“…Twenty four years before the nuclear calamity two paths crossed, and not by accident. One was that of a god who was certain that his Fate had become a Destiny; the other was a man whose Destiny became his Fate. The god was Marduk; the man was Abraham; the place where their paths crossed was Harran.
“…And an outcome of that was to last to our very own times, when Babylon (now Iraq) rained deathly missiles on the land of Jerusalem (now Israel).
Mr. Sitchin recounts at this point facts which he has written in his Book The Wars of Gods and Men, of the affairs of Abraham and Marduk in that area; he then continues:
“…Far from the customary picture painted of Abram as a nomadic sheepherder, he turns out to be a superb military leader and a major actor on the international scene. It can all be explained, we suggest, only if one accepts the reality of the Anunnaki presence and takes into consideration the other major events occurring at the same time. The only prize worth an international war – at the very time that Nabu was organizing fighters in the lands west of the Euphrates – was the spaceport in the Sinai. It was that which Abram – allied with the Hittites and trained by them in Martial arts – was hurriedly sent to protect. It was to that purpose that an Egyptian Pharaoh in Memphis, himself facing an invasion by followers of Ra/Marduk based in Thebes in the south, provided Abram with a camel-riding cavalry and a large number of other men and women servants. And it was because Abram successfully protected the gateway to the spaceport that Yahweh assured him of a great reward – as well as promised him protection from future retribution by the losing side.
“…The War of the Kings took place, by our calculations, in 2041 B.C. The year after that the princes of the south captured Memphis in Egypt and dethroned Abram’s ally, declaring allegiance to Amon-Ra, the “hidden” or “unseen” Ra/Marduk, who was then still in exile. (After Marduk’s rise to supremacy, the new rulers of Egypt began building in Karnak, a suburb of the capital Thebes, Egypt’s greatest temple in honor of Amon-Ra; they lined the majestic avenue leading to it with ram-headed sphinxes, honoring the god whose age, the Age of the Ram, had arrived). After the outcome of the wars and the destruction of the spaceport in Sinai…
Karnak, ram-headed sphinxes.
“…With the spaceport gone, Abraham’s mission had come to an end. Now it was up to God to keep his end of the bargain. He had “cut a covenant” with Abraham to give him and his descendants as an everlasting legacy the lands between the Brook of Egypt and the Euphrates River. And now, through Isaac, the promise had to be kept.
“…And there was also the question of what to do with the other space facilities.
“…There were, to be sure, two such facilities in addition to the spaceport itself. One was the Landing Place, to which Gilgamesh had set his course. The other was the Mission Control Center – no longer needed, but still intact; a post-Diluvial “Navel of the Earth,” serving the same function as the pre-Diluvial “Navel of the Earth” that Nippur had been.
“…To understand the similar functions and consequently similar layouts, one should compare our sketches of the pre and post-Diluvial space facilities (such sketches appear on Mr. Sitchin’s Books; sorry they cannot be reproduced here online).
“…After the Deluge, when humanity was granted the three Regions, the Anunnaki retained for themselves the Fourth Region – the Sinai peninsula. There, in the central plain, the ground was both flat and hard (perfect tank terrain, as modern armies have concluded), unlike the mud-buried and water-clogged post-Diluvial plain in Mesopotamia.
“…Choosing again the twin peaks of Ararat as the anchor point, the Anunnaki drew a landing path at the same 45º angle to the geographic parallel – the 30th parallel north.
“…There in the central plain of the Sinai peninsula, where the diagonal line intersected the 30th parallel, was to be the spaceport. To complete the layout, two more components were required: To establish a new Mission Control Center, and to delineate (and anchor) the Landing Corridor.
“…We believe that the continuing of the Landing Corridor preceded the choosing of the site for Mission Control Center. The reason? The existence of the Landing Place, in the Cedar Mountains of Lebanon.
