Chapter 7: When Earth Was Divided

…And the sons of Noah that came out of the Ark were Shem, Ham and Japhet… these were the three sons of Noah of whom all the Earth was overspread.

…Thus is the biblical tale of the Deluge followed by the recital of the Table of Nations (Genesis 10), a unique document, at first doubted by scholars because it listed then unknown nation states, then taken apart critically, and finally – after a century and a half of archaeological discoveries – amazing in its accuracy. It is a document that holds a wealth of reliable historical, geographical, and political information concerning the rise of mankind’s remnants from the mud and desolation following the Deluge, to the heights of civilizations and empires.

Mr. Sitchin at this point goes through the descendants of the three sons, making some interesting points:

…Leaving the all important line of Shem to the last, the Table of Nations begins with the descendants of Japhet (“The Fair One”) and calls attention to:

While the later generations had thus spread to coastal areas and islands, the unnoticed fact was that all the first seven nations/sons corresponded to the highlands of Asia Minor, The Black Sea and the Caspian Sea areas – highlands that were habitable soon after the Deluge, unlike the lower coastal areas and islands that could become habitable only much later.

…The descendants of Ham (“He Who is Hot” and also “The Dark-Hued One”)… correspond to the African nation-lands of Nubia, Ethiopia, Egypt, and Lybia as the core nations of African resettlement, again beginning with the topographically higher areas, then spreading to the lowlands.

…And Shem, the father of all who descended of Eber, also had offspring; he was the elder brother of Japhet. The first nation-sons of Shem were “Elam and Ashur, Arpakhshad and Lud and Aram,” nation-states that encompassed the highlands arching from the Persian Gulf in the south to the Mediterranean Sea in the northwest and bordering the great Land-Between-the-Rivers, which was as yet not habitable. Those were the lands one could call the Spaceport Lands:

  • Mesopotamia, where the pre-Diluvial spaceport had been
  • the Cedar Mountain, where the Landing Place remained functioning
  • the Land of Shalem, where the post-Diluvial Mission Control Center was to be established
  • the adjoining Sinai peninsula, site of the future spaceport

…The name of the forefather of all these nations, Shem – meaning “Sky Chamber” – was thus quite appropriate.

…The broad division of mankind into three branches, as related in the Bible, followed not only the geography and topography of the areas to which man had spread, it also followed the division of the Earth between the descendants of Enlil and the descendants of Enki.

…Scholars have recognized an abrupt change in human culture about 11,000 B.C. – the time of the Deluge, according to our findings – and have named that era of domestication Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age). Circa 7400 B.C. – exactly 3,600 years later – another abrupt advancement has been recognized. Scholars have named it Neolithic (“New Stone Age”); but its principal feature was the switch from stone to clay and the appearance of pottery. And then, “suddenly and inexplicable” – but exactly 3,600 years later – there blossomed out (circa 3800 B.C.) in the plain between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers the high civilization of Sumer. It was followed, circa 3100 B.C., by the civilization of the Nile River; and circa 2800 B.C., the third civilization of antiquity, that of the Indus River, made its appearance. These were the three regions allotted to mankind; of them evolved the nations of the Near East, Africa, and Indo-Europe – a division faithfully recorded in the Old Testament’s Table of Nations [1].

…All that, Sumerian chronicles held, was the result of deliberate decisions by the Anunnaki:

The Anunnaki who decree the fates
sat exchanging their counsels
regarding the Earth.
The four regions they created.

…Three regions were allotted to mankind’s three civilizations; the fourth was retained by the Anunnaki for their own use. It was given the name TIL.MUN, “Land of the Missiles.” in The Stairway to Heaven we provided the evidence identifying Tilmun with the Sinai peninsula.

