“…Mankind’s enduring belief that someone in the past could foresee the future – that, in Sumerian parlance, someone had known Destiny and could determined Fate – was founded upon the Written Word. Revealed or secret, straightforward or encrypted, the information had to be recorded, written down. A covenant, a treaty, a prophecy – what value to those then present or to those who will inhabit the future unless the words be written down?
“…When archaeologists excavate an ancient site, nothing is deemed more exciting and significant than “something” with writing on it – an object, a brick, a stone slab, pottery shards, and needless to say a text or part thereof inscribed on a clay tablet or a papyrus sheet. What was the place, what was its ancient name, to what culture did it belong, who were its rulers? A few scribbled letters, a couple of words offer answers; and so much more, of course, fuller texts.
“…Certainly missing – for none has been duplicated elsewhere – are what Ashurbanipal identified as “writings from before the Deluge”; we know that they had existed because Ashurbanipal had boasted that he could read that writing.
“…The king’s assertion, one might note here, has not been taken seriously by modern Assyriologists. Some have amended the king’s statement to read “writings in Sumerian,” for it seems incredible not only to claim that there had been writing millennia before Mesopotamian tablets, but that such writing (on whatever tablets) had survived the global catastrophe.
“…Adapa – a pre-Diluvial initiate – wrote a book whose title, rendered in Sumerian U. SAR Dingir ANUM Dingir ENLILA (Writings Regarding Time [from] divine Anu and divine Enlil).
“…Enoch, another pre-Diluvial ancestor, returned from heaven with 360 “books”…
“…Having been given knowledge of the heavens and the Earth and their mysteries, Enoch was told to write down prophecies of future events (according to the Book of Jubilees, Enoch was shown “what was and what will be”).
“…Even more emphatic in asserting that Enoch brought down with him books that contained not only scientific knowledge but also prophecies of the future is the version known as 2 Enoch or by the full title The Book of the Secrets of Enoch… God disclosed to him the “secrets of Creation” and the cycles of events on Earth. “At the beginning of the eighth thousand of years there will be a time of Not-Counting, [a time] with neither years nor months or weeks, nor days or hours” (2 Enoch 33:1-2).
“…A reference is then made to even earlier writings that belonged to Enoch’s ancestors Adam and Seth – “handwriting that should not be destroyed till the end of time.” There is also reference to a “chart” that God has “put on Earth” and “ordered that it be preserved, and that the handwriting of thy fathers be preserved, and it perish not in the Deluge which I shall bring upon thy race.”
“…If such “handwritings” ever existed, they must be counted among the missing pre-Deluvial writings. At the time of the Second Temple it was held that among such pre-Diluvial writings were the Books of Adam and Eve, in which many details were provided, augmenting the biblical tale.
“…Scholars agree that I Enoch has clearly incorporated, verbatim, sections from a much earlier manuscript called the Book of Noah, a work that was mentioned in other writings besides the Book of Enoch. It could well have been the source of the very enigmatic eight verses in Genesis chapter 6; preceding the biblical version of the Deluge and its hero Noah, those verses speak of the Nefilim, the “sons of the Elohim” who had married the Daughters of the Adam as the background for God’s decision to wipe mankind off the face of the Earth. In it, the tale is fully told, the Nefilim are identified, the nature of the divine wrath is explained. Harking back in all probability to Sumerian times and sources, it includes some details otherwise known only from the Mesopotamian Atra Hasis text.
“…Interesting and intriguing light on what the Book of Noah might have contained is to be found in the Book of Jubilees, another one of the Apocrypha (extrabiblical) books from the time of the Second Temple (or earlier). It states that the Angels “explained to Noah all the medicines, all the diseases and how he might heal them with herbs of the earth; and Noah wrote down all things in a book, concerning every kind of medicine.” And after the Deluge, Noah “gave all that he had written to his son Shem.”
“…The existence of a book that we might arbitrarily title The Book of Shem or, more specifically, the Book of Arpakhshad, is suggested by yet another tradition concerning writings from before the Deluge. The reference is found in the Book of Jubilees; it informs us that Arpakhshad, a grandson of Noah, was taught by his father Shem to write and read; and seeking a place to settle “he found a writing which former generations had carved on a rock, and he read what was thereon, and he transcribed it.” Among other information “it included the teachings of the Nefilim concerning how to observe the omens of the sun and of the moon and of the stars and the signs of heaven.” This description of the contents of the writings by the Nefilim – and thus from before the Deluge – parallels the wording in the Book of Enoch about he knowledge of the Sun and the Moon and the stars/planets that he was taught from “the heavenly tablets, and all that was written thereon.” All that Enoch passed on to his son Methusela…
“…An unambiguous reference to the pre-Diluvial writings and what happened to them as far as the destruction by the avalanche of waters was concerned is found in the writings of Berossus… (describing events from the splash landing of Ea to the Deluge, he called the hero of the Great Flood by his Sumerian name, Ziusudra). In the fragments of Berossus’s writings that are available from Greek historians, it is stated that after Ea/Enki had revealed to Sisithros (= Ziusudra) that there would be a Deluge, “he ordered him to conceal every available writing in Sippar, the city of Shamash. Sisithros accomplished all these things, sailed immediately to Armenia, and thereupon what the god had announced did happen.” Those writings were about “beginnings, middles, and ends.”
