Chapter 6: In The Days Before The Deluge

…"I understand the enigmatic words in the stone carvings from the days before the Deluge. So had stated in a self-laudatory inscription, the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal. Indeed, throughout the diversified literature on ancient Mesopotamia, there were scattered references to a deluge that had swept over Earth…

…Moreover, even the single sentence in Ashurbanipal’s inscription was full of scientific dynamite. He had not only confirmed that there had been a Deluge; he stated that his tutoring by the God of Scribes included the understanding of pre-Diluvial inscriptions, "the enigmatic words in the stone carvings from the days before the Deluge." It could only mean that even before the Deluge there had been scribes and stone carvers, languages and writing – that there had been a civilization in the remote days before the Deluge!

…Yet all these shocking revelations should have been old news to any one who had care to read the Old Testament’s words for what they actually said: that after Earth and the Asteroid Belt (the Raki’a or Heaven of Genesis) had been created, and Earth had taken shape, and life evolved, and "the Adam" created-Man was placed in the Orchard that was in Eden. But through the machinations of a brilliant "Serpent" who dared call the bluff of God, Adam and his female companion Eve acquired certain knowing which they were not supposed to possess. Thereupon, the Lord – speaking to unnamed colleagues – grew concerned that Man, "having become as one of us," might also help himself to the Tree of Life, "and eat, and live forever."

So he drove out the Adam;
And he placed at the east of the Garden of Eden
the Cherubim, and the Flaming Sword which revolveth,
to guard the way to the Tree of Life.

Mr. Sitchin then mentions the ten generations which followed after Adam and Eve’s third son: Seth.

…And so, through ten generations of pre-Diluvial patriarchs blessed with what scholars call "legendary" life spans, the biblical narrative reaches the momentous event of the Deluge.

…The Deluge is presented in the Book of Genesis as the opportunity seized by the Lord "to destroy the Man whom I had created from the face of the Earth." The ancient authors found it necessary to provide an explanation for such a far-reaching decision. It had to do, we are told, with Man’s sexual perversions, specifically, with the sexual relations between "the daughters of Man" and "the sons of the gods."

…Now, it transpires from four enigmatic verses of Genesis VI that stage the set for the Deluge, that not only were there deities in the plural, but that they even had sons (in the plural). These sons upset the Lord by having sex with the daughters of Man, compounding their sins by having children or demi-gods born from this illicit lovemaking:

And it came to pass
When the Earthlings began to multiply upon the Earth, and daughters were born unto them –
That the sons of the gods saw the daughters of Adam, that they were good;
And they took them for wives, of all which they chose.

…And the Old Testament explains further:

The Nefilim were upon the Earth in those days and thereafter too;
Those sons of the gods who cohabited with the daughters of the Adam,
and they bore children unto them.
They were the Mighty Ones of Eternity, the People of the Shem.

Mr. Sitchin picks up the Sumerian record of 450,000 years ago, which is very well expanded in The Twelfth Planet.

…Astronauts who came from Marduk (Nibiru) in search of gold.
The first landing party of fifty astronauts, called Anunnaki.
The dyking of the waters by Enki, the third most important god.

The construction of a Mission Control Center, to direct rocketships from Earth, with the precious gold cargo, to their mothership and then to be transported to their home planet Nibiru. In charge of this enterprise was Enlil, Enki’s brother and second most important god.

The settlement in South East Africa, where the mines were located and eventually the creation of a "lulu", "primitive worker," after the Anunnaki had complained of too much hard labor working in the mines.

Ninhursag, half-sister of Enlil and Enki, who is also the Nurse who takes part in the creation of Man, for which a "primate from Earth" is chosen to be genetically manipulated.

…All along, the astronauts who had come to Earth were preoccupied with the problem of longevity. Their biological clocks were set for their own planet; the time it took their planet to orbit the sun once, was to them but a single year of their life spans. But in such a single year, Earth orbited the Sun 3,600 times – a span of 3,600 years for Earth-originated life. To maintain their longer cycles on the quick-paced Earth, the astronauts consumed a "Food of Life" and "Water of Life" which were provided from the home planet. At his biological laboratories in Eridu, whose emblem was the sign of the Entwined Serpents, Ea (Enki) tried to unravel the secrets of life, reproduction, death. Why did the children born to the astronauts on Earth aged so much faster than their parents? Why did Apemen live short lives? Why did the hybrid Homo sapiens live much longer than Apeman, but only brief lives compared to the visitors to Earth? Was it environment, or inherit genetic traits?