…Although as far as human habitation was concerned, it was the descendants of Shem – “Sand Dwellers” in Egyptian scriptures – who would reside in the unrestricted areas of the peninsula, when it came to allotting the territory among the Anunnaki, profound differences arose. Control of the site of the post Diluvial spaceport was tantamount to control all the links between Earth and Nibiru, as the experiences with Kumarbi and Zu had so clearly shown. In the rekindled rivalry between the clans of Enlil and Enki, a neutral authority over the Land of the Missiles was called for.

…The solution was ingenious. Of equal lineage with them was their sister Sud. As a daughter of Anu, she bore the title NIN.MAH (“Great Lady”). She was one of the original group of Great Anunnaki who were pioneers on Earth, a member of the Pantheon of Twelve. She bore a son to Enlil, a daughter to Enki, and was lovingly called Mammi (“Mother of the Gods”). She helped create Man. With her medical skills she saved many a life and was also known as NIN.TI (“Lady Life). But she never had her own dominion. To make Tilmun her domain was an idea that no one opposed.

…But although an abode was made for Sud in one of Mesopotamian’s rebuilt sites, she decided to go and take personal possession of the mountainous region. With all her attributes of status and knowledge, she always played secondary role. When she came to Earth she was young and beautiful; now she was old and nicknamed “The Cow” behind her back. So now that she was given her own domain, she decided to go there. Proudly she declared,

“A Mistress I am now! Alone will I stay there, reigning for ever!”

…Unable to dissuade her, Ninurta applied his experience in damming and channeling waters to make his mother’s new mountain region livable… tablet IX of the Feats and exploits of Ninurta:

Since you, noble lady,
alone to the Land of Landing had gone,
Since to the Land of Casting Down
unafraid you went –
A dam I shall heap up for you,
so that the Land may have a mistress.

Its valleys shall be verdant with vegetation,
Its slopes shall produce honey and wine for you,

Shall produce… zabalum-trees and boxwood;
its terraces shall be adorned with fruit as a garden;
The Harsag shall provide you with the fragrance of the gods, shall provide you with the shiny lodes;
Its mines will as tribute copper and tin give you;
Its mountains shall multiply cattle large and small;
The Harsag shall bring forth the four-legged creature.

…This is indeed a befitting description of the Sinai peninsula: a land of mines, a major source in antiquity of copper, turquoise, and other minerals; a source of the acacia wood, which was used for temple furnishings; a verdant place wherever water was available; a place where flocks could graze. Is it an accident that the principal winter-river of the peninsula is still called el Arish – “The Husbandman” – the very nickname (Urash) of Ninurta?

…Making a home for his mother in the Sinai’s southern region of high granite peaks, Ninurta bestowed on her a new title: NIN.HAR.SAG (“The Lady of the Head Mountain”); it was the title by which Sud was to be called ever since.

…To understand the grand post-Diluvial design, we must first review the manner in which the pre-Diluvial spaceport and its Landing Corridor were developed.


The pre-diluvial spaceport and its Landing Corridor.

…the Anunnaki first selected as their focal point the twin-peaked Mount Ararat…

…The next natural features were the Euphrates River and the Persian Gulf…

…Drawing an imaginary north-south line from Mount Ararat, the Anunnaki determined that the spaceport shall be where the line intercepted the river…

…Then, diagonally to it from the direction of the Persian Gulf – at a precise angle of forty-five degrees – they drew the Landing Path…

…They then laid out their first settlements so as to mark out a Landing Corridor on both sides of the Landing Path…

…In the center point, Nippur was established as a Mission Control Center;

…All the other settlements were equidistant from it.

…The post-Diluvial space facilities were planned on the same principles.

The reader can review the building of the post-Diluvial Spaceport and Landing Corridor in Chapter 12 of this book, The Gaze of the Sphinx.

…By suggesting that the great pyramids of Giza were not built by Pharaohs but by the Anunnaki millennia earlier, we of course contradict long-held theories concerning these pyramids.

…The theory of nineteenth-century Egyptologists, that the Egyptian pyramids, including the unique three of Giza, were erected by a succession of Pharaohs as grandiose tombs for themselves, has long been disproven: no one of them was found to contain the body of the Pharaoh who was their known or presumed builder.

