“Some time after 4000 B.C. the great Anu, ruler of Nibiru, came to Earth on a state visit.
“It was not the first time he had made the arduous space journey. Some 440,000 Earth-years earlier – a mere 122 years in terms of Nibiru – his first son, Enki, had led the first group of fifty Anunnaki to Earth to obtain the gold with which this seventh planet was blessed. On Nibiru, nature and technological usages had combined to thin out and damage the planet’s atmosphere needed not only for breathing but that also had acted to envelope the planet into a greenhouse, preventing its inner-generated heat from dissipating. And only by suspending gold particles high above Nibiru, its scientists concluded, could Nibiru be saved from becoming a frozen and lifeless globe.
Mr. Sitchin, in this chapter recaptures the whole history of the Anunnaki which he has presented in his three previous books, which are transcribed on this site by quoting his own words in numerous excerpts. However, he expands several points which you will find in the following paragraphs.
“Since the Deluge, Nibiru had come once again near Earth, and vital materials had been received from it; but little of value was sent back. In the olden gold sources it was now necessary to locate hidden lodes, tunnel into mountainsides, cut shafts into the Earth, blast the rocks. Mankind had to be provided with tools – hard tools – to be able to extract what the Anunnaki could locate and blast with their ray guns. Fortunately the avalanche of water had also done some good, for it had exposed lodes, wash them out, filled riverbeads with golden nuggets mixed with mud and gravel. Getting hold of this gold could open up new sources – easier to work but more difficult to reach and transport; for the place where this kind of nugget gold was plentiful was on the other side of the Earth: there, along mountain chains that face the great ocean, untold golden riches had been exposed. It was just there for the taking – if the Anunnaki would go there, if a way could be found to ship that gold…
“And now that Nibiru had neared Earth again, the great Anu with his spouse Antu had come to Earth for a state visit, to see for himself where matters stood. What had been achieved by granting Mankind the two divine metals, AN.NA and AN.BAR with which to make the hard tools? What had been achieved by expanding the operations to the other side of the world? Were the storages filled with gold, as had been reported, ready to be shipped to Nibiru?
“We can understand the urgency of bringing metallurgy at Uruk to perfection: it had to do with Anu’s forthcoming state visit. Perhaps to impress on him that all was going well, that very city, Uruk, was built in his honor, and metallurgical achievements were shown off.
“…If by the time of this state visit, the Anunnaki had already been seeking gold in the New World, would Anu and Antu have sought to include the new lands in their itinerary? Would the Anunnaki on Earth seek to impress them with their new achievements, the new prospects, the promise of providing Nibiru with the vital metal in sufficient quantities, once and for all?
“If the answer is yes, then the existence of Tiahuanacu and much else about it could be explained. For if, in Sumer, a special city with a brand-new sacred precinct, with a golden enclosure, and an Avenue of the Gods and Holy Quays was established for the visit to the Olden Land, we could presume the similar establishment of a new city with a bran-new golden enclosure and a sacred avenue and sacred quays in the heart of the New Lands. And, as at Uruk, we would expect to find an observatory for determining the moment of the appearance of Nibiru in the evening skies, followed by the rising of the other planets.
“Only such parallelism, we feel, can explain the need for the observatory that the Kalasasaya had been, for its precision, and for its date: circa 4000 B.C. Only such a state visit, we suggest, can explain the elaborate architecture of Puma-Punku, its royal-like piers, and, yes, its gold-plated enclosure. For that is precisely what archaeologists had found at Puma-Punku…
“…Some of the gigantic statues of the Great God at Tiahuanacu, were inlaid with gold. Posnansky discovered and photographed the attachment holes, “some two millimeters in diameter, round about the reliefs.” A principal gate at Puma-Punku that he named Gate of the Moon had its relief of Viracocha as well as the god’s face in the meander under it “inlaid with gold… which made the principal hieroglyphs stand out with great brilliance.”
“No less significant was the discovery of Posnansky that where these figures depicted the god’s eyes, the gold inlay and nails “secured into the slits of the eyes small round plates of turquoise. We have found” Posnansky reported, “many of these pieces of turquoise perforated in the center, in the cultural strata of Tiahuanacu” – a fact that led him to believe that not only the reliefs on the gates, but also the gigantic stone statues of gods that have been found at Tiahuanacu, were inlaid with gold on their faces and their eyes inlaid with turquoise.
