuttle.

Hubble Telescope, attached to Shuttle.

Dr. Harrington presented his latest findings in a paper published in The Astronomical Journal (October 1988) titled “The Location of Planet X.”

Sending me [to Mr. Sitchin] a reprint of the paper, he marked alongside the northern portion of the sketch “Not consistent with Neptune,” and along the southern portion of the skies he wrote “Best area now.”

On January 16, 1990, Dr. Harrington reported at the American Astronomical Society meeting in Arlington, Virginia, that the U.S. Naval Observatory has narrowed its search for the tenth planet to the southern skies and has announced the dispatch of a team of astronomers to the Black Birch Astronomic Observatory in New Zealand. The data from Voyager 2, he disclosed, now lead his team to believe that the tenth planet is about five times larger than Earth and about three times further from the Sun than Neptune or Pluto.

These are exciting developments, not only because they bring modern science to the verge of announcing what the Sumerians already knew so long ago—that there is one more planet in our Solar System—but also because they go a long way toward confirming the details of the planet’s size and orbit.

By concluding that the inclination of Planet X might be as high as 30 degrees, modern astronomers corroborate Sumerian astronomical data.

So does the most recent determination that the planet is orbiting toward us from the southeast, the direction of the constellation Centaurus. Nowadays we see there the zodiac constellation Libra; but in Babylonian/biblical times that was the place of Sagittarius…

If Extraterrestrials exist, should Earthlings try to reach them? If they can journey in space and reach Earth, will they be benign, or—as H.G. Wells depicted in The War of the Worlds—will they come to destroy, conquer, annihilate?

The Astronomer Royal, Sir Martin Ryle, counseled against any attempt by people on Earth to make their existence known. His concern was that another civilization might see Earth and Earthlings as a tempting source of minerals, food, and slaves. He was criticized not only for paying too little heed to the possibility of gain from such contacts but also for creating unnecessary fears: “Given the immensity of space” (The New York Times editorialized), “the nearest intelligent beings are not likely to exist closer than hundreds of thousands of light years away.”

But, as the chronology of discoveries and superpower relations indicates, it was realized by the time the first U.S.—Soviet summit was held that such intelligent beings are much closer to us than that; there indeed exists one more planet in our own Solar System; that it was known in antiquity as Nibiru; and that it was not lifeless but peopled, with beings much more advanced than us.

The “working committee” [convened by the United States after 1985, with representatives of Soviet Union and many other nations] to ponder the matter of Extraterrestrials…

What was the Committee required to consider? Not the theoretical question of whether there are Extraterrestrials light years away… The task before the Committee was much more urgent and ominous: What should be done as soon as their existence is discovered.

In April 1989, immediately after the Phobos 2 incident at Mars, the international team hammered out a set of guidelines. It was a two-page document titled DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES CONCERNING ACTIVITIES FOLLOWING THE DETECTION OF EXTRATERRESTRIAL INTELLIGENCE… it is clear that its principal purpose was to maintain the control by certain authorities of the news following the “detection of extraterrestrial intelligence.”

Clause 8 [of The Principles] prohibit unauthorized response: No response to a signal or other evidence of extraterrestrial intelligence should be sent until appropriate international consultations have taken place. The procedures for such consultations will be the subject of a separate agreement, declaration or arrangement.

Why should there be pandemonium and worldwide panic if, say, the authorities were to announce the possibility of intelligent life in some star system several light years away? If they were thinking, for example, that such a signal might come from the first star system Voyager might come upon after it left the Solar System, the encounter would take place forty thousand years in the future! Surely, that is not what has worried the Committee.

Clearly, then, the Principles were drawn up to its anticipation of a message or phenomenon closer to home, from within the Solar System…

Modern science has indeed caught up with ancient knowledge—of Nibiru and the Anunnaki. And Man knows, once again, that he is not alone.


Declaration of Principles Concerning Activities Following the Detection of Extraterrestrial Intelligence
(Source: Acta Astronautica Vol. 21. No. 2. pp. 153-154, 1990 by Pergamon Press)

We, the institutions and individuals participating in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence,

Recognizing that the search for extraterrestrial intelligence is an integral part of space exploration and is being undertaken for peaceful purposes and for the common interest of all mankind,

Inspired by the profound significance for mankind of detecting evidence of extraterrestrial intelligence, even though the probability of detection may be low,

Recalling the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, which commits States Parties to that Treaty “to inform the Secretary General of the United Nations as well as the public and the international scientific community, to the greatest extent feasible and practicable, of the nature, conduct, locations and results” of their space exploration activities (Article XI),

Recognizing that any initial detection may be incomplete or ambiguous and thus require careful examination as well as confirmation, and that it is essential to maintain the highest standards of scientific responsibility and credibility,

Agree to observe the following principles for disseminating information about the detection of extraterrestrial intelligence:

  1. Any individual, public or private research institution, or governmental agency that believes it has detected a signal from or other evidence of extraterrestrial intelligence (the discoverer) should seek to verify that the most plausible explanation for the evidence is the existence of extraterrestrial intelligence rather than some other natural phenomenon or anthropogenic phenomenon before making any public announcement. If the evidence cannot be confirmed as indicating the existence of extraterrestrial intelligence, the discoverer may disseminate the information as appropriate to the discovery of any unknown phenomenon.