“…Every folklore, every legend connected with the place repeats the same assertion, that the place existed before the Flood. As soon the Anunnaki landed back on Earth after the Deluge on the peaks of Ararat, they had at their disposal a real, functioning Landing Place – not a full-fledged spaceport, but a place to land on. All the Sumerian texts dealing wit the grant to Mankind of “domesticated” (i.e. genetically altered) plants and animals describe the biogenetic laboratory in the Cedar Mountains, with Enlil now cooperating with Enki to restore life on Earth. All the modern scientific evidence corroborates that it was from that particular area that wheat and barley and the first domesticated animals had come.
(Here again modern advances in genetics join the parade of corroborations: A study published in the journal Science as recently as November 1997 pinpoints the place where wild einkorn wheat was genetically manipulated to create the “Founder Crop” of eight different cereals: some 11,000 years ago, in that particular corner of the Near East!)
“…There was every reason to include this place – a vast stone platform of massive construction – in the new space facilities. That, in turn, determined by equidistant concentric circles the location of Mission Control Center.
“…To complete the space facilities, it was necessary to anchor the Landing Corridor. In its southeastern end, two nearby peaks – one of which remained hallowed to this day as the so-called Mount Moses – were handy. In the equidistant northwestern edge there were no peaks, just a flat plateau. The Anunnaki – not any mortal Pharaoh – built there two artificial mountains, the two great pyramids of Giza (the smaller Third Pyramid, we have suggested in The Stairway to Heaven, was built first as a test scale model). The layout was completed with a “mythological” animal carved from the native rock – the sphinx. It gazes precisely along the 30th parallel, eastward toward the spaceport in the Sinai.
The Giza pyramids
“…These were the components of the post-Diluvial spaceport of the Anunnaki in the Sinai peninsula, as built by them circa 10500 B.C. And when the landing and takeoff place in the Sinai’s central plain was blown up, the spaceport’s auxiliary components remained standing:
- the Giza pyramids
- the Sphinx
- the Landing Place in the Cedar Mountains
- the Mission Control Center at Jerusalem
“…The Landing Place, as we know from the adventures of Gilgamesh, was there circa 2900 B.C. Gilgamesh witnessed there, the night before he had attempted entry, a rocketship rising. The place remained extant after the Deluge – a Phoenician coin depicted vividly what had stood atop the stone platform. The vast stone platform still exists. The place is called Baalbek – for it was the – “Secret Place of the North” of the Canaanite god Ba’al. The Bible knew the place as Beth-Shemesh, “House/Abode of Shamash” (the Sun God) and it was within the domains of king Solomon. The Greeks after Alexander called the place Heliopolis, meaning “City of Helios,” the Sun God, and built there temples of Zeus, his sister Aphrodite, and his son Hermes. The Romans after them erected temples to Jupiter, Venus, and Mercury. The temple of Jupiter was the largest temple ever built by the Romans anywhere in the empire, for they believe that the place was the most important oracle place in the world, one that would foretell the fate of Rome and its empire.
“…But who could have done that in antiquity? The local legend says: the Giants. They not only placed those stone blocks where they are, they also quarried and shaped and carried them over a distance of almost a mile…
“…Down at the southern end of the Landing Corridor, the Giza pyramids still stand, defying all traditional explanations, challenging Egyptologists to accept that they had been built millennia before the Pharaohs and not by any one of them. The Sphinx still gazes precisely eastward along the 30th parallel, keeping to itself its secrets – perhaps even the secrets of the Book of Thoth.
“…And what about Mission Control Center?
“…That too exists; it is a place called Jerusalem.
“…And there, too, a great and sacred platform rests atop colossal stone blocks that no man or ancient machine could have moved, raised, and put in place.
“…The biblical record of Abraham’s comings and goings in Canaan includes two instances of seemingly unnecessary digression; in both instances, the place digressed to was the site of the future Jerusalem.
“…The first time the digression is reported as an epilogue to the story of the War of the Kings. Having caught up with and defeated the invaders all the way north near Damascus, Abraham returned to Canaan with the captives and the booty…
“…The second seemingly unnecessary digression had to do with the testing by God of Abraham’s devotion. Abram had already carried out his mission to Canaan. God had already promised him that his reward would be great, that God himself would protect him. The miracle of a son and Legal Heir at extreme old age had happened; Abram’s name was changed to Abraham, “Father of multitude of nations.”
