…How did the Pyramid Wars end?
…They ended as historic wars have ended in historic times: with a peace conference; with the gathering of the combatants, as at the Congress of Vienna (1814 – 1815), which redrew the map of Europe after the Napoleonic Wars, or the Paris Peace Conference that ended World War I (1914 -1918) with the Treaty of Versailles.
…The first inkling that the warring Anunnaki had convened in a similar manner some ten thousand years ago comes from the text which George A. Barton found inscribed on a broken clay-cylinder. It was an Akkadian version of a much earlier Sumerian text; and Barton concluded that the clay cylinder was deposited by the ruler Naram-Sin circa 2300 B.C. when this Akkadian king repaired the platform of Enlil’s temple in Nippur.
…In spite of damage to the text, especially at the beginning, it is clear that the leading gods gathered in the aftermath of a great and bitter war. We learn that they convened at the Harsag, Ninharsag’s mountain abode in the Sinai, and that she played the role of peacemaker. Yet she is not treated by the text’s author as a really neutral personage: he repeatedly refers to her by the epithet
Tsir ("Snake"), which stamped her as an Egyptian/Enkite goddess and convey a derogatory connotation.
…The Enlilites’ first reaction to Niharsag’s bold initiative was to accuse her of giving aid and comfort to the "demons." Ninharsag denied the accusation: "My House is pure," she answered. But a god whose identity is unclear challenged her sarcastically; "Is the House which is loftier and brightest of all" – the Great Pyramid – also "pure?"
…"Of that I cannot speak," Ninharsag answered; "its brilliance Gibil is soldiering."
…After the first accusations and explanations wore off some of the bitterness, a symbolic ceremony of forgiveness was performed. It involved two jars holding waters of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, a ceremony of symbolic baptism making Ninharsag welcome again in Mesopotamia. Enlil touched her with his "bright scepter," and the "power of her was not overthrown."
At Harsag, where all the leading gods had gathered for the "peace conference," and after Ninharsag executed a ceremony of her own, incantations, and extolling the virtues of peace:
…Enlil was the first to speak. "Removed is the affliction from the face of the Earth," Enlil declared to Enki; "the Great Weapon is lifted up." He agreed to let Enki regain his abode in Sumer: "the E.DIN shall be a place for thy Holy House," with enough land around to bear fruit for the temple and to have seeded fields.
…On hearing this Ninurta objected. "Let it not come!" the "prince of Enlil" shouted.
Ninharsag intervened again, and eventually the negotiations could proceed.
…And we pick up the tale of the unprecedented encounter between the two warring gods from the text I Sing the Song of the Mother of Gods. First to address the assembled Anunnaki was Enki:
Enki addressed to Enlil words of lauding:
"O one who is foremost among the brothers
Bull of Heaven, who the fate of Mankind holds:
In my lands, desolation is widespread;
All the dwellings are filled with sorrow
by your attacks."
…The first item of the agenda was thus the cessation of hostilities – peace on Earth – and Enlil readily agreed, on condition that the territorial disputes be brought to an end and the lands rightfully belonging to the Enlilites and the people of the line of Shem be vacated by the Enkites. Enki agreed to cede forever these territories:
"I will grant thee the ruler’s position
in the gods’ Restricted Zone;
The Radiant Place, in thy hand I will entrust!"
…In so ceding the Restricted Zone (the Sinai peninsula with its Spaceport) and the Radiant Place (the site of Mission Control Center, the future Jerusalem) Enki had a firm condition. In return for granting Enlil and his offspring eternal rights to those lands and vital sites, the sovereignty of Enki and his descendants over the Giza complex had to be recognized for all time.
…Enlil agreed but not without a condition: the sons of Enki who had brought about the war and used the Great Pyramid for combat purposes should be barred for ruling over Giza, or over the whole of Lower Egypt, for that matter.
Enki announced his decision and made lord of Giza and Lower Egypt, a young son of his, whom he named with the exalted title NIN.GISH.ZI.DA ("Lord of the Artifact of Life")
…Who was Ningishzidda? Scholars find the information concerning him meager and confusing… our own conclusion is that he was indeed a son of Enki, conceived during Enki’s and Ereshkigal stormy voyage to the Lower World. As such, he was acceptable to both sides as guardian of the secrets of the pyramid.
…What did the Egyptians called this son of Enki/Ptah? Their "god of the cord who measures the Earth" was Thoth; he was (as the Tales of the Magicians related) the one appointed to be guardian of the secrets of the Giza pyramids. It was Thoth, according to Manetho, who replaced Horus on the throne of Egypt; it happened circa 8670 B.C. – just at the time when the Second Pyramid War had ended. Having thus settled the disputes between them, the Great Anunnaki turned to the affairs of mankind.