“…Berossus continued to relate that among those who were in the ark and survived the Deluge was Sambethe, the wife of one of the sons of Ziusudra/Noah – her name probably a corruption of the Sumerian or Akkadian Sabitu (“The Seventh”). According to Berossus “she was the first of the Sybils, and she had prophesied concerning the building of the Tower of Babylon and all that happened to the enterprises of its planners; this was before the division of the languages.”
“…To this first of line of oracle prophetesses (the most renowned of which was the Sybil in Delphi) was attributed the role of intermediary between the gods and the survivors of the Deluge. She uttered to them the words that were “a voice from the air,” which directed them how to survive after the Deluge and “how to recover from Sippar the books that described the future of Mankind.”
“…Indeed, as one reviews the beliefs underlying all these diverse statements, one begins to understand why the editors of Genesis in its Hebrew version had omitted the Aleph to make the beginning start with Beginning, with a “B” (Beth). For the very notion of a beginning incorporates within it a notion of an end. The very admonition that the ancient writings, containing all that there is to be known – those ancient “data banks” to use computer lingo – must be preserved until the “end times” or “end of days” implies that such an end has been destined. By starting with Beginning, the Bible’s editors subscribed to that belief.
“…The prophet Jeremiah clearly explained that what shall be “at the end of days” had been planned “in Yahweh’s heart” from the very beginning (23:20). “He tells the End at the Beginning,” Isaiah extolled the Lord God (46:10).
“…God was the ultimate prophet and the source of all prophecy. That biblical view found expression even where the text seems just to report events. The punishment imposed on Adam and Eve after they had eaten the forbidden fruit in the Garden of Eden foresaw the future ways of human beings. Cain was given a protective mark, for otherwise he and his descendants would be avenged for seventy and seven generations. In a covenant made by God with Noah and his sons, He promised that there would never again be a Deluge. In a covenant with Abraham, God foretold his future as the father of multitudes of nations; but predicted that a time would come when his offspring would be enslaved in a foreign land – a bitter experience that would last 400 years (as the Israelite sojourn in Egypt eventually did). And regarding the barren Sarah, God predicted that she would have a son and that out of her womb there would come nations and kings thereof.
“…Encompassing the human story from Adam and Eve through the destruction of the First Temple of Jerusalem and its rebuilding by returning exiles in the sixth century B.C., the Old Testament also tells, indirectly and almost imperceptibly, the shift of prophecy from a direct communication from God to one through Angels (literally: Emissaries) and then through Prophets.
“…A case of prophecy based on past prophecies was the future great battle of Gog and Magog that was revealed to the Prophet Ezequiel (chapters 38 and 39) – a battle that in the apocalyptic literature of the time assumed the role of the final battle in the last millennium, the Armageddon of the New Testament. Though in later writings Gog and Magog were treated as two different persons or nations, Ezequiel speaks of Gog as the ruler of the land Magog, and predicts that the end of his domination shall come when he will attack the land of Jerusalem, “the navel of the Earth.” Predicting that this shall take place at, and be a sign of, “the End of Days,” Yahweh declared through Ezequiel:
Though thou shalt come only at the end of days, Gog –
It is thou
of whom I have spoken
in the olden days
through the Prophets of Israel
who had prophesied in those days.
“…In those final times, Yahweh announced through Ezequiel there shall be a great earthquake and great destruction, and plagues and bloodshed, and torrents of rains, and fire and brimstones from the skies.
“…The quest for the hidden past in order to divine the future permeates not only the books of the Prophets but also the biblical books of Psalms, Proverbs, and Job.
“…This approach, of “Let’s find out what has happened in the past so that we might know what’s coming,” was based on Mankind’s experience throughout the millennia of human memory – “myths” – to most, recollections of actual events to us. To anyone aware of the ancient tales – anyone not only now but also in biblical times – it had to be obvious that at every twist and turn Mankind depended on the plans and whims of its creators, the Elohim.
