Chapter 5: The Gods Who Came to Planet Earth

A note: after having exquisitely explained The Stairway to Heaven, according to the Egyptian glyphs, Mr. Sitchin continues his book with this chapter by opening the first lines with the account of our own astronauts and quotes the famous words:

"…Houston!
Tranquility Base here;
The Eagle has landed!"

"O.K., Houston.
The Falcon is on the plain of Hadley!"

Whereupon the Manned Spacecraft Center at Houston announced to the world "That was a jubilant Dave Scott reporting Apollo 15 on the plain at Hadley!"

The beautiful medallion where the words "Apollo 11" together with an Eagle posed on the moon, and Earth high above the Moon’s horizon, appear in the book to illustrate an important and significant point, if we recall who the Eagles were in The Twelfth Planet.

…Up to a few decades ago, the notion that a common mortal can put on some special clothes, strap himself in the front of a long object, then zoom off the face of Earth, seemed preposterous or worse. A century or two ago, such a notion would not have even come about, for there was nothing in human experience or knowledge to trigger such fantasies.

…Yet, as we have just described, the Egyptians – 5,000 years ago, could readily visualize all this happening to their Pharaoh: he would journey to a launch site east of Egypt; he would enter a subterranean complex of tunnels and chambers; he would safely pass by the installation’s atomic plant and radiation chamber (he had seen some of the gods radiating, in The Stairway to Heaven). He would don the suit and gear of an astronaut, enter the cabin of an Ascender, and sit strapped between two gods. And then as the double-doors would open, and the dawn skies would be revealed, the jet engines would ignite and the Ascender would turn into the Celestial Ladder by which the Pharaoh will reach the Abode of the Gods on their "Planet of Millions of Years."

…On what TV screen had the Egyptians seen such things happen, that they so firmly believed that all this was really possible?

…the only alternative would have been to either go to the Spaceport and watch the rocketships come and go, or visit a "Smithsonian" and see the craft on display, accompanied by a knowing guide or viewing flight simulations. The evidence suggests that the ancient Egyptians had indeed done that: they had seen the launch site, and the hardware, and the astronauts with their own eyes. But the astronauts were not Earthlings going elsewhere: they were, rather, astronauts from elsewhere who had come to Planet Earth.

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Tomb of Huy.

…Greatly enamored with art, the ancient Egyptians depicted in their tombs what they had seen and experienced in their lifetimes. The architecturally designs drawings of the subterranean corridors and chambers of the Duat come from the tomb of Seti I. An even more startling depiction has been found in the tomb of Huy, who was viceroy in Nubia and in the Sinai peninsula during the reign of the renowned Pharaoh Tut-Ankh-Amon… to this very day a depiction in vivid colors of a rocketship, (explained also in The Twelfth Planet).

…As the Pyramid Texts make clear, the Pharaoh, in his Translation into an eternal Afterlife, embarked on a journey simulating the gods. Ra and Seth, Osiris and Horus and other gods had ascended in the heavens in this manner. But, the Egyptians also believed, it was by the same Celestial Boat that the Great Gods had come down to Earth in the first place. At the city of An (Heliopolis), Egypt’s oldest center of worship, the god Ptah built a special structure – a "Smithsonian Institution," if you will – where an actual space capsule could be viewed and revered by the people of Egypt. The secret object – the Ben-Ben – was enshrined in the Het Benben, the Temple of the Benben.

…The Ben-Ben was, according to the ancient Egyptians, a solid object that had actually come to Earth from the Celestial Disk. It was the "Celestial Chamber" in which the great god Ra himself had landed on Earth. The term Ben (literally: "That Which Flowed Out") conveying the combined meanings of "to shine" and "to shoot up in the sky."

…At the shrine, there was a fountain or well, whose waters acquire a reputation for their healing powers, especially in matters of virility and fertility. The term Ben and its hieroglyphic depiction in time indeed acquired the connotations virility and reproduction; and could well have been the source of the meaning "male offspring" that Ben has in Hebrew. In addition to virility and reproduction the shrine also acquired the attributes of rejuvenation, this in turn gave rise to the legend of the Ben bird, which the Greeks who had visited Egypt called it the Phoenix. As these legends had it, the Phoenix was an eagle with plumage partly red and partly golden; once every 500 years, as it was about to die, it went to Heliopolis and in some manner rose again from the ashes of itself (or of its father).