…As one reads the ancient words it becomes clear that this peace conference dealt not only with the cessation of hostilities and the drawing of binding territorial lines; it also laid the plans for the manner in which the lands would be settled by mankind! We read that Enki "before the feet of the adversary [Enlil] laid the cities that were allotted to him"; Enlil, in turn, "before the feet of his adversary [Enki] the land Sumer he laid out."
…And with all these matters settled, Enki and his sons departed for their African domains.
But among Enlil’s direct heirs there was dispute….
…We learn that at that crucial moment, the rivalry between Ninurta – the legal heir, being the son of Enlil by his half-sister – and Nannar, the first born of Enlil by his official spouse Ninlil, had broken out in full force. Enlil, we are told, contemplated favorably the attributes of Nannar: "A firstborn… of beautiful countenance, perfect of limbs, wise without compare." Enlil, "him loved" because he gave him the two all important grandchildren, the twins Utu/Shamash and Inanna/Ishtar, he called Nannar SU.EN – "Multiplying Lord" – an endearing epithet from which there stemmed the Akkadian/Semitic name for Nannar: Sin. But as much as Enlil had favored Nannar, the fact was that it was Ninurta who was the legal heir, he was "Enlil’s foremost warrior," and he led the Enlilites to victory.
…Could one ever imagine, in those far-reaching decisions that were to affect the fate of gods and men for millennia to come, that the female spouses had played such a decisive role? We read of Ningal coming to the aid of her husband (Sin); we see Ninlil being enlisted in persuading the wavering Enlil. But then there entered the scene yet another great goddess – and by her words achieved an unintended decision…
…As Enlil was urged by Ninlil to "follow your heart" rather than his mind, to prefer the firstborn over the legal heir…
At Ninurta’s protests:
…we learn that Ninharsag threw in her weight behind her son Ninurta…
…But Ninharsag’s appeal was ill-worded. She meant to appeal as Enlil’s sister in behalf of the child (Ninurta) she bore him; but her call sounded like an appeal to Enki. Enraged, Enlil shouted at her: "Who is this brother of yours that you call? This brother, who an infant made you carry?" And he made a decision favoring the line of Sin. Ever since then, and to this very day, the Land of the Spaceport has been known as Sin’s land – Sinai peninsula.
…As his final act Enlil appointed Sin’s son as the commander of the Mission Control Center:
He called in Shamash
The grandchild of Ninlil.
He took him [by the hand];
In Shulim he placed him.
…Jerusalem – Ur-Shulim, the "City of Shulim" – was given to Shamash to command. Its name, SHU.LIM, meant "The supreme Place of the Four Regions," applied to it, possibly the forerunner of the Jewish emblem called the Star of David.
…Replacing the pre-Diluvial Nippur as the post-Diluvial Mission Control Center, Jerusalem also acquired Nippur‘s former title of being the Navel of the Earth – the central point in the Divine Grid that made the comings and goings between Earth and
Nibiru possible. Emulating the concentric pre-Diluvial plan based on Nippur, the site selected for the "Navel of the Earth" – Mount Moriah – was located on the middle line, the Landing Path, within the Landing Corridor; it was equidistant from the Landing Platform in Baalbek and the Spaceport itself.
…The two anchors of the Landing Corridor also had to be equidistant from Mission Control Center; but here there was a need to make a change in the original plans, for the previous artificially constructed "House Which Is Like a Mountain" – the Great Pyramid – was stripped of its crystals and equipment and was rendered useless by Ninurta… still precisely on the northwestern corridor line but north of Giza, a new Beacon City, the Egyptians called it the City of Anu… the Greeks, millennia later called the place Heliopolis…
Heliopolis, the City of Anu.
…The shifting of the beacon site at the northwestern anchor of the Landing corridor from Giza to Heliopolis also required a shift in the southeastern anchor, to keep the two anchors equidistant from Mount Moriah… Mount Umm-Shumar was found precisely on the Corridor line…
…The construction, manning, and operation of the aerospace facilities in Tilmun and Canaan required new supply routes and protective outposts. The sea lane to Tilmun was improved by the establishment of a port city ("Tilmun City," as distinguished from the "Land Tilmun") on the eastern shore of the Red Sea, probably where the port city of el-Tor still exists. It also led, we believe, to the establishments of the world’s oldest town: Jericho, which was dedicated to Sin (Yeriho in Hebrew) and his celestial symbol, the Moon.