“This discovery is most remarkable, for there is no turquoise – a semiprecious blue-green stone – anywhere in South America. It is a mineral whose earliest mining, at the end of the fifth millennium B.C. is believed to have taken place in the Sinai peninsula and Iran.
“…Virtually all the statues found at Tiahuanacu depict the gods shedding three tears from each eye. The tears were inlaid with gold, as can still be seen on some of the statues now on display at the Museo del Oro in La Paz.
“…The Andean people (like the Aztecs) called gold nuggets “tears of the gods.” Since all these statues depicted the same deity as on the Gate of the Sun, where he is also shedding tears, he has come to be called “The Weeping God.” In view of our evidence, we feel justified calling him “God of the Golden Tears.” A gigantic carved monolith found at a satellite site (Wancai) depicts the deity with a conical and horned headdress – the typical headdress of Mesopotamian gods – and with lightning bolts instead of tears, clearly identifying him as the Storm God.
“…The finds at around Tiahuanacu of golden and bronze artifacts leave no doubt that gold preceded bronze (i.e., tin) in that area. Posnansky was emphatic in relating bronze to the third period of Tiahuanacu, and showed incidences where bronze clamps were used to repair structures from the golden era. Since the mines in the near mountains show clear evidence that tin ores and gold were obtained at the same sites, it was probably the discovery of gold followed by its placer mining in the Titicaca region that brought out the existence of cassiterite: the two are found intermingled in the same riverbeds and streams.
“…A look at a map of South America mineral resources provides a clear picture. Three bands of varying width of gold, silver, and copper lodes snake their way along the Andean ranges in the northwestern-southeastern slant, all the way from Colombia in the north to Chile and Argentina in the south. Dotted along the way are some of the world’s most renowned sources for these metals, some regarded as almost pure mountains of the minerals. The slow forces of nature, and no doubt the immense avalanche of water of the Deluge, have forced the metals and their ores out of their rock-embeded lodes – exposing them, washing then down mountainsides and into riverbeds.
“Some of the richest lodes of gold, partly washed down riverbeds, lie east and north of Lake Titicaca. It is there, in the Cordillera Real that embraces the lake from its northeast to its southeast that a fourth band joins the others: a band of tin in the form of cassiterite, (these bands also contain: platinum, bismuth, manganese, wolfram, iron, mercury, sulphur, antimony, asbestos, cobalt, arsenic, lead, zinc), and quite important for modern and ancient smelting and refining, coal and petroleum.
Mr. Sitchin explains in a previous paragraph, that it resembles the DNA entwined within itself with its counterpart RNA the genetic life and heredity of everything that lives on Earth.
“… It becomes prominent in the lake’s eastern shore, bends westward along the Tiahuanacu basin, then runs southward almost parallel to the Desaguadero River. It joins the other three bands near Oruro and Lake Poopo, and vanishes there.
“When Anu and his spouse arrived to see all the mineral riches, the sacred precinct of Tiahuanacu, its golden enclosure, its quays, were all in place. Whom did the Anunnaki enlist and bring over, at about 4000 B.C., to build all that? By then, the highland peoples in Sumer had already a tradition of rudimentary metallurgy and stoneworking, and they could have been among the artisans brought over. But the true metallurgical technology including that of casting, of high rise-construction, of building according architectural plans, and following stellar orientations, was in the hands of the Sumerians.
“The central effigy in the semisubterranean sacred enclosure is bearded, as are many of the stone heads attached to the enclosure’s wall that portray unknown dignitaries, many are turbaned, as Sumerian dignitaries had been.
Stone Heads at Tiahuanacu, Bolivia.
Stone Heads at Tiahuanacu, Bolivia.
“One must wonder where and how the Incas, continuing the custom of the ancient Empire, acquired the Sumerian (i.e, Anunnaki-given) rules of succession. Why was it that in their incantations the Inca priests invoked Heaven by uttering the magical words Zi-Ana, and Earth by the words Zi-ki-a, totally meaningless terms in either Quechua or Aymara (according to S.A. Lafone Quevedo, Ensayo Mitologico) – but words that in Sumerian mean “Heavenly Life” (ZI.ANA) and “Life of Earth and Water” (ZI.KI.A). And why did the Incas retain from ancient empire times the term Anta for metals in general and copper in particular – a term that in Sumer, as AN.TA, would have been of a class with AN.NA (tin) and AN.BAR (iron).