…For a while it was believed that proof had been found in the smaller one of the three pyramids of Giza and the identity of the Pharaoh who had built it established. The credit for this was claimed by a Colonel Howard Vyse and his two assistants, who claimed to have discovered within the pyramid the coffin and mummified remains of the Pharaoh Menkara. The fact, however – known to scholars for some time now but for some reason still hardly publicized – is that neither the wooden coffin nor the skeletal remains were authentic. Someone – undoubtedly that Colonel Vyse and his cronies – had brought into the pyramid a coffin dating from about 2,000 years after Menkara had lived, and bones from the even much later Christian times, and put the two together in an unabashed archaeological fraud.

Earlier, Mr. Sitchin explained that inscriptions of the supposed Pharaoh to have built the pyramid (Pharaoh Khufu – Cheops) had been “discovered,” but these also proved to be a forgery. He continues:

…In The Stairway to Heaven we have put together substantial evidence to show that the inscription was a forgery, perpetrated by its “discoverers.” At the end of 1983, a reader of that book came forward to provide us with family records showing that his great-grandfather, a master mason named Humphries Brewer, who was engaged by Vyse to help use gunpowder to blast its way inside the pyramid, was an eyewitness to the forgery and, having objected to the deed, was expelled from the site and forced to leave Egypt altogether!

…In The Stairway to Heaven we have shown that Khufu could not have been the builder of the Great Pyramid because he had already referred to it as existing in his time in a stela he had erected near the pyramids; even the Sphinx, supposedly erected by next-after successor of Khufu, is mentioned in that inscription.

…The whole Giza complex – pyramids and Sphinx – had thus already existed when kingship began in Egypt; its builders were not and could not have been the Pharaohs of the sixth dynasty.

…The other pyramids of Egypt – smaller, primitive by comparison, some fallen even before completion, all crumbling – had indeed been built by various Pharaohs; not as tombs, nor as cenotaphs (monumental symbolic tombs), but in emulation of the gods. For it was held and believed in antiquity that the Giza pyramids and the Sphinx that accompanies them show the way to the Stairway to Heaven – the Spaceport – in the Sinai peninsula.

…The three pyramids of Giza, we have concluded, were built by first erecting the smaller Third Pyramid as a scale model. Then, in keeping with the preference for twin-peaked focal points, the two large pyramids were erected, although the Second Pyramid is smaller than the Great Pyramid, it appears to be of the same height; this is because it is built on somewhat higher ground, so that to achieve the same height, it need not to be as tall as the first one.

…Apart from its incomparable size, the Great Pyramid is also unique in that, in addition to the descending passage that is found in all the other pyramids, it has a unique Ascending Passage, a level Corridor, two Upper Chambers, and a series of narrow compartments. The uppermost chamber is reached via an incredibly elaborate Grand Gallery and an Antechamber that could be sealed with one pull of a cord. The uppermost chamber contained – still does – an unusual hollowed-out stone block whose fashioning required amazing technology and which rang out as a bell; above the chamber are the narrow series of low and ragged spaces, offering extreme resonance.

…What was the purpose of all that?

…When Mesopotamia was reinhabited and Nippur was reestablished, the abode of Enlil and Ninlil there was a large temple surrounded by courtyards, with gates through which the worshippers could enter. It was no longer forbidden territory; the space-related functions, as the Spaceport itself, had shifted elsewhere.

…Not recognizing the immense antiquity of the Giza pyramids or the identity of their true builders, scholars have also been puzzled by this apparent reference to an Ekur (“House Which is Like a Mountain”) far from Sumer. Indeed, if one is to follow accepted interpretations of Mesopotamian texts, no one in Mesopotamia was ever aware of the existence of the Egyptian pyramids. None of the Mesopotamian kings who invaded Egypt, none of the merchants who traded with her, none of the emissaries who had visited there – not one of them had noticed these colossal monuments…

…Could that be possible?