…Concluding further experiments in genetic manipulation on the hybrids, and using his own sperm, Ea came up with a new "perfect model" of Earthling. Adapa, as Ea had named him, had greater intelligence, he acquired the all-important ability to procreate, but not the longevity of the astronauts.

With wide understanding
he had perfected him …
To him he had given Knowing,
Lasting Life him he did not give.

Enlil was outraged on discovering what Ea had done. It was never intended that Man should be able to procreate like the gods.

From his home planet, "…Anu (the father of the gods) too was perturbed… Let them fetch Adapa hither!" So Adapa was prepared to visit Anu’s abode.

Ea instructed him to avoid the food and water that would be offered to him, for they would contain poison.

…When Anu saw Adapa he was impressed by his intelligence and the extent to which he had learned from Ea "The Plan of Heaven and Earth."

…The decision was to keep Adapa permanently on Marduk. So that he could survive, "the Bread of Life they brought him, and the Water of Life too." But forewarned by Ea, Adapa refused to eat or drink. When his erroneous reasons were discovered, it was too late; his chance to obtain everlasting life was missed.

Adapa was returned to Earth… He was ordained as the High Priest of Eridu

…From then on, Mankind proliferated. The humans were no longer just slaves in the mines of serfs in the fields. They performed all tasks, built "homes" for the gods – we call them "temples" – and quickly learned how to cook, dance and play music for them. It was not long before the young Anunnaki, short of female company of their own, took to having sex with the daughters of Man. Since they were all of the first Seed of Life, and Man was a hybrid created with the genetic "essence" of the Anunnaki, the male astronauts and the female Earthlings discovered that they were biologically compatible; "and children were born unto them."

Enlil viewed these developments with apprehension. The good life seemed to be the main concern of the Anunnaki – and with a race of hybrids to boot!

…Nature, as it were, offered Enlil a chance to put a halt to the deteriorating morals and ethics of the Anunnaki. Earth was entering a new ice age, and the pleasant climate was changing. As it got colder it also became dryer. Rains became less frequent, the river waters sparser. Crops failed, famine spread. Mankind began to undergo great sufferings, daughters hid food from their mothers, mothers ate their young. At the urging of Enlil, the gods refrained from helping Mankind: let them starve, let them be decimated, Enlil decreed.

…In the "Great Below" – in Antarctica – the ice age was also causing changes. From year to year, the ice cap covering the continent at the South Pole grew thicker and thicker.

…From the orbiting shuttlecraft, an alarm was sounded: the ice cap was becoming unstable, if it would happen to slip off the continent into the ocean – an immense tidal wave would engulf all of Earth!

…It was not an idle danger. In the heavens, the Twelfth Planet, was orbiting back to the Place of Crossing, between Jupiter and Mars. As on previous occasions when it neared Earth, its gravitational pull caused earthquakes and other disturbances upon Earth and in its celestial motions. Now, it was calculated, this gravitational pull could well trigger the slippage of the ice cap, and inundate Earth with a global deluge. From this catastrophe, the astronauts themselves could not be immune.

…As preparations were made to assemble all the Anunnaki near the Spaceport, and ready the craft to take them aloft before the tidal wave struck, ruses were employed to keep the approaching catastrophe a secret from Mankind.

Pleas from ZI.U.SUD.RA (as the Sumerians called him) (the biblical Noah) were to no avail. Enlil declared in the Assembly of the gods:

…Let them (Mankind) perish; let the seed of Earthling be wiped off the face of Earth.

…Acting on his own, but mindful of his oath, Ea saw in Ziusudra the chance to save Mankind… Ea gave Ziusudra urgent instructions:

Tear down the house, build a ship!
Give up possessions, seek thou life!
Foreswear belongings, keep soul alive!
Aboard ship take thou the seed of all living things.
This ship thou shall build;
Her dimensions shall be to measure.

…The ship was to be a submersible vessel, a "submarine" that could withstand the avalanche of water…

Ea also provided Ziusudra with a navigator, instructing him to direct the vessel toward the "Mount of Salvation," Mount Ararat; as the highest range in the Near East, its peaks would be the first to emerge from under the waters.

…The Deluge came as expected. "Gathering speed as it blew" from the south, "submerging the mountains, overtaking the people like a battle."