“These relics of Sumerian metallurgical terms (which were borrowed by their successors) are augmented by the discovery of Sumerian mining pictographs… symbols incised on rocks on the banks of the Manizales river in Colombia’s central gold region, and in the eastern region symbols were found carved on rocks above caves that have been artificially deepened. Many petroglyphs in the Andean gold centers, the routes to them, or at places where the term Uru appears as a name-component include symbols that resemble Sumerian cuneiform script or pictographs, such as the radiating cross found among petroglyphs northwest of Lake Titicaca – a symbol that the Sumerians had used to represent the planet Nibiru.
“Add to all that the possibility that some of the Sumerians brought over to Lake Titicaca may have survived to present times. Nowadays only a few hundred of them are left; they live on some islands in the lake, sailing upon it in reed boats. Aymara and Kholla tribesmen that now make up most of the area’s inhabitants consider them remnants of the area’s earliest dwellers, aliens from another land, whom they call Uru. The name is taken to mean “the Olden Ones”; but have they been so called because they came from the Sumerian capital Ur?
“According to Posnansky, the Urus named five deities or Samptni: Pacani-Malku, meaning Olden or Great Lord; Malku, meaning Lord; and the gods of the Earth, the Waters, and the Sun. The term malku is of obvious Near Eastern origin, where it meant (as it still does in Hebrew and Arabic) “king.” One of the few studies of the Urus, by W. La Barre (American Anthropologist vol. 43), reports that Uru “myths” relate that,
“we, the people of the lake, are the oldest on this Earth. A long time we are here, from before the time when the Sun was hidden… Before the Sun hid himself we were already a long time in this place. Then the Kollas came… they used our bodies for sacrifices when they laid the foundations for their temples… Tiahuanaco was built before the time of darkness.”
“We have already established that the Day of Darkness, “when the Sun was hidden,” occurred circa 1400 B.C.
Besides the similarities of names, building patterns of the temples and sites, remembrance of Lake Titicaca’s inhabitants today, Mr. Sitchin mentions many more, among them:
“There were the many customs that led the arriving Spaniards to see in the Indians descendants of the Ten Tribes of Israel. There were the coastal cities and their temples that brought to explorers’ minds the sacred precincts and ziggurats of Sumer. And how account for the incredibly ornate textiles of the coastal tribe of the people near Tiahuanacu, unique in the Americas, except by comparison with the Sumerian textiles, especially those of Ur, that were renowned in antiquity for their exquisite design and colors?
Ancient HandmadeTextile, from Paracas, Peru.
Modern Handmade Textiles, Peru.
“Why the portrayal of gods with conical headdresses, and a goddess with the Umbilical Cutter of Ninti? Why a calendar as in Mesopotamia, and a zodiac as in Sumer, with Precession and twelve houses?
“Without rehashing all the evidence that has filled the previous chapters, it seems to us that all the pieces of the puzzle of Andean beginnings fall into place if we acknowledge the hand of the Anunnaki and the presence of Sumerians (along or with their neigbors) in this region circa 4000 B.C. The legends of the ascent heavenward of the Creator and his two sons, the Moon and the Sun, from the sacred rock on the Island of the Sun (Titicaca Island) may well be recollections of the departure of Anu, his son Sin and his grandson Shamash; having made a short trip by boat from Puma-Punku to a waiting airborne-craft of the Anunnaki.
“On that memorable night at Uruk, as soon as Nibiru had been sighted, the priests lit torches that were a sign to nearby villages.
“…Whether or not people then realized that they were viewing a celestial sight that occurs once in 3,600 Earth-years, they certainly knew it was a phenomenon once in their lifetimes. Mankind has not ceased to yearn for the return of that planet, and it justly recalls that era as a Golden Age: not only because it was physically so, but also because it culminated a period of peace and unparalleled progress for Mankind.
“But no sooner (in Anunnaki terms) had Anu and Antu returned to Nibiru than the peaceful division of Earth among the Anunnaki clans was disturbed.
Mr. Sitchin reminds us of the times of the Tower of Babel, the splitting of civilization, the peoples of the Nile who flourished circa 3100 B.C., Thoth, Marduk/Ra’s brother, now a god without a people… Then he continues:
“…It is our suggestion that accompanied by some of his faithful followers he (Thoth) chose an abode in the New Realms – in Mesoamerica.