…We suggest that the Giza monuments were known in
Sumer and Akkad. We suggest that the Great Pyramid was the post-Diluvial Ekur, of which the Mesopotamian texts did speak at length, (as we shall show soon). And we suggest that ancient Mesopotamian drawings depicted the pyramids during their construction and after they had been completed!

…We have already shown how the Mesopotamian “pyramids” – the ziggurats or stage-towers – looked like. We find completely different structures on some of the most archaic Sumerian depictions. In some we see the construction of a structure with a square base and triangular sides – a smooth-sided pyramid. Other descriptions show a completed pyramid with the serpent symbol clearly locating it in an Enki territory. And yet another endows the completed pyramid with wings, to indicate its space-related function. This depiction, of which several were found, shows the pyramid together with other amazingly accurate features: a crouching Sphinx facing toward the Place of Reeds; another Sphinx on the other side of the Lake of Reeds, supporting the suggestion in Egyptian texts that there was another, facing the Sphinx in the Sinai peninsula. Both the pyramid and the Sphinx near it are located by a river, as the Giza complex is indeed located by the
. And beyond all that is the body of water on which the horned gods are sailing, just as the Egyptians had said that their gods had from the south, via the Red Sea.

…The inevitable conclusion, then, is that the Great Pyramid was known in Mesopotamia, if for no other reason than because it was built by the same Anunnaki who had built the original Ekur in Nippur, and likewise and quite logically, it, too, was called by them E.KUR – “House Which is Like a Mountain.” Like its predecessor, the Great Pyramid of Giza was built with mysterious dark chambers and was equipped with instruments for guiding the shuttlecraft to the post-Diluvial Spaceport in the Sinai. And, to assure its neutrality, the Pyramid was put under the patronage of Ninharsag.

…Our solution gives meaning to an otherwise enigmatic poem exalting Ninharsag as mistress of the “House With a Pointed Peak” – a pyramid:

House bright and dark of Heaven and Earth,
for the rocketships put together;
E.KUR, House of the Gods with pointed peak;
For Heaven-to-Earth it is greatly equipped.
House whose interior glows with a reddish Light of Heaven,
pulsating a beam which reaches far and wide;
Its awesomeness touches the flesh.
Awesome ziggurat, lofty mountain of mountains –
Thy creation is great and lofty,
men cannot understand it.

…The function of this “House of the Gods with Pointed Peak” is then made clear: it was a “House of Equipment” serving to “bring down to rest” the astronauts “who see and orbit,” a “great landmark for the lofty Shems” (the “sky chambers”):

House of Equipment, lofty house of Eternity:
Its foundation are stones [which reach] the water;
Its great circumference is set in the clay.

House whose parts are skillfully woven together;
House, the rightness of whose howling
The Great-Ones-Who-See-and-Orbit brings down the rest…
Mountain by which Utu ascends.
[House] whose deep insides men cannot penetrate…
Anu has magnified it.

In the book, more descriptions of several parts of the pyramid are given, followed by,

…the laudatory text provides information regarding the functions and location of the structure:

On this day the Mistress herself speaks truly;
The Goddess of the Rocketships , the Pure Great Lady, praises herself:
“I am the Mistress, Anu has determined my destiny;
the daughter of Anu am I.
Enlil has added to me a great destiny;
his sister-princess am I.
The gods have given unto my hand
the pilot-guiding instruments of Heaven-Earth;
Mother of the sky-chambers am I.

Ereshkigal allotted to me the place-of-opening
of the pilot-guiding instruments;
The great landmark,
the mountain by which Utu rises,
I have established as my dais.”

…Ninharsag… to the Egyptians she was known as Hat-hor. Textbooks will tell us that the name means “House of Horus”; but that is only superficially correct. The reading stems from the hieroglyphic writing of the name depicting a house and a falcon, the falcon having been the symbol of Horus because he could soar as a falcon. What the goddess’s name literally meant was: “Goddess Whose Home is Where the ‘Falcons’ Are,” where the astronauts make their home: Spaceport.

