Chapter 10: When Wisdom Was Lowered from Heaven

The Sumerian King Lists—a record of rulers, cities, and events arranged chronologically—divide prehistory and history into two distinct parts: first the long record of what had happened before the Deluge, then what transpired after the Deluge. One was the time when the Anunnaki “gods” and their sons by the “daughters of Man,” the so-called demigods, ruled upon the Earth; the other was when human rulers—kings selected by Enlil—were interposed between the “gods” and the people…

“When kingship was lowered from heaven,” begins the Sumerian King List, “kingship was in Eridu…”

Although the subject of this volume is what we call Science and the ancients called Wisdom, a few words about “Kingship”—the good order of things, an organized society and its institutions—will not be out of place, because without them no scientific progress or the dissemination and preservation of “Wisdom” could be possible…

Various aspects of an organized and orderly society were incorporated into the concept of kingship, first and foremost among them the need for justice. A king was required to be “righteous” and to promulgate and uphold the law… Hammurabi’s was a code of crime and punishment: if you do this, your punishment will be that. The Sumerian law codes, on the other hand, were codes of just behavior; they stated that “you should not take away a widow’s donkey” or delay the wages of a day laborer. The Bible’s Ten Commandments were, like the Sumerian codes, not a list of punishments but a code of what is right to do and what is wrong and should not be done.

It is from Sumer that we have inherited the concept of judges, juries, witnesses, and contracts, the unit of society we call the “family,” based on a contractual marriage, was instituted in Sumer; so were rules and customs of succession, of adoption, of the rights of widows. The rule of law was also applied to economic activities: exchange based on contracts, rules for employment, wages,—how else—taxation…

All that and more came under the umbrella of “Kingship.” As the sons and grandchildren of Enlil entered the stage of relations between Man and his gods, the functions of kingship and the supervision of kings were gradually handed over to them, and Enlil as the All Beneficent became a cherished memory. But to this day what we call a “civilized society” still owns its foundation to the time when “kingship was lowered from heaven.”

“Wisdom”—sciences and the arts, the activities that required know-how—were the domain first of Enki, the Chief Scientist of the Anunnaki, and later on, of his children…

Like Kingship, Wisdom was “lowered to Earth from Heaven,” granted to Mankind by the Anunnaki “gods.” It was by their sole decision that scientific knowledge was passed on to Mankind, usually through the medium of selected individuals…

There was no doubt in ancient times that scientific knowledge was a gift and a teaching from the “gods”—the Anunnaki, Elohim—to Mankind. The assertions that astronomy was a major subject are self-evident statements, since, as must be evident from earlier chapters in this book, the astounding knowledge in Sumerian times of the complete Solar System and the cosmogony that explained the origin of Earth, the asteroid belt, and the existence of Nibiru could have come only from the Anunnaki.

While I have seen a gratifying increase—to some extent, I would like to think, due to my writings—in the recognition of the Sumerian contribution to the beginning and concept of laws, medical treatment, and cuisine, the parallel recognition of the immense Sumerian contribution to astronomy has not come about; this, I suspect, because of the hesitation in crossing the “forbidden threshold” of the inevitable next step: if you admit that the Sumerians knew about celestial matters, you must admit the existence not only of Nibiru but also of its people, the Anunnaki… Nevertheless, this “fear of crossing” (a nice play on words, since Nibiru’s name meant “Planet of the Crossing” . . .) in no way negates the fact modern astronomy owes to the Sumerian (and through them, to the Anunnaki) the basic concept of a spherical astronomy with all its technicalities; the concept of an ecliptic as the belt around the Sun in which the planets orbit; the grouping of stars into constellations; the grouping of the constellations seen in the ecliptic into the Houses of the Zodiac; and the application of the number 12 to these constellations, to the months of the year, and to other celestial, or “divine” matters… Astrologers certainly owe much to these celestial divisions, since in the planet Nibiru astrologers find the twelfth member of the Solar System that they have been missing for so long.

As the Book of Enoch details and as the biblical reference to the number 365 attests, a direct result of the knowledge of the interrelated motions of the Sun, the Moon, and the Earth was the development of the calendar: the counting of the days (and their nights), the months, and the years. It is now generally recognized that the Western calendar we use nowadays harkens back to Mankind’s first-ever calendar, the one known as the Calendar of Nippur…

The Jewish Calendar, as I have repeatedly pointed out in books and articles, still adheres to the calendar of Nippur not only in its form and structure but also in its count of years. In A.D. 1990 the Jewish calendar counts the year 5750; and it is not from “the creation of the world,” as the explanation has been, but from the start of the calendar of Nippur in 3760 B.C.

It was in that year, I have suggested in The Lost Realms, that Anu, Nibiru’s king, came to Earth on a state visit. His name AN in Sumerian and Anu in Akkadian, meant “heaven,” “The Heavenly One,” and was a component of numerous astronomical terms, such as AN.UR (“celestial horizon”) and AN.PA (“point of Zenith”), as well as being a component of the name “Anunnaki,” “Those Who From Heaven to Earth Came…”

Enki imparted the knowledge of astronomy (and other sciences) to his firstborn son Marduk, and the renown ziggurat of Babylon, built there after Marduk gained supremacy in Mesopotamia, was built to serve as an astronomical observatory.