“And we further suggest that it happened not just “circa 3100 B.C.” but exactly in 3113 B.C. – the time, the year, and even the day from which the Mesoamericans began their Long Count.
“The Western Christian calendar counts the years from the birth of Christ. The Moslem calendar begins with the Hegira, the migration of Mohammed from Mecca to Medina… we shall mention the Jewish Calendar, which is in effect the ancient (and first-ever) Calendar of Nippur, the Sumerian city dedicated to Enlil. Contrary to the common assumption that the Jewish count of years (5,748 in 1988) is from the “beginning of the world,” it is actually from the beginning of the Nippurian calendar in 3760 B.C. – the time, we assume, of Anu’s state visit to Earth.
“Why not then accept our suggestion that the arrival of Quetzalcoatl, i.e., the Winged Serpent, in his new realm was the occasion for starting the Long Count of the Mesoamerican calendar – especially since it was this very god who had introduced the calendar to this lands?
Thoth, Marduk/Ra’s brother, sons of Enki, represented by the “ibis.” (above and below)
Mayan representations of Quetzalcoatl. His birth above, and as the Winged Serpent below.
“Having been overthrown by his own brother, Thoth (known in Sumerian texts as Ningishzidda – Lord of the Tree of Life) was a natural ally of his brother’s adversaries, the Enlilite gods and their Chief Warrior, Ninurta. It was Thoth who had designed a ziggurat-temple for Ninurta to be built by Gudea, he may have also specified the rare materials for it, and had a hand in assuring the supplies.
As a friend of the Enlilites, he had to be friendly with Ishkur/Adad and the Andean realm that was put under his control in the Titicaca region; he was probably even a welcomed guest there.
“Indeed, we can discern evidence that a Serpent God and his African followers probably lent a hand in developing some of the satellite metal-processing sites around Tiahuanacu.
“Posnansky, stung by criticism of his “fantastic” antiquity, did not attempt to date the transition from Period I, when sandstone was used for construction and statuary, to the most sophisticated Period II when hard andesite stone began to be used. But the fact that the changeover also marked the shifting of Tiahuanacu’s focus from gold to tin suggests to us the 2500 B.C. period. If, as we surmise, the Enlilite gods in charge of Near Eastern highland domains (Adad, Ninurta) were away in the New Realm, busy establishing the Cassite colony, it explains why, at about that time, Inanna/Ishtar usurped the power in the Near East and launched a bloody offensive against Marduk/Ra to avenge the death of her beloved spouse Dumuzi, (caused, she claimed, by Marduk).
“It was at that time, and probably as a consequence of the instability in the Old Realms, that the concerned gods decided to create a new civilization away from it all – in the Andes. Tiahuanacu was to focus on supplying tin, there were almost inexhaustible sources of gold all along the Andean slopes. All that was needed was to give the Andean Man the necessary know-how and tools to go after the gold.
“And so it was, circa 2400 B.C. – just as Montesinos had concluded – that Manco Capac was given the golden wand at Titicaca and sent to the gold region of Cuzco.
“What was the shape and purpose of this magical wand? One of the most thorough studies on the subject is Corona Incaica by Juan Larrea. Analyzing artifacts, legends, and pictorial depictions of Inca rulers, he concluded that it was an axe, an object called Yuari that when first given to Manco Capac was named Tupa-Yuari, Royal Axe. But was it a weapon or a tool?
“To find an answer, we go to ancient Egypt, the Egyptian terms for “gods, divine” was Neteru, “Guardians.” That however was exactly the term by which Sumer (actually, Shumer) was called – “Land of the Guardians”; and in early translation of biblical and pseudo-biblical texts into Greek, the term Nefilim (alias Anunnaki) was rendered “Guardians.” The hieroglyph for this term was an axe; E.A. Wallis Budge (The Gods of the Egyptians) in a special chapter titled “The Axe as a Symbol of God” concluded that it was made of metal…
“…The tales of Manco Capac and the Ayar brothers in all probability also mark the end of the Mesopotamian and gold phases of Tiahuanacu… the Cassites arrived and moved the tin or ready bronze via the transpacific route. In time other routes developed. The existence of settlements with an astonishing abundance of bronzes points to a route along the Beni River eastward to Brazil’s Atlantic coast, thence with the help of ocean currents all the way to the Arabian Sea, and Red Sea to Egypt, or the Persian Gulf to Mesopotamia. There could and probably was a route via the Ancient Empire and the Urubamba river, as suggested by the megalithic sites and the discovery of a pure lump of tin at Machu Picchu. This route led to the Amazon and the northeastern tip of South America, thence across the Atlantic to West Africa and the Mediterranean.