The Anunnaki wept when looking down from their shuttlecraft…

…When the waters subsided and the Anunnaki began to land on Ararat, they were elated to discover that the Seed of Mankind was saved. But as Enlil also arrived, "he was furious to see that a living soul had escaped." It took the pleading of the Anunnaki and the persuasion of Ea, to bring him to their point of view – that if Earth was to be resettled, the services of Man were indispensable.

…It is evident by now that the Sumerian tales of the Gods of Heaven and Earth, of the Creation of Man and of the Deluge, were the fountainhead from which the other nations of the ancient Near East drew their knowledge, beliefs and "myths." We have seen how the Egyptian beliefs matched the Sumerian ones, how their first sacred city was named after An, how the Ben-Ben resembled the Sumerian GIR, and so on.

…The biblical hero of the Deluge, Noah, was the equivalent of the Sumerian Ziusudra (who was called Utnapishtim in the Akkadian version). But while the Sumerians asserted that the hero of the Deluge was made immortal, no such claim is made in the Bible for Noah. The immortalization of Enoch is also given short shrift, quite unlike the detailed Sumerian tale of Adapa or other texts dealing with other Ascents. But this abrupt biblical attitude could not prevent the spread, over the millennia, of legends dealing with the biblical heroes and their sojourn in, or return to, Paradise.

At this point Mr. Sitchin gives a number of books which do not appear in the Bible, in which tales about Adam, Enoch, Noah, Moses, are mentioned, and which are extracts from the Sumerian records:

The Book of Adam and Eve, a composition almost 2000 years old. Book of Jubilees. It was also known in early times as the Apocalypse of Moses, for it allegedly was written down by Moses at Mount Sinai as an angel dictated to him the histories of days past. (Scholars, though, believe that the work was composed in the second century B.C.)

…The various ancient books which show this extra light on the dramatic events in the Days before the Deluge, have been preserved in several versions that are all only translations (direct and indirect) of lost Hebrew originals. Yet their authenticity was confirmed with the renowned discoveries in recent decades of the Dead Sea Scrolls, for among the finds were fragments of scrolls which were undoubtedly parts of the Hebrew originals of such "memoirs of the Patriarchs."

It is from these originals where it is discovered that Genesis VI had wrongly called the sons of the gods: Instead of the wrong term "Watchers" or "giants," the correct translation to the word Nefilim ought to be:

Mighty ones, the People of the Rocketships.

…The Great Anunnaki who decree the fate sat exchanging their counsels regarding the Earth.

…The decision to establish on Earth four Regions was thus coupled with a decision to install intermediaries (priest-kings) between the gods and Mankind; so kingship was again lowered to Earth from Heaven.

Asia and Europe were assigned to Enlil and his offspring; to Ea, Africa was given.

NAN.NAR (Sin in Akkadian), a benevolent god (son of Enlil), he supervised the construction of Sumer, rebuilding pre-diluvial cities at their original sites and establishing new cities.

…A third son to Ea, was named by him after the home planet, MARDUK, and was taught by Ea all knowledge of sciences and astronomy. (Circa 2000 B.C., Marduk usurped the Lordship of Earth and was declared Supreme God of Babylon and of "the Four Quarters of the Earth.") And, as we have seen, a son whose Egyptian name was Ra presided over the core civilization of this Region, the civilization of the Nile Valley.

…The Third Region, as was discovered only some fifty years ago, was in the subcontinent of India. There too, a great civilization arose in antiquity, some 1,000 years after the Sumerian one. It is called the Indus Valley Civilization, and its center was a royal city unearthed at a site called Harappa.

…It was in need of a Spaceport that the Fourth Region was set aside by the Great Anunnaki – a region not for Mankind, but for their own exclusive use.

Their original site, Sippar, in the low lands of Mesopotamia had been washed away by the Deluge, and the area was still too muddy to be able to rebuild the old site.

…Another place – more elevated yet suitable, secluded but accessible had to be found for the Spaceport and its auxiliary installations. It was to be a "sacred zone" – a restricted area, accessible only by permission. It was called in Sumerian TIL.MUN – literally, "Land of the Missiles."

…In the days before the Deluge, traditions held, a few chosen mortals had been taken aloft from the Spaceport:


…After the Deluge there was:

Pharaoh Thothmes III

…And there, in Sumer, they recorded the tale of a man who – uninvited by the gods – set out to reverse his fate nevertheless.

Continue to Chapter 7: Gilgamesh: The King Who Refused to Die


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