“…The twelve part zodiac and its antiquity stir up two puzzles: Who originated it and why was the celestial circle divided into twelve parts?
“…The answers require the crossing of a threshold – to a realization that underlying the seemingly astrological significance of dividing the heavens into twelve parts is a highly sophisticated astronomy – an astronomy, in fact, so advanced that Man, by himself could not have possessed it when this division of the celestial circle began.
Mr. Sitchin at this point gives an extensive explanation of Precession, or the phenomenon of Earth’s orbit retardation: The retardation thus requires 2,160 years to execute a shift from sunrise on equinox day against the starry background of one zodiacal constellation to the one before, while the Earth orbits the Sun in a counterclockwise direction, the retardation causes the Day of the Equinox to shift backwards.
“…Now even with the longer longevity in Sumerian/biblical times (Terah 205, Abraham 175) it would have taken a lifetime to notice a retardation of one (72 years) or two (144 years) degrees – a highly unlikely achievement without the advanced astronomical equipment that would be needed. So much more the ability to realize and verify a complete Zodiacal Age shift of 2,160 years. Even the pre-Diluvial Patriarchs with what scholars consider “fantastic” longevities – 969 years for the record holder Methusela and 930 for Adam – did not live long enough to observe a full zodiacal period. Noah, the hero of the Deluge, lived a mere 950 years; yet Sumerian recollections of the event named the zodiacal constellation – Leo – in which it had happened.
“…This was only part of the possible knowledge possessed by the Sumerians. How could they have known all that they did? They themselves provided the answer. All that we know was taught to us by the Anunnaki – “Those Whom From Heaven to Earth Came.” And they coming from another planet with a vast orbital period and a longevity in which one year encompassed 3,600 of Earthlings’ had no difficulty discerning Precession and devising the twelve-part Zodiac.
“…There was a time, the Sumerians told, when civilized Man was not yet on Earth, when animals were only wild and undomesticated and crops were not yet cultivated. At that long-ago time there arrived on Earth a group of fifty Anunnaki…
Mr. Sitchin continues explaining again the arrival of the Anunnaki, the first one arriving being EA, the first born of Anu but not the Legal Heir, who was Enlil, as Enlil was the firstborn from Anu’s half sister. Their reason for coming to Earth, which was to mine gold and ship it to their home planet, Nibiru; the building of a Sapceport and of a Mission Control Center for this purpose.
“…The great cities EA/Enki and Enlil built in the Mesopotamian area. A recount of their children is given at this point, Marduk, Nergal, Gibil, Ninagal, Dumuzi, and Ningishzidda pertaining to Enki.
“…Enlil’s prominent son Ninurta always competing with Marduk for the inheritance of the throne of Earth, thus creating bloody wars which became the wars of gods and men.
“…Their consorts, daughters and granddaughters took part in Medicine, like Ninharsag; took part in astronomical knowledge and politics, like Inanna/Ishtar, and their half brothers were competing to have sons born from them.
The reader here, can find more about all the subjects mentioned above anywhere else in the previous books on site.
“…Contrary to the total absence of a genealogy for Yahweh, the biblical god, the Anunnaki “gods” were fully cognizant of genealogies and the changing generations. There existed as part of the secret knowledge kept in temples Gods Lists, in which the Anunnaki “gods” were listed in genealogical/generational succession. Some such discovered lists named no fewer than twenty-three Divine Couples who were the precursors of Anu (and thus of Enlil and Enki) on Nibiru. Some lists just named the Anunnaki gods in chronological succession; others carefully noted the name of the divine mother alongside the divine father’s name, for who the mother was determined the offspring’status under the Rules of Succession.
“…Towering above them all was always a circle of twelve Great Gods, the forerunner of the Twelve Olympians of the Greek pantheon.
“…The Sumerians depicted their gods wearing distinctive horn caps, and we have suggested that the number of pairs of such horns reflected the numerical rank of the deities.
“…It is noteworthy that the two contenders for the Succession on Earth, Ninurta and Marduk, were kept off the initial “Olympian” list. But when the contest heated up, the Council of the Gods recognized Ninurta as the legal successor and assigned to him the rank of 50 – the same as that of his father Enlil. Marduk, on the other hand, was given the low rank of 10.
“…These rankings were considered divine secrets, revealed only to selected priestly “initiates.” The tablets on which the “secret numbers of the gods” were inscribed (such as tablet K.170 from the temple of Nineveh) contained a strict prohibition against showing it to the la mudu’u – the “uninitiated”
“…The table (below) identifies the Great Gods by parentage and rank, highlighting the twelve Great Gods.
The Great Gods by parentage and rank
“…But why twelve?
“…The answer, we believe, lies in another major problem that the Anunnaki faced once they changed their mission from a one-time mineral-extracting expedition to a long-term settlement with almost a thousand of them involved. From their viewpoint, they had come from a planet with a “normal” orbit to one that crazily runs around the Sun, orbiting the Sun 3,600 times in one (Nibiru) year (one orbital period)… Establishing their sophisticated equipment at Mission Control Center in Nippur… they certainly became aware of the gradual retardation that we call precession, and realized that the Earth, besides the orbital fast year, also had another longer-cycle -the 25,920 years it took Earth to return to the same heavenly spot, a cycle that came to be known as the Great Year.
“…As depictions on cylinder seals show, the Anunnaki considered the “family of the Sun” to consist of twelve members… Using their detailed sky charts, they grouped the stars in each sky segment into constellations. What shall they name them? Why not after their very own leaders?