“…A third and quicker alternative was offered by its narrow neck that provided a virtual land-bridge between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic via the Caribbean Sea – a route essentially followed, in reverse, by the conquistadores.
“The third route, that of the Olmec civilization, must have become the preferred route after 2000 B.C., as evidenced by the presence of Mediterraneans; for in 2024 B.C. the Anunnaki led by Ninurta, fearing that the spaceport in Sinai would be overrun by followers of Marduk, destroyed it with nuclear weapons… Losing no time, Marduk marched in with an army of Canaanite and Amorite followers, declaring kingship in Babylon.
“It was then we believe, that the decision was made to grant the African followers of Thoth/Quetzalcoatl civilization in his Mesoamerican realm.
“One of the rare academic studies admitting that the Olmecs were negroid Africans was “Africa and the Discovery of America” by Leo Wiener, professor of Slavic and other languages at Harvard University.
“…More than half a century had to pass before another major academic study, “Unexpected Faces in Ancient America” by Alexander von Wuthenau, tackled the problem head on… he surmised that the first links between the Old and New World developed during the reign of the Egyptian Pharaoh Ramses III (twelfth century B.C.) and that the Olmecs were Kushites from Nubia (Egypt’s principal source of gold). Some other black Africans, he felt, could have come over on “Phoenician and Jewish ships” between 500 B.C. and A.D. 200…
“…This conclusion was prompted by the notion that the giant Olmec heads were from about that time; but now we know that Olmec beginnings go back to circa 2000 B.C. Who, then, were these Africans?
“…When one compares the faces on the colossal Olmec heads with those of West Africans (as this one of Nigeria’s leader, General J.B. Banagida) (appearing in book), the gap of thousands of years is bridged by the obvious similarity.
Mr Sitchin compares these colossal heads to West Africans. The similarity with the Nigerian leader J.B. Banagida is outstanding.
Nigerian leader J.B. Banagida
“It is from that part of Africa that Thoth could have brought over his followers expert in mining, for it is there that gold and tin, and copper to alloy bronze with, have been abundant. Nigeria has been renowned for its bronze figurines – cast in the telltale Lost Wax process – for millennia; recent research has carbon-dated some of the sites, in which the most ancient ones have been found to date to about 2100 B.C.
“…In time, as we have shown, these operations and the miners, the Olmecs, moved south, first to Mexico’s Pacific shores, then across the isthmus into northern South America, their ultimate destination was the Chavin area; there they met the gold miners of Adad, the people of the golden wand.
Ruins of Copper Mine, facing the Caribbean Sea.
Tulum Ruins, Ancient Mayan, on the Coast of the Caribbean Sea.
“The golden age of the New Realms did not last forever. Olmec sites in Mexico underwent destruction; the Olmecs themselves and their companions met a brutal end. Mochica pottery depicts enslaving giants and winged gods warring with metal blades. The Ancient Empire witnessed tribal clashes and invasions. And in the highlands of Titicaca, Aymara legends recalled invaders who marched up the mountains from the sea coast and slew the white men who were still there.
“Were these reflections of the conflicts among the Anunnaki, in which they increasingly involved Mankind? Or did it all begin to happen after the gods had left – sailing off upon the sea, ascending heavenward?
“Whichever way it happened, it is certain that in time the links between the Old Realms and the New Realms were broken off. In the Old World the Americas became only a dim memory – hints by this or that classical writer, tales of Atlantis heard from Egyptian priests, even perplexing maps that trace unknown continents. Was it all myth, were there really lands of gold and tin beyond the Pillars of Hercules? In time, the New Realms became the Lost Realms as far as Westerners were concerned.
“In the New Realms themselves, the golden past became only a legendary memory as the centuries rolled on. But the memories would not die, and the tales persisted – of how it all began and where, of Quetzalcoatl and Viracocha, of how they will one day return.
“As now we find colossal heads, megalithic walls, abandoned sites, a lonely gate with its Weeping God, we must wonder: Were the American peoples right in telling us that these gods were among them, in expecting them to return?
“For until white man came again and only wrought havoc, the people of the Andes, where it all began, could only look at the empty golden enclosures and hope against hope to see once again their winged God of the Golden Tears.