…The age of Jericho has been an enigma that has continually baffled the scholars. They broadly divide man’s advancement (which spread from the Near East) into the Mesolithic ("Middle Stone") Age, which saw the introduction of agriculture and animal domestication circa 11,000 B.C.; a Neolithic ("New Stone") Age 3,600 later, bringing with it villages and pottery; and then, finally, Sumer’s urban civilization, again 3,600 years later. Yet there was Jericho, an urban site occupied and built by unknowns sometime circa 8500 B.C., when man had not yet learned to lead even a village life…
Jericho… was protected by a massive wall that surrounded the town (millennia before Joshua!).
…Who could have built this advanced town so early, who had come to live in such a place, and whom it served as a fortified store city?
…The solution to this enigma lies, in our opinion, in the chronology of the "gods," not of men. It lies in the fact that the incredible first urban settlement in Jericho (from circa 8500 B.C. to 7000 B.C.) exactly matches the period which, according to Manetho, encompassed the reign of Thoth in Egypt (from about 8670 to 7100 B.C.) His accession, as we have seen from the Mesopotamian texts, followed the Peace Conference.
…The period the Egyptians associated with the reign of Thoth was a time of peace among the gods, when the Anunnaki first and foremost established settlements relating to the construction and the protection of the new space facilities.
…The sea lane to Egypt and Tilmun, via the Red Sea, had to be augmented by a land route that could connect Mesopotamia with the Mission Control Center and the Spaceport.
…The most vital of these, the one that led directly to Mission Control Center in Jerusalem, was the crossing point at Jericho. It was there that the Israelites crossed the Jordan into the Promised Land. It was there, we suggest, that millennia earlier the Anunnaki established a town to guard the crossing point and to supply the travelers with provisions for the continued journey. Until man made Jericho his home, it was an outpost of the gods.
…Would the Anunnaki have built a settlement only on the west side of the Jordan, leaving the more vital eastern side, where the King’s Highway ran, unprotected? It stands to reason that a settlement should have existed on the opposite, eastern side of the Jordan, too.
…The puzzling place with outstanding remains, was first unearthed in 1929 by an archaeological mission organized by the Vatican’s Pontifical Biblical Institute. The archaeologists, led by Alexis Mallon, were surprised by the high level of civilization found there… The place is named after the mound where it was found – Tel Ghassul.
…The principal remains uncovered at Tel Ghassul cover a period when it was occupied by highly advanced settlers from before 4000 B.C. to circa 2000 B.C. (when it was abruptly abandoned).
Several details of
Tel Ghassul (Teleilat el-Ghassul) are given in the book, but among the most prominent findings were the painted murals:
…The archaeologists who had discovered these murals during the 1931-32 and 1932-33 excavations theorized that the rayed object (on a mural, from which a depiction of a person whom apparently had stepped out of an object emitting rays) might have been similar to a most unusual rayed "star" found painted in another building. It was an eight-pointed "star" within a larger eight-pointed "star," culminating in a burst of eight rays (below image). The precise design, employing a variety of geometric shapes, was artificially executed in black, red, white, gray, and combinations thereof; a chemical analysis of the paints used showed that they were not natural substances but sophisticated compounds of twelve to eighteen minerals.
Tel Ghassul (Teleilat el-Ghassul) painted mural.
…There is no evidence of any religious worship whatsoever, no "cult objects," statuettes of gods, etc… This, we suggest, indicates that it was inhabited not by worshippers but by those who were the subject of worshipping: the "gods" of antiquity, the Anunnaki.
…In fact, we have come upon a similar design in Washington, D.C. It can be seen in the foyer of the headquarters of the National Geographic Society: a floor mosaic of a compass denoting the Society’s interest in the four corners of the Earth and their intermediate points (east, northeast; north, northwest; west, southwest; south, southeast). It was this we believe, that the design’s ancient painters, too, had in mind: to indicate their, and the place’s association with the four regions of the Earth.
At Tell Ghassul‘s murals there were also depictions of the already described (in previous books) "Whirlwinds" of the Near Eastern texts… the "Flying Saucers" of the Anunnaki?
…The Tell Ghassul/Jericho crossing point played important and miraculous roles in several biblical events in the site. It was there that the prophet Elijah crossed the river (to its eastern bank) in order to keep an appointment – at Tell Ghassul? – to be taken aloft by "a chariot of fire… in a Whirlwind." It was in that area that at the end of the Israelite Exodus from Egypt, Moses (having been denied by the Lord entry into Canaan proper),
"went up from the plain of Moab" – the area of Tell Ghassul – "unto the Mount of Nebo, to its uppermost peak, which overlooked Jericho; and the Lord showed him all the land: the Gilead up to Dan, and the land of Naphtali and the land of Ephraim and Manasseh and the whole land of Judea, unto the Mediterranean; and the Negeb and the plain valley of Jericho, the city of datepalms."