Heliopolis and its healing waters remained venerated until early Christian times; local tradition claim that when Joseph and Mary escaped to Egypt with the child Jesus, they rested by the shrine’s well.

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Tomb of Huy, depiction of ‘conical chamber’, a Ben-Ben.

…Nothing remains of it nowadays, the Ben-Ben is also gone. But it was depicted on Egyptian monuments as a conical chamber within which a god could be seen. Archaeologists have in fact found a stone-scale model of the Ben-Ben, showing a god at its open hatch-door in a gesture of welcome. The true shape of the celestial Chamber was probably accurate depicted in the tomb of Huy, that modern command modules – the capsule housing the astronauts atop rocketships at launching, and in which they splash down back to Earth – look so similar to the Ben-Ben, is no doubt a result of the similarity of purpose and function.

…In the Book of the Dead nine objects affiliated with the hieroglyph for Shem were depicted in the division paralleling the shrine of Heliopolis, it could well be that there were indeed another nine space-related objects or spacecraft parts on display at the shrine.

…Archaeologists may have found a replica of one of these smaller objects. It is an oddly shaped circular object full of intricate curves and cutouts… The object was carved from a solid block of schist – a rock which is very brittle and which easily splits into thin irregular layers… This has led other scholars, such as Cyril Aldred (Egypt to the End of the Old Kingdom) to conclude that the stone object "possibly imitates a form originally made in metal."

…This round object, some twenty-four inches in diameter and less than four inches at its thicker part, was obviously made to fit over a shaft and rotate around an axle… But its possible function suddenly sprang to our mind in 1976 on reading on a technical magazine of some revolutionary designs of a flywheel being developed in California in connection with the American space program

Where are all the other objects, where is the Ben-Ben itself? There were natural disasters, unrest and wars, anarchy reigned in Egypt, it was not united any more.

…It was then perhaps, that Ra left his temple at Heliopolis and became Amon – "The Hidden God."

…When order was first restored at Upper Egypt under the Eleventh Dynasty the capital was established at Thebes, and the supreme god was called Amon (or Amen)… A temple was dedicated to Ra and topped it with a huge "pyramidon" to commemorate Ra’s Celestial Chamber.

…Soon after 2000 B.C. as the Twelfth Dynasty began to reign, Egypt was reunited, order was restored, and access to Heliopolis was regained.

The shrines were rebuilt in Heliopolis, two columns (over sixty-six feet high) of granite were built in front of the temple, they also carried the "pyramidon" encased in gold or white copper (electrum), in remembrance of the Celestial Chamber of Ra. The Greek called these columns "obelisks" meaning "pointed cutters". The Egyptians called them "Beam of the Gods".

Later, some of these obelisks were carted to New York, London, Paris, Rome.

…As stated by the Pharaohs, they raised these obelisks in order to "obtain (from the gods) the gift of Eternal Life" to "obtain Life Everlasting."

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Tutankhamun with Sky Goddess Nut. Tutankhamun belonged to later dynasties, but goddess Nut was still revered.

The Pharaohs emulated the Ascending to Heaven of the "gods" by being led through the Interior Passages of the Pyramids after their death.

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Passage from Second to Third Pyramid.


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Interior of Pyramid.


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From the Book of The Dead. Deceased making an offering to Horus, on the way to Heaven.


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Sculptured Hand holding the Ankh, symbol of Life. Temple at Karnak.

Where had the Pharaohs "seen" the "gods" Ascend to Heaven, unless witnessed in olden days and later remembered by them to achieve "eternal life" by emulating their "travel."

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Buzz Aldrin, stepping off the Eagle Module. It did not mean an actual eagle had transported him, nor that he was an eagle, as some want to believe of the ancient "Eagles," performing equal tasks.


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A hill of schist, the brittle stone that was used to make molds of the "flywheel" believed to have been a part in the rocketry mechanism used by the "gods" from Heaven. A very similar model was adopted by Nasa. This schist Hill is from Morocco.


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Hallway in the Temple of Seti I. He recollected many historical facts of ancient Egypt.


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Tutankhamun Death Mask as it appears in Cairo Museum, Egypt.


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The fallen point of an obelisk, in Karnak. Emulating the Benben ("capsule").


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Temple to Amon and obelisk in the background, Karnak.