…All the temples and stelas erected by Egyptian Pharaohs in the peninsula were dedicated exclusively to this goddess. And, like Ninharsag in her later years, Hathor, too, was nicknamed “The Cow” and was depicted with Cow’s horns.

…But was Hathor also – as we have claimed for Ninharsag – Mistress of the Great Pyramid? That, amazingly but not surprisingly, she was.

The Inventory Stela states:

Live Horus Mezdau.
To king of Upper and Lower Egypt, Khufu,
Life is given!
He founded the House of Isis, Mistress of the Pyramid
beside the House of the Sphinx.


The Inventory Stela.

…At his time, then, Isis (the wife of Osiris and the mother of Horus) was considered to have been the “Mistress of the Pyramid”

…But as the continuing inscription makes clear, she was not the pyramid’s first mistress:

Live Horus Mezdau.
To king of Upper and Lower Egypt, Khufu,
Life is given!
For his divine mother Isis,
Mistress of the “The Western Mountain of Hathor,”
he made [this] writing on a stela.

…Thus, was not only the Pyramid a “Mountain of Hathor” – the exact parallel of the Sumerian “House Which is Like a Mountain” – but also it was her western mountain, implying that she also had an eastern one. That, we know from the Sumerian sources, was the Har-Sag, the highest peak in the Sinai peninsula.

…In spite of the rivalry and suspicions between the two divine dynasties, there is little doubt that the works of constructing the Spaceport and the control and guidance facilities fell into the hands of Enki and his descendants. Ninurta proved himself capable of damming and irrigation works: Utu/Shamash knew how to command and operate the landing and take-off facilities; but only Enki, the master engineer and scientist who had been through all this before, had the require know-how and experience for planning the massive construction works and supervising their execution.

…There is not even a hint in Sumerian texts that describe the achievements of Ninurta and Utu that either one of them had planned or engaged in space-related construction works. When Ninurta, in later times, called upon a Sumerian king to build him a ziggurat with a special enclosure for his Divine Bird, it was another god, accompanying Ninurta, who gave the king the architectural plans and building instructions. On the other hand, several texts reported that Enki had passed to his son Marduk the scientific knowledge he had possessed. The texts report a conversation between father and son, after Marduk had approached his father with a difficult question:

Enki answered his son Marduk:
“My son, what is it you do not know?
What more could I give to you?
Marduk, what is it that you do not know?
What could I give you in addition?
Whatever I know, you know!”

…Since the similarities between Ptah and Enki as the father, and Marduk and Ra as the son, are so strong, we should not be surprised at all to find that Egyptian texts did connect Ra with space facilities and with related construction works. In this he was assisted by Shu and Tefnut, Geb and Nut, and Thoth the god of magical things. The Sphinx, the “divine guide” that showed the way eastward exactly along the 30th parallel, bore the features of Hor-Akhti (“Falcon of the Horizon”) the epithet for Ra.

This chapter concludes, after Mr. Sitchin relates another Egyptian tale of Pharaoh Khufu, his three sons and the “secret of the Chambers of Thoth” in the Great Pyramid (already blocked and hidden in Khufu’s time!) When Khufu, through a sage found out he could not open the Chamber, but one of his future descendants would, decreed so by Ra, Khufu then built, near the Sphinx, a temple dedicated to the Mistress of the Pyramid.

…The circle of evidence is thus complete. Sumerian and Egyptian texts confirm each other and our conclusions:

The same neutral goddess was the mistress of Sinai’s highest peak and of the artificial mountain erected in Egypt, both to serve as anchors of the Landing Corridor.

…But the Anunnaki’s desire to keep the Sinai peninsula and its facilities neutral did not prevail for long. Rivalry and love tragically combined to upset the status quo; and the divided Earth was soon embroiled in the Pyramid Wars.


  1. Old Testament’s Table of Nations

Continue to Chapter 8: The Pyramid Wars


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