Enki bestowed the “secrets” of the calendar, mathematics, and writing on his younger son Ningishzidda, whom the Egyptians called Thoth. In The Lost Realms I present substantial evidence to show that he was one and the same Mesoamerican god known as Quetzalcoatl, “The Plumed Serpent.” This god’s name, which means (in Sumerian) “Lord of the Tree of Life,” reflected the fact that it was to him that Enki entrusted medical knowledge, including the secret of reviving the dead…

Putting aside the ability to revive the dead (which is mentioned as fact in the Bible), it is certain that the teaching of anatomy and medicine was part of priestly training, as stated in the Enmeduranki text. That the tradition continued into later times is clear from Leviticus, one of the Five Books of Moses, which contains extensive instructions by Yahweh to the Israelite priests in matters of health, medical prognosis, treatment and hygiene… These instructions were not unlike those in numerous earlier Mesopotamian texts that served as medical manuals for the A.ZUs and IA.ZUs… That the Elohim were the source of these teachings should come as no surprise when we recall the medical, anatomical, and genetic feats of Enki and Ninti.

The Sumerian numbers system is called sexagesimal, meaning “base 60.” The count ran from 1 to 60, as we now do with 1 to 100. But then, where we say “two hundred,” the Sumerians said (or wrote) “2 gesh,” meaning 2 x 60, which equaled 120…

When record keeping began, a stylus with a round tip was used to impress on wet clay the various symbols that stood for the numbers 1, 10, 60, 600, and 3,600. The ultimate numeral was 3,600, signified by a large circle; it was called SAR (Shar in Akkadian) the “princely” or “royal” number, the number of Earth-years it took Nibiru to complete one orbit around the Sun.

After Mr. Sitchin explains the “cuneiform” writing (“wedge-shaped”), in which scribes used a wedge-shaped stylus… he continues:

Although dubbed “sexagesimal,” the Sumerian system of numeration and mathematics was in reality not simply based on the number 60 but a combination of 6 and 10. While in the decimal system each step up is accomplished by multiplying the previous sum by 10, in the Sumerian system the numbers increased by alternate multiplications: once by 10, then by 6, then by 10, then again by 6. This method has puzzled today’s scholars. The decimal system is obviously geared to the ten digits of the human hands (as the numbers, too, are still called), so the 10 in the Sumerian system can be understood; but where did the 6 come from, and why?

There have been other puzzles. Among the thousands of mathematical tablets from Mesopotamia many held tables of ready-made calculations. Surprisingly, however, they did not run from smaller numbers up (like 1, 10, 60, etc.) but ran down, starting from a number that can only be described as astronomical: 12,900,000… it stemmed from the phenomenon of Precession, which retards the zodiac constellation against which the Sun rises by a full House once in 2,160 years…

It was incredible to learn, as Hilprecht (The Babylonian Expedition of the University of Pennsylvania), and others have, that the Sumerians were not only aware of the phenomenon of precession but also knew that a shift from House to House in the zodiac required 2,160 years; it was doubly incomprehensible that they chose as the base of their mathematics a number representing five hundred complete twelve-House-cycles, each one of which required the fantastic (as far as human beings are concerned) time span of 25,900 years. In fact, while modern astronomy accepts the existence of the phenomenon and its periods as calculated in Sumer, there is no scientist now or in former times who can or could confirm from personal experience the shift of even one House (a shift to Aquarius is now anticipated); and all the scientists put together have to witness one complete cycle. Still, there it is in the Sumerian tablets.

It seems to me that a solution to all these puzzles can be found if modern science will accept the existence of Nibiru and its Anunnaki as fact…

Although a complete shift in 2,160 years was also beyond an Earthling’s lifetime, the gradual shift of one degree every 72 years was an observable phenomenon (which the astronomer-priests witnessed and dealt with). This was the “earthly” in the formulation.

Then there was the orbital period of Nibiru, which the Anunnaki knew equaled 3,600 Earth-years…

Mr. Sitchin gives plenty information about numerology of the ancients, from the Sumerian records. He also mentions some biblical passages, Psalm 90, where the Lord, referring to the “Celestial Lord” (Nibiru) is mentioned. Also in Psalm 102…

Relating it all to the orbit of Nibiru, to its cycle of 3,600 Earth-years, the precessional retardation of Earth in its orbit around the Sun—this is the secret of the Wisdom of Numbers of the Anunnaki lowered from heaven to Earth.

Before Man could “calculate with numbers,” the other two of the “three Rs”—reading and ‘riting—had to be mastered. We take for granted that man can speak, that we have languages by which to communicate to our fellow men (or clansmen). But modern science has not held it so; in fact, until quite recently, the scientists dealing with speech and languages believed that “Talking Man” was a rather late phenomenon that may have been one reason the Cro-Magnons—who could speak and converse with each other—took over from the nonspeaking Neanderthals.