  2. Prior to making a public announcement that evidence of extraterrestrial intelligence has been detected, the discoverer should promptly inform all other observers or research organizations that are parties to this declaration, so that those other parties may seek to confirm the discovery by independent observations at other sites and so that a network can be established to enable continuous monitoring of the signal or phenomenon. Parties to this declaration should not make any public announcement of this information until it is determined whether this information is or is not credible evidence of the existence of extraterrestrial intelligence. The discoverer should inform his/her or its relevant national authorities.

  3. After concluding that the discovery appears to be credible evidence of
    extraterrestrial intelligence
    , and after informing other parties to this declaration, the discoverer should inform observers throughout the world through the Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams of the International Astronomical Union, and should inform the Secretary General of the United Nations in accordance with Article XI of the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Bodies. Because of their demonstrated interest in and expertise concerning the question of the existence of extraterrestrial intelligence, the discoverer should simultaneously inform the following international institutions of the discovery and should provide them with all pertinent data and recorded information concerning the evidence:

    1. the International Telecommunication Union
    2. the Committee on Space Research, of the International Council of Scientific Unions
    3. the International Astronautical Federation
    4. the International Academy of Astronautics
    5. the International Institute of Space Law
    6. Commission 51 of the International Astronomical Union
    7. Commission J of the International Radio Science Union
  4. A confirmed detection of extraterrestrial intelligence should be disseminated promptly, openly, and widely through scientific channels and public media, observing the procedures in this declaration. The discoverer should have the privilege of making the first public announcement.

  5. All data necessary for confirmation of detection should be made available to the international scientific community through publications, meetings, conferences, and other appropriate means.

  6. The discovery should be confirmed and monitored and any data bearing on the evidence of extraterrestrial intelligence should be recorded and stored permanently to the greatest extent feasible and practicable, in a form that will make it available for further analysis and interpretation. These recordings should be made available to the international institutions listed above and to members of the scientific community for further objective analysis and interpretation.

  7. If the evidence of detection is in the form of electromagnetic signals, the parties to this declaration should seek international agreement to protect the appropriate frequencies by exercising procedures available through the International Telecommunication Union. Immediate notice should be sent to the Secretary General of the ITU in Geneva, who may include a request to minimize transmissions on the relevant frequencies in the Weekly Circular. The Secretariat, in conjunction with advice of the Union’s Administrative Council, should explore the feasibility and utility of convening an Extraordinary Administrative Radio Conference to deal with the matter, subject to the opinions of the member Administrations of the ITU.

  8. No response to a signal or other evidence of extraterrestrial intelligence should be sent until appropriate international consultations have taken place. The procedures for such consultations will be the subject of a separate agreement, declaration or arrangement.

  9. The SETI Committee of the International Academy of Astronautics, in coordination with Commission 51 of the International Astronomical Union, will conduct a continuing review of procedures for the detection of extraterrestrial intelligence and the subsequent handling of the data. Should credible evidence of extraterrestrial intelligence be discovered, an international committee of scientists and other experts should be established to serve as a focal point for continuing analysis of all observational evidence collected in the aftermath of the discovery, and also to provide advice on the release of information to the public. This committee should be constituted from representatives of each of the international institutions listed above and such other members as the committee may deem necessary. To facilitate the convocation of such a committee at some unknown time in the future, the SETI Committee
    of the International Academy of Astronautics should initiate and maintain a current list of willing representatives from each of the international institutions listed above, as well as other individuals with relevant skills, and should make that list continuously available through the Secretariat of the International Academy of Astronautics. The International Academy of Astronautics will act as the Depository for this declaration and will annually provide a current list of parties to all the parties to this declaration.

The “Declaration of Principles Concerning Activities Following the Detection of Extraterrestrial Intelligence” was developed over a period of several years by the SETI Committee of the International Academy of Astronautics, with the assistance of many experts interested in this question.

In April of 1989, it was approved:

  • by the Board of Trustees of the Academy and also
  • by the Board of Directors of the International Institute of Space Law.

Over the next three years, it was endorsed:

  • by the Committee on Space Research
  • by the International Astronomical Union
  • by the members of Commission J of the Union Radio Scientifique Internationale
  • by the International Astronautical Federation

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