“…Then all of a sudden, “it was after all those things,” the Bible says (Genesis chapter 22), “that God tested Abraham,” telling him to go to a certain place and there sacrifice his own beloved son…
“…Abraham, ready to carry out the divine order, found out in the nick of time that it was only a test of his devotion… An Angel of the Lord pointed out to him a ram caught in the bushes, and told him that it was the ram that was to be sacrificed, not Isaac… Why go to the part of Canaan that God identified as the Land of Moriah, and there to locate a specific mount – which God himself pointed out – to conduct there the test?
“…As in the first instance, there had to be something special about the chosen place. We read (Genesis 22:4) that “On the third day Abraham lifted his eyes and saw the place from a distance.” The area was rich, if with anything, with barren mounts; from nearby, and certainly from a distance, they all look alike. Yet Abraham recognized the particular mount “from a distance.” There had to be something there that distinguished it from the other mounts. So much so that when the ordeal was over he gave the place a long remembered named: The Mount Where Yahweh is Seen. As 2 Chronicles 3:1 makes clear, Mount Moriah was the Jerusalem peak on which the Temple was eventually built.
“…From the time Jerusalem became a city, it encompassed three mounts. Listed from the northeast to the southwest they have been Mount Zophim (“Mount of Observers,” now called mount Scopus in English), Mount Moriah (“Mount of Directing, of Pointing Out”) in the center, and Mount Zion (“Mount of the Signal”); these are designations of functions that bring to mind the function-names of the Beacon Cities of the Anunnaki marking out Nippur and the Landing Path when the spaceport had been in Mesopotamia.
“…Putting lore aside, what we believe Abraham saw that identified the mount different, that distinguished it from all others there, was the great platform upon it.
“…A platform which, though smaller than at Baalbeck’s Landing Place, was also part of the space facilities of the Anunnaki. For Jerusalem (before it came Jerusalem), we suggest, was the post-Diluvial Mission Control Center.
“…And, as at Baalbek, that platform, too, still exists.
“…The reason (for the first) and purpose (of the second) digressions thus come into focus. The fulfillment of his mission was marked by a formal celebration, including a priestly blessing of Abraham with the ceremonial bread and wine, at a site – the only site in Canaan – directly connected to the presence of the Elohim. The second diversion was meant to test Abraham’s qualifications for a chosen status after the destruction of the spaceport and the resulting dismantling of the accoutrements of Mission Control Center; and to renew there the covenant in the presence of Abraham’s successor, Isaac. Such a renewal of the divine vow indeed followed right away after the test…
“…By renewing the divine vow at this particular site, the site itself – hallowed ground ever since – became part and parcel of the heritage of Abraham the Hebrew and his descendants.
“…The Divine Promise to Abraham, he had already been told by God, was to come true only after a passage of time and a servitude in a foreign land for four hundred years. All told it was a thousand years later when the descendants of Abraham took possession on the sacred mount, Mount Moriah. When the Israelites arrived to Canaan after the Exodus, they found that a tribe of Jebusites had settled south of the sacred mount, and let them be, for the time to take possession of that most hallowed ground had not yet come. The singular prize went to King David, who circa 1000 B.C. – a thousand years after the testing of Abraham – captured the Jebusite settlement and moved the capital from Hebron to what has been called in the Bible the City of David.
“…It is important to realize that the Jebusite settlement that David captured, and his new capital, were not at all “Jerusalem” as it is now envisioned, not even the walled “Old City.” The area captured by David and thereafter known as the City of David was on Mount Zion, not Mount Moriah. Even when David’s successor Solomon extended the city northward to a section called Ophel, it still stopped short of encroaching on the unique area to the north. It indicates, we suggest, that the sacred platform extending from there northward on Mount Moriah already existed at the time of David and Solomon.
“…The Jebusite settlement was thus not on Mount Moriah and its platform, but well to its south.
“…One of David’s actions was to transfer the Ark of the Covenant from its latest temporary location to the capital, in preparation for placing it in a proper House of Yahweh which David planned to erect… but, the honor, he was told… would go to his son Solomon.