…The Egyptian name for these Celestial Beings was NTR – a term which in the languages of the ancient Near East meant "One Who Watches"… (Neter)… Margaret A. Murray (The Splendor That Was Egypt) has put forward a more current view. Showing that pottery from the earliest, pre-dynastic period was adorned with drawings of boats carrying a pole with two streamers as a standard, she concluded that "the pole with the two streamers became the hieroglyphic for God."

…Pictorially, then, the Egyptians affirmed from the very beginning that their gods had come to Egypt from elsewhere. This confirmed the tales of how Egypt began – that the god Ptah, having come from the south, and having found Egypt inundated, performed great works of dyking and land reclamation and made the land habitable. There was a place in Egyptian geography which they called Ta-Neter – "Place/Land of the Gods." It was the narrow straits at the southern end of the Red Sea which is now called Bab-el-Mandeb.

…The Egyptian name for the Red Sea was the Sea of UR. The term Ta-Ur meant the Foreign Land in the East

…When archaeologists and linguists began to unravel, at the beginning of the nineteenth century, the history and written records of Egypt, Ur was unknown from any other source, except the Old Testament. Chaldea, however, was known: it was the name by which the Greeks had called Babylonia, Mesopotamia’s ancient kingdom.

…The more the nineteenth-century scholars learnt of Egypt, and matched the emerging historic picture with the writing of Greek and Roman historians, the more did two facts stand out: First, that Egyptian civilization and greatness were not like an isolated flower blooming in a cultural desert, part of overall developments throughout the ancient lands. And secondly, that the biblical tales of other lands and kingdoms, of fortified cities and trade routes, of wars and treaties, of migrations and settlements – were not only true but accurate.

…The Hittites, known for centuries only from brief mentions in the Bible, were discovered in Egyptian records as mighty adversaries of the Pharaohs. There was even a historical personal touch, for the Pharaoh ended up marrying the daughter of the Hittite king in an effort to cement peace between them.

Philistines, "People of the Sea," Phoenicians, Hurrians, Amorites… Greater of all, however, appeared to have been the veritable ancient empires of Assyria and Babylonia, but where were their magnificent temples, and other remains of their grandeur? And where were their records?

…Back in 1686, a traveler named Engelbert Kampfer, visited Persepolis, the old Persian capital of the kings Alexander had fought. From monuments there he copied signs and symbols in such a wedge-shaped or cuneiform script, as on the royal seal of Darius. But he thought that they were only decorations. When it was finally realized that these were inscriptions, no one knew what their language was and how they could be deciphered.

…As in the case of the Egyptian hieroglyphs, so it was with the cuneiform writings: The key to the solution was a tri-lingual inscription, it was found on the rock of forbidding mountains, at a place in Persia called Behistum… As it turned out, the tri-lingual rock inscription was in Old Persian, Elamite and Akkadian. Akkadian was the mother language of all the Semitic languages, and it was through the knowledge of Hebrew, that scholars were able to read and understand the Mesopotamian inscriptions of the Assyrians and the Babylonians.

In the 1840s, Henry Austen Layard a Paris-born Englishman, kept recalling that an officer in Alexander’s army reported seeing in the area of Iraq "a place of pyramids and remains of an ancient city" – a city whose ruins were considered ancient even in Alexander’s times!

The great ones of the biblical account were coming to surface, like Nimrod and the city of Nineveh.

…As the pace of the excavations gathered momentum, as archaeological teams from other nations joined the race, all the Assyrian and Babylonian cities named in the Bible (with one minor exception) were uncovered. But as the world’s museums filled up with the ancient treasures, the most important finds were the simple clay tablets – some small enough to be held in the palm of the scribe’s hand – on which the Assyrians, Babylonians and other peoples of western Asia wrote down commercial contracts, court rulings, marriage and inheritance records, geographical lists, mathematical information, medical formulas, laws and regulations, royal histories – indeed every aspect of life by advanced and highly civilized societies. Epic tales, Creation tales, proverbs, philosophical writings, love songs and the like make up a vast literary heritage. And there were matter celestial – lists of stars and constellations, planetary information, astronomical tables, and lists of gods, their family relationships, their attributes, their tasks and functions – gods headed by twelve Great Gods, "Gods of Heaven and Earth," with whom there were associated the twelve months, the twelve constellations of the Zodiac, and the twelve members of our solar system.

…As the inscriptions themselves occasionally stated, their language stemmed from the Akkadian.

…The royal city of Akkad was discovered southeast of Babylon; the ancient city of Kish was also discovered southeast of Akkad.