This was not the biblical view. The Bible took it for granted, for example, that the Elohim who were on Earth long before the Adam could speak and address each other…

Let us now look at the Adam. He is placed in the Garden of Eden and is told what to eat and what to avoid. The instructions were understood by The Adam, as the ensuing conversation between the Serpent and Eve makes clear… Adam and Even hide when they hear the footsteps of Yahweh, “strolling in the garden in the cool of the day.” Yahweh calls out to Adam… (The dialogue in Genesis is given in the book).

Mr. Sitchin then continues:

This is quite a conversation. Not only the Deity can speak; Adam and Eve can also speak and understand the Deity’s language. So, in what language did they converse, for there must have been one (according to the Bible).

Again scholars began by differing with the Bible. They assumed that language was a cultural heritage rather than an hereditary trait. It was assumed that Man progressed from groans to meaningful shouts (on seeing prey or sensing danger) to rudimentary speech as he formed clans…

It is gratifying to note that in recent years, modern science has come around to the belief that there was indeed a Mother Tongue; and that both types of Homo sapiens—Cro-Magnon and Neanderthal—could talk from the very beginning.

It was mainly advances in other fields, such as anthropology, biogenetics, and the Earth sciences, as well as computerization, that opened new avenues of study of what some call “linguistic genetics…”

Meanwhile, archaeological discoveries kept pushing back the time of human migrations, and this was especially significant in regard to the arrival of migrants in the Americas. When a time of twenty thousand years or even thirty thousand years ago was suggested, Joseph Greenberg created a sensation when he demonstrated in 1987 (Language in the Americas) that the hundreds of tongues in the New World could be grouped into just three families, which he termed Eskimo-Aleut, Na-Dene, and Amerind. The greater significance of his conclusions was that these three in turn were brought to the Americas by migrants from Africa, Europe, Asia, and the Pacific and thus in effect were not true-proto-languages but offshoots of Old World ones…

(Readers wishing to know more about the earliest arrivals in the Americas may want to read The Lost Realms, Book IV of the “Earth Chronicles” series).

But did true languages begin only about twelve thousand years ago—only after the Deluge? It is not only according to the bible that language existed at the very beginning of Homo sapiens (Adam and Eve), but also the fact that Sumerian texts repeatedly refer to inscribed tablets that dated from before the Deluge…

Discoveries by paleontologists and anthropologists make linguists push their estimations back in time. The discoveries in the Kebara cave, mentioned earlier, indeed forced a complete reevaluation of previous timetables.

Still, scientist from other fields relating to the anatomy of speech, such as Philip Lieberman of Brown University and Dean Folk of the State University of New York at Albany, see speech as a trait of Homo sapiens from the very first appearance of these “Thinking/Wise Men.” Brain specialists such as Ronald E. Myers of the National Institute of Communicative Disorders and Strokes believe that “human speech developed spontaneously, unrelated to the crude vocalization of other primates,” as soon as humans acquired their two-part brains.”

And Allan Wilson, who had participated in the genetic research leading to the “One-Mother-of-All” conclusion, put speech back in the mouth of “Eve”; “The human capacity for language may have come from a genetic mutation that occurred in a woman who lived in Africa 200,000 years ago,” he announced at a meeting in January 1989 of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

And so we arrive at the last of the Rs—writing.

Undoubtedly, Man learned to write long after he began to speak. The Mesopotamian texts insist that there was writing before the Deluge, and there is no reason to disbelieve this. But the first writing discovered in modern times is the early Sumerian script which was pictographic. It took a few centuries for this script to evolve into the cuneiform script which was the means of writing in all the ancient languages of Asia until it was finally replaced, millennia later, by the alphabet.

Three generations of scholars have been able to arrange the signs in a logical order and, as a result, have come up with lexicons and dictionaries of the ancient languages—Sumerian, Babylonian, Assyrian, Hittite, Elamite and so on—that used cuneiform.

But modern science reveals that there was more than some logical order to creating such a diversity of signs. Mathematicians, especially those leading with graph theory—the study of points joined by lines—are familiar with the Ramsey Graph Theory… The almost one hundred signs, only partly illustrated here [in the book] are simple graphs based on no more than a dozen Ramsey Numbers. So, if Enki or his daughter Nidaba, the Sumerian “goddess of writing,” had known as much as Frank Ramsey, they must have had no problem in devising for the Sumerian scribes a mathematically perfect system of cuneiform signs.

“I will greatly bless thee, and I will exceedingly multiply thy seed as the stars of the heavens,” Yahweh told Abraham. And with this single verse, several of the elements of the knowledge that was lowered from heaven were expressed: speech, astronomy, and the “counting with numbers.”

Modern science is well on its way to corroborating all that.


Continue to Chapter 11: A Space Base on Mars