“…In the Beginning, we today and people (and certainly Prophets) millennia ago have been informed that we have come into being as a result of discussions in a council of the gods, meeting to resolve a mutiny in the gold mines. Our genetic makeup was determined as two Anunnaki – Enki and Ninmah – acted both seriously and frivolously. It was at the Council of the Great Gods that they voted and swore to bring the creative experiment to an end and let Mankind perish in the Deluge. And it was that, meeting in council, the Anunnaki gods decided after the Deluge to give Mankind “Kingship” in the three regions – the civilizations of Mesopotamia, of the Nile Valley, and of the Indus Valley.
“…Curious about the records of the Beginnings, the human story from Creation through the Deluge and the rise of nations, the people of the last millennium B.C. – the time of the biblical prophets – also wondered about the Olden Days, the events in the previous millennium or two – the time when the Bible switched to Ur of the Chaldees in Sumer, and Abraham, and the War of the Kings, and the upheaval of Sodom and Gomorrah. Tell us of those Olden Days so that we would know what to expect, the people demanded of those entrusted with prophecy and knowledge.
“…The Bible mentions several such records – “books” – that may have held answers but that have completely vanished. One is the Book of Jashar, the Book of Streightness if literally translated but probably meaning the record of the Right Things. The other and probably much more important was the Book of the Wars of Yahweh, implying by its enigmatic title that it dealt with wars and conflicts among the Elohim.
“…Such writings from the past were truly divine Words, for the texts were either written down by the Divine Scribes or dictated by the gods to human scribes. Originally recorded by the gods themselves were the events on Nibiru that involved the seizing of the throne there by Anu and the continuation of the struggle for succession to another planet, Earth… In that category, of writings by the gods themselves, belonged a “Prophecy Text” that has come to us in the Akkadian version… an autobiography by Marduk. In the other category, that of books directly dictated by a deity, was a text known as the Erra Epos, a record as told by Nergal…
“…It was more than ironic that the events that had triggered the end of the great Sumerian civilization coincided with its most glorious epoch. An “olden book” – a Sumerian text – recorded the Council of the Great Gods at which the grant of Kingship (civilization) to Mankind was decided upon…
“…But in compliance with the gods’ decision, Kingship of Men had to begin at a City of Men, and that one was a new settlement called Kish. The date was marked by the grant of a calendar to Mankind, a calendar designed at Enlil’s “cult center,” Nippur. It began to tick in 3760 B.C.
“…There was indeed no Peace on Earth until Marduk – having caused the death of Dumuzi – had his sentence to be buried alive inside the sealed Great Pyramid commuted to exile…
“…It was during that relative period of peace that began with the start of the third millennium B.C. that the Sumerian civilization expanded to neighboring lands and flourished under great kings, such as Gilgamesh… and Sargon I… of the unified kingdom of Sumer and Akkad.
“…Numerous texts, mostly fragmented, have been found that record the course of events – the affairs of both gods and men – in the ensuing centuries… Finally, in 2113 B.C., the most glorious chapter in the history of Sumer and Akkad began. Historians refer to the era as the Ur III period, for it was the third time that Ur had become the empire’s capital…
“…All the while, from his exile, Marduk was watching these developments with a growing sense of frustration and anger…
“…Fate, we have said, has twelve stations; the Fate-Station (zodiacal house) of Marduk was the constellation of the Ram (Aries); and as Precession kept shifting the first day of spring away from the constellation of the Bull (Taurus) – Enlil’s zodiacal house – it became ever closer to “entering” the Fate-Station of Marduk’s Ram. Sure that the time has come for his Destiny to be fulfilled… Marduk envisioned himself returning to Babylon with pomp and circumstance, appointing a worthy king, watching the nations at peace and the peoples prosper – a prophetic vision of what shall come at the Latter Days when Babylon shall live up to its name: Bab-ili, “Gateway of the Gods.”
“…Other texts from that time, that scholars consider part of the collection of Akkadian Prophecies, recorded reports of astronomers who watched the heavens for planetary omens connected with the constellations of the Ram. The omens, however, were mostly ones of warfare, slaughter, plunder, destruction; and it was those prophecies, rather than Marduk’s rosy ones, that have come to pass… Impatient, Marduk sent his son Nabu to raise a human army from among their followers in the Lands of the West – the lands west of the Euphrates River. In 2024 B.C. Nabu launched a successful invasion of Mesopotamia and opened the gates of Babylon to his father Marduk.