“…In the fourth year of his reign – 480 years after the start of the Exodus, the Bible states – Solomon began the construction of the Temple, “on Mount Moriah, as had been showed to his father David…”
“…And the House, when it was in building, was built of stone made ready before it was brought thither; so that there was neither hammer nor axe nor any tool of iron heard in the House while it was in building.”
(I Kings 6:7)
“…It took seven years to complete the building of the Temple and to equip it with all the ritual utensils. Then on the next New Year (“in the seventh month”) celebration, the king and the priests and all the people witnessed the transfer of the Ark of the Covenant to its permanent place, in the Temple’s Holy of Holies…
“…Biblical data and references, age-old traditions and archaeological evidence have left no doubt that the Temple that Solomon built (The First Temple) stood upon the great stone platform, that still crowns Mount Moriah (also known as the Holy Mount, Mount of the Lord, or the Temple Mount). Given the dimensions of the Temple and the size of the platform, there is general agreement where the Temple stood, and the Ark of the Covenant within the Holy of Holies was emplaced upon a rock outcropping, a Sacred Rock, which according to unwavering traditions was the rock upon which Abraham was about to sacrifice Isaac.
“…Geologically the rock is an outcropping of the underlying natural rock, protruding above the level of the stone platform some five or six feet (the face is not even). But it is a most unusual “outcropping,” in more than one way. Its visible face has been cut and shaped, with an impressive degree of precision, to form rectangular, elongated, horizontal and vertical receptacles and niches of varying depths and sizes. These artificial niches and receptacles had to have some purpose known to whoever had made those incisions in the rock. What has been only surmised since long ago (i.e. Hugo Gressmann, Altorienalische Bilder zum Alten Testament) has been confirmed by recent researchers (such as Leen Ritmeyer, Locating the Original Temple Mount): The Ark of the Covenant and the Walls of the Holy of Holies had been emplaced where the long straight cut and other niches in the face of the rock were made.
“…The implication of those findings is that the cuts and niches in the face of the rock date back at least to the time of the First Temple. There is, however, no mention whatsoever in the relevant passages in the Bible of any such cutting by Solomon; indeed, it would have been impossible – because the strict prohibition against the use of metal and other tools on the Mount!
“…The enigma of the Sacred Rock and what had stood on top of it is magnified by the mystery of what might have stood under it. For the rock is not a simple outcropping. It is hollow!
“…In fact, given permission, one can descend a flight of stairs built by the Moslem authorities, and end up in a cavelike cavern the rocky roof of which is the protruding upper part of the Sacred Rock. This cavern – whether natural or not is uncertain – also features deep niches and receptacles, both in the rocky walls and (as could be seen before the floor was covered with prayer rugs) also in the floor. At one place there is what looks an opening into a dark tunnel; but what it is and where it leads is a well-kept Moslem secret.
“…Israeli researchers, fanatically barred from the area, have determined with the aid of soil-penetrating radar and sonar technology that there is indeed another major cavity under the Sacred Rock.
Old City beyond the Temple Mount.
City of David below the Temple Mount.
“…The Temple Mount is covered by a horizontal stone platform, slightly off-perfect rectangular in shape (because of the contours of the terrain), whose size is about 1,600 by 900 feet, for a total stone-paved area of close to 1,500,000 square feet.
“…The instructions for the First Temple cover pages upon pages in the Bible; every small detail is given, measurements are precise to an amazing degree, where this or that utensil or artifact should be is prescribed, how long the poles that carry the Ark is specified, and so on and on. But it all applies to the House of Yahweh. Not a word about the platform on which it was to stand; and that could only mean that the platform has already been there; there was no need to construct it.
“…Who then built the platform, with all the earthwork and stonework that it entailed? Our answer, of course, is: the same master builders who had built the platform at Baalbek (and, for that matter, the vast and precisely positioned platform on which the Great Pyramid of Giza stands).