It is a description of a view as encompassing as that seen by the archaeologists who stood atop Tell Ghassul.
…Indeed, the Old Testament clearly states that there had been in earlier times settlements of the Anunnaki at the vital approaches to the Sinai peninsula and Jerusalem. Hebron, the city guarding the route between Jerusalem and the Sinai, "was called earlier Kiryat Arba ("Stronghold of Arba"), a Great Man ("king") among the Anakim he was" (Joshua 14:15). The descendants of the Anakim, we are further told, were still residing in the area during the Israelite conquest of Canaan; and there are numerous other biblical references to abodes of the Anakim on the east side of the Jordan.
…Who were these Anakim? The term is commonly translated "giants," just as the biblical term Nefilim had been translated. But we have already shown conclusively that by Nefilim ("Those Who Had Come Down") the Old Testament had referred to the "People of the Rocketships."
…The Anakim, we suggest were none other than the Anunnaki.
…"No one had hitherto paid any particular attention to the count of 3,650 years which Manetho assigned to the reign of the "demigods" who belonged to the dynasty of Thoth. We, however, find the figure highly significant, for it defers but by 50 years from the 3,600-year orbit of Nibiru, the home planet of the Anunnaki.
…We can assume that at each of these intervals the fate of mankind and the god’s relations with it were discussed by the Great Anunnaki, the "seven who decree." We know for sure that such a deliberation had taken place prior to the sudden and otherwise inexplicable blooming of the Sumerian civilization, for the Sumerians have left us records of such discussions!
…When the reconstruction of Sumer began, first to have been rebuilt on its soil were the Olden Cities but no longer as exclusive Cities of the Gods; for mankind was now allowed into these urban centers to tend the surrounding fields, orchards and cattlefolds in behalf of the gods, and to be in the service of the gods in all conceivable manners: not only as cooks and bakers, artisans and clothiers, but also as priests, musicians, entertainers, and temple prostitutes.
…First to be established was Eridu. Having been Enki’s first settlement on Earth, it was given to him anew in perpetuity…
For Enlil and Ninlil Nippur was reestablished… this time equipped not as Mission Control Center but with awesome weapons: "the Lifted Eye which scans the land"; and "the Lifted Beam," which penetrates all. Their sacred area also housed Enlil’s "fast-stepping Bird" whose "grasp no one could escape."
At this stage, a gathering of the Great Anunnaki took place, to which Anu and Antu his spouse attended, coming from Nibiru. With great pomposity they were received, presented to their new abode on Earth: E.ANNA – "House of Anu." After deliberating the fate for mankind, and after Anu and Antu departed for Nibiru, the need to give mankind "Kingship" was decided. Reaching to the tales of The Tower of Babel, Mr. Sitchin concludes this chapter:
…It is undoubtedly an Akkadian version of the Sumerian tale of the Tower of Babel; and it is clear from it that the incident was brought about not by mankind but by the gods themselves. Mankind was only a pawn in the struggle.
…As the sinful work came to the attention of "the lord of the Pure Mound" – already identified as Enlil in the Cattle and Grain tale – Enlil "to Heaven on Earth spoke… He lifted his heart to the Lord of the Gods, Anu, his father, to receive a command his heart requested. At that time he also lifted up [his heart? voice?] to Damkina." We well know that she was the mother of Marduk; so all the clues point to him as the instigator…
The Tower of Babel was destroyed, in his anger, by Enlil, and the people was filled with confusion.
…The ancient Mesopotamian scribe ended the tale of the Tower of Babel with a bitter memory. Because they "against the gods revolted with violence, violently they wept for Babylon, very much they wept."
The biblical version also names Babel (Hebrew for Babylon) as the place where the incident had occurred. The name is significant, for in its original Akkadian – Bab-Ili – it meant "Gateway of the Gods," the place by which the gods were to enter and leave Sumer…
…The biblical and Mesopotamian texts – undoubtedly based on an original Sumerian chronicle – thus relate the same incident: Marduk’s frustrated attempt to prevent the transfer of kingship from Kish to Erech and Ur – cities destined to be power centers of Nannar/Sin and his children – and to seize suzerainty for his own city, Babylon.
…By this attempt, however, Marduk started a change of events replete with tragedies.