“…Seeing no other way to stop Marduk and Nabu, the Council of the Great Gods authorized Nergal and Ninurta to unlock the “Seven Awesome Weapons” that had been hidden under lock and seal in the Abzu (Enki’s abode in southeastern Africa). A nuclear holocaust was unleashed; it vaporized the spaceport, leaving a huge gash in the peninsula’s face and a vast blackened area all around it. The “sinning cities” that sided with Nabu in what was then fertile valley south of the Dead Sea were likewise obliterated – an upheaval that Abraham could see from his abode in the south of Canaan.
“…But as fate would have it, the winds, as they reached Mesopotamia, changed course to the southeast. And while Sumer and its great olden cities lay prostrate and desolate, the city of Babylon to the north was completely spared.
“…Until then Marduk had looked to the heavens to divine his Fate. The miraculous sparing of Babylon from the nuclear death and desolation led him to wonder whether his now unobstructed way to supremacy was more than Fate – whether it was his Destiny.
“…Were Marduk not a deity already, one could have said that what ensued was his deification. In the circumstances, let us call it his Celestialization. The vehicle for that was an alteration (“falsification” is equally applicable) of the hallowed text of Enuma Elish: to call Nibiru “Marduk” and thereby make the supreme planetary god and the supreme god on Earth one and the same…
“…The coronation – to use an understandable term – of Marduk as “king of the gods” took place in a solemn ceremony, at an assembly of the Fifty Great Gods and the “Seven Gods of Destiny,” and with hundreds of rank and file Anunnaki present. Symbolically, Enlil laid before Marduk his divine weapon, the Bow (which in the heavens had the Bow-star as its counterpart). Then the transfer of the Enlil-powers to Marduk was further celebrated by the transfer to Marduk of the secret numerical rank of 50. That was done by a recitation, one by one, of the “fifty names.” They start with Marduk’s proper name, asserting that it was Anu himself who had so named Marduk when he was born, and, running through the rest of the epithet-names, ends with Nibiru – the transformation of the god on Earth into the supreme planetary god.
“…The fifty names are made up from Sumerian words or syllable combinations – epithets of whoever had possessed the fifty names before the Epic of Creation was falsified to accommodate Marduk; and although the Babylonian editors of the text (written in the Akkadian language) attempted to explain to their contemporaries the enigmatic Sumerian syllabic words, it is evident that even they could not fully grasp what secret message each name had conveyed. That such secret meanings or encoding underlay the fifty names was recognized by the renowned Assyriologist and biblical scholar E. A. Speiser… he observed that “the text etymologizes the names in a manner made familiar by the Bible; the etymologies, which accompany virtually every name on the long list, are meant to be cabalistic and symbolic rather than strictly linguistic.”
“…There is more in the Fifty Names of a “Kabbalistic” nature than the above observation allows. The first nine names are listed at the seventh tablet of Enuma Elish, and are accompanied by several accolade verses. As had been noted by Franz M. Th. Böhl… the utterance of those first nine names was attributed to forefathers not only of Marduk but even of Anu himself; three of them contained triple meanings each; and in one such meaning-within-meaning, the unique (and otherwise unreported) ability to “revive the dead gods” was attributed to Marduk. That, Franz Bohl suggested, could be a reference to the death and resurrection of Osiris (of Egyptian lore), because the ensuing three names (numbers 10, 11, 12) are variants of the epithet-name ASAR (Asaru in Akkadian) and, according to Bohl, three epithets that paralleled three epithets of the Egyptian god.
“…With those three epithet-names Enuma Elish moves on to the seventh tablet – not without implications for the seven days of Creation in Genesis (of which the first six were periods of activity and the seventh a day of rest and divine contemplation); and seven was, we will recall, the planetary designation of Earth and of Enlil as Earth’s Commander.
“…The three ASAR epithets, after which the epithet-names become varied and diverse, bring the total of names to twelve. They are additional explained in four verses giving the fourfold meaning of the three ASAR names, suggesting again an attempt to incorporate twelve into the text. The recitation of the fifty names thus incorporates the divine rank of Enlil and his planetary number, the number of the members of the Solar System, and of the constellations.
“…All of my instructions are embodied in the fifty names,” Enki announced at the conclusion of the ceremony. In those names, “all the rites have been combined.” In his own hand “he wrote it down, preserved for the future,” and ordered that the writing be lodged in the Esagil temple that the gods shall build for Marduk in Babylon. There the sacred knowledge shall be safeguarded by a line of priestly initiates, passed from father to son:
“Let them be kept [there] let the elder explain them; let the wise and knowing father impart to the son.”
“…With deeper meanings, what secret knowledge do the fifty names hold that, according to Enki, combined in them all that there was to know?
“…Perhaps one day, when a new discovery will enable us to decode the numerical encryptions of Assyrian and Babylonian kings, we too will know.