“…The great platform that covers the Temple Mount is surrounded by walls that serve both as retaining walls and as fortifications. The Bible reports that Solomon built such walls, as did Judean kings after him… Of this walls, only the Western Wall, by tradition and as confirmed by archaeology, has remained hallowed as an actual remnant from the time of the First Temple – at least in the lowest courses where ashlars (perfectly cut and shaped stone blocks) are the largest. For almost two millennia, since the destruction of the Second Temple, Jews held on to this remnant, worshipping there, praying to God, seeking personal succor by inserting slips of paper with a request to God between the ashlars, bewailing the Temple’s destruction and the Jewish people’s dispersion – so much so that, in time, the Crusaders and other conquerors of Jerusalem nicknamed the Western Wall the “Wailing Wall.”
The Western or Wailing Wall.
The Western or Wailing Wall.
“…Until the reunification of Jerusalem by Israel in 1967, the Western Wall was no more than a sliver of a wall, about a hundred feet or so squeezed between residential houses. In front was left a narrow space for the prayers, and on both sides, rising house atop house, it encroached on the Holy Mount. When the houses were removed, a large plaza was formed in front of the Western Wall and its extension all the way to its southern corner was unveiled. And, for the first time in almost two millennia, it was realized that the retaining walls extend downward nearly as much as they had been exposed above what has been consider ground level. As suggested by the hitherto visible portion of the “Wailing Wall,” the lower courses were larger, better shaped, and of course much older.
“…Beckoning with mystery and with a promise of ancient secrets was the extension of the Western Wall to the north.
The Large Plaza in front of the Western Wall.
“…There Captain Charles Wilson explored in the 1860s an archway (which still bears his name) that led northward to a tunnel-like passage and westward to a series of arched chambers and vaults. The removal of the encroaching dwellings revealed that the current street level lay atop several lower, now-subterranean, levels of ancient structures that included more passages and archways…
“…Israeli archaeologists concluded that Wilson’s arch was the entrance way to what must have been in earlier times an open-air street that ran along the Western Wall, and that the Wall itself extended northward by hundreds of feet. The laborious clearing of the rubble, confirming those assumptions, led to the opening in 1996 of the “Archaeological Tunnel” (an event that made headlines for more than one reason).
“…Extending for about 1,600 feet from its start at Wilson’s Arch to its exit on Via Dolorosa (where Jesus walked carrying the cross), the Western Wall Tunnel uncovered and passes through remains of streets, water tunnels, water pools, archways, structures, and marketplaces from Byzantine, Roman, Herodian, Hasmonean, and biblical times. The thrilling and eerie experience of walking through the tunnel, deep below ground level, is akin to being transported in a time machine – backward into the past with every step.
“…But the greatest surprise, for the visitor as well as for the archaeologists, lies in the more southerly section of the uncovered wall:
“There – at the ancient street level but not yet the lowest bottom course – there have been emplaced massive stone blocks and on top of them four colossal blocks each weighing hundreds of tons!
Their ton weight is: 600; 570; and 355. Compared with the largest at the Great Pyramid which is 15 tons!
“…These are colossal sizes and weights by any yardstick…
“…Who could have emplaced such colossal stone blocks, and what for?
“…All the stone blocks used by Solomon, without exception, were quarried, cut , shaped, and prepared elsewhere to be brought to the site only for assembly. That this was the case regarding the colossal stone blocks under discussion is additionally clear from the fact that they are not part of the native rock; they lie well above it, and have a somewhat different hue. (In fact the latest discoveries west of Jerusalem suggest that they might have come from a quarry there). How they were transported and raised to the required level and then pushed into the necessary emplacement remain questions that archaeologists are unable to answer.
“…An answer, however, to the question what for? has been offered. The site’s chief archaeologist, Dan Bahat, writing in Biblical Archaeology Review, stated:
“We believe that on the other (eastern) face of the western wall at this point, under the Temple Mount, is an enormous hall; our theory is that the Master Course” (as this section had come to be called) “was installed to support and serve as a counter-force to the vault inside.”
“…The sections with the enormous stone blocks lies only slightly to the south of the location of the Sacred Stone. To suggest, as we do, that this massive section was needed for heavy impacts associated with the site’s function as a Mission Control Center with its equipment installed on and within the Sacred Rock, seems to be the only explanation after all.