“…Here was Ea, “Whose Home is Water,” who had splashed down to Earth in the waters of the Persian Gulf, who loved to sail the marshes… who filled the lakes with fish. They honored him by naming accordingly two constellations, those of the Waterman (Aquarius) and the Fishes (Pisces)… Enlil, forceful, strong-headed, and frequently compared to a bull, was honored with naming his constellation as that of the Bull (Taurus). Ninmah (Anu’s daughter) desired but never married, had the constellation Virgo named for her. Ninurta, often called Enlil’s Foremost Warrior was honored with the Bow – Sagitarius; Ea’s firstborn, stubborn and hardheaded, was likened to a roaming Ram (Aries). And when the twins Utu/Shamash and Inanna/Ishtar were born, it was only befitting that a constellation, Gemini (the Twins), be named in their honor… As the hierarchial ranks changed and as second and third-generation Anunnaki joined the scene on Earth, all the twelve zodiacal constellations were assigned to Anunnaki counterparts.
“…Not men, but the gods, devised the zodiac.
“…And the numbers, no matter what the changes, always had to add up to twelve.
“…After forty “Repetitions” (orbits) of Nibiru since the first arrival, the Anunnaki assigned to the gold mines mutinied.
“…At the moment of impasse, Enki sprang on the Anunnaki leadership his astounding suggestion: Let us, he said, create a Primitive Worker who shall be capable of doing the work!
“…The discussion and the suggested solution are echoed in the Bible:
And Elohim said:
“Let us make Man in our image
and after our likeness”
“…Several Sumerian texts describe how, with the help of Ninmah and after much trial and error, a Lulu – a “Mixed One” – was created.
“…Cloning was a long process, requiring the service of the Birth Goddesses because the new being, as a hybrid, could not procreate on its own. So to speed it up Enki performed a second feaf of genetic engineering – but this time on his own initiative. Tinkering with what are now called chromosomes X and Y, he gave the human race the ability to procreate on its own.
“…Though he had voted for the genetic experiment, Enlil did so reluctantly… “You have made the Adam to be like one of us,” able to procreate, he shouted; one more step, and he would also partake of the fruit of the Tree of Life!
“…So Mankind was banished from the Garden of Eden, to fend for itself; but instead of withering, it proliferated and filled the Earth. Enlil’s displeasure grew when young Anunnaki began to fraternize with the Daughters of Man, even had children with them.”
“…The result was the Great Flood…
“…Enlil… realizing that after everything that the Anunnaki had built on Earth had been destroyed, they needed Mankind as a partner to make Earth habitable again.
“…As soon as the tidal wave began to recede, they could bring their Earth-orbiting craft down on the Near East’s highest peaks, the peaks of Ararat… they could use the Landing Place – a vast stone platform that had been erected before the Flood in the Cedar Mountains of what is now Lebanon… The Landing Corridor, as before the Flood was anchored on the conspicuous twin peaks of Mount Ararat… a new Mission Control Center was selected and two artificial twin peaks, to anchor the Landing Corridor’s terminus were erected – the two still-standing great pyramids at Giza, Egypt.
“…Our suggestion that the gods of Egypt were none other than Enki and his clan may seem far-fetched at first glance. Weren’t their names, to start with, entirely different? The great Olden God of the Egyptians, for example was called PTAH, “The Developer”; but that was also the meaning of Enki’s Sumerian epithet NUDIMMUD, “The Maker of Artful Things.” He was the Knower of Secrets, the Divine Serpent, in both pantheons; and (recalling his epithet “whose home is water”) was depicted in both as Divine Waterman, our Aquarius. In the Egyptian pantheon the Mistress of the Sinai was HATHOR, nicknamed “The Cow” in her old age; so too was Ninharsag nicknamed in Sumer as she grew old.
“…Enki’s principal son and successor in Egypt was RA, “The Pure One,” paralleling Marduk, “Son of the Pure Mound,” in Mesopotamia.The many other similarities between the two have been expounded in The Wars of Gods and Men. So were the reasons for identifying the Egyptian god THOTH, a son of Ptah and keeper of divine secret knowledge, as the god Ningishzidda of the Sumerian texts.
Mr. Sitchin recounts once again the battles between the sons of Enlil (Ninurta) and Enki (Marduk) main contestants for the ruling of Earth.
“…Sentenced to exile, Ra/Marduk became Amen-Ra… In an autobiographical text in which his return was prophesied, Marduk described his wandering thus:
“…I am the divine Marduk, a great god.
I was cast off for my sins.
To the mountains I have gone,
in many lands I have been a wanderer.
From where the sun rises
to where it sets I went.
“…And wherever he roamed, he kept asking the Gods of Fate: “Until when?”
“…The answer regarding his Fate, he realized, came from the heavens. The Age of the Bull, the age zodiacally belonging to Enlil and his clan, was ending.
“…Not everyone agreed. Was it just so because of time calculations, or an observable celestial phenomenon? Marduk could not care less… seeing no other choice, the gods opposing Marduk used nuclear weapons to obliterate the spaceport (and as a sideshow, the unfaithful cities of Sodom and Gomorrah).
“…But Fate intervened on the side of Marduk. The prevailing western winds carried the deathly nuclear cloud eastward, toward Sumer. Babylon, further north, was spared…
“…And so, in spite of the extraordinary efforts of Marduk’s opponents, the Age of the Ram indeed ushered in the rise of Babylon.