Ur – birthplace of Abraham – was also found, farther south, where the coastline of the Persian Gulf had reached in antiquity.

…One of the greatest discoveries in Mesopotamia was the Library of Ashurbanipal in Nineveh… Ashurbanipal himself stated in an inscription:

"The god of scribes has bestowed on me the gift of the knowledge of his art. I have been initiated into the secrets of writing. I can even read the intricate tablets in Shumerian. I understand the enigmatic words in the stone carvings from the days before the Deluge."

…In the century that followed the first Mesopotamian discoveries, it has become evident beyond doubt that it was indeed in Sumer that modern Civilization (with a capital "C") began. It was there, soon after 4000 B.C. – nearly 6000 years ago – that all the essential elements of a high civilization suddenly blossomed out, as though from nowhere and for no apparent reason. There is hardly any aspect of our present culture and civilization whose roots and precursors cannot be found in Sumerian cities – high-rise buildings, streets, marketplaces, granaries, wharves, schools, temples; metallurgy, medicine, surgery, textile making, gourmet foods, agriculture, irrigation; the use of bricks, the invention of the kiln; the first-ever wheel, carts; ships and navigation; international trade; weights and measures; kingship, law, courts, juries; writing and record keeping; music, musical notes, musical instruments, dance and acrobatics; domestic animals and zoos; warfare, artisanship, prostitution. And above all, the knowledge and study of the heavens, and the gods "who from the heavens to Earth had come."

…Let it be clarified here that neither the Akkadians nor the Sumerians had called these visitors to Earth gods. It is through later paganism that the notion of divine beings or gods has filtered into our language and thinking. When we employ the term here, it is only because of its general acceptance and usage that we do so.

…The Akkadians called them Ilu – "Lofty Ones" – from which the Hebrew biblical El stems.

…From the Sumerian cosmological tales and epic poems, from texts that served as autobiographies of these gods, from lists of their functions and relationships and cities, from chronologies and histories called King Lists, and a wealth of other texts, inscriptions and drawings, we have pieced together a cohesive drama of what had happened in prehistoric times, and how it all began.

Discovering the Past of the Egyptians, by searching into other cultures:

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Ruins of ancient Babylon, known as "Chaldea" by the Greeks.


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Uraratian site, Turkey. They were related to the Hurrians and Hittites, and contemporaries of the Assyrians.


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Bearded Figure at ruins of Persepolis, the place where Alexander fought with the Persians. Modern Iran.


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Royal Palace, Persepolis.


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Ruins of Nimrod’s Fortress.

…Their story begins in primeval times, when our solar system was still young. It was then that a large planet appeared from outer space and was drawn into the solar system. The Sumerians called the invader NIBIRU – "Planet of the Crossing"; the Babylonian name for it was Marduk. As it passed by the outer planets, Marduk’s course curved into a collision course with an older member of the solar system – a planet named Tiamat. As the two came together, the satellites of Marduk split Tiamat in half. Its lower part was smashed into bits and pieces creating the comets and the asteroid belt – the "celestial bracelet" of planetary debris that orbit between Jupiter and Mars. Tiamat’s upper part, together with its chief satellite, were thrown into a new orbit, to become Earth and the Moon.

Marduk itself, intact, was caught in a vast elliptical orbit around the Sun, returning to the site of the "celestial battle" between Jupiter and Mars once in 3,600 Earth years. It was thus that the solar system ended up with twelve members – the Sun, the Moon (which the Sumerians considered a celestial body in its own right), the nine planets we know of, and one more – the twelfth, Marduk.

…When Marduk invaded our solar system, it brought with it the seed of life. In the collision with Tiamat, some of the seed of life was transferred to its surviving part – Planet Earth. As life evolved on Earth, it emulated evolution on Marduk. And so it was that when on Earth the human species just began to stir, on Marduk intelligent beings had already achieved high levels of civilization and technology.

It was from the twelfth member of the solar system, the Sumerians said, that astronauts had come to Earth – the "Gods of Heaven and Earth." It was from such Sumerian beliefs, that all the other ancient peoples acquired their religions and gods. These gods, the Sumerians said, created Mankind, and eventually gave it civilization – all knowledge, all sciences, including an incredible level of sophisticated astronomy.

…There was the endless universe, full of stars. It was first-ever in Sumer – not centuries later in Greece, as has been thought – that the stars were identified, grouped together into constellations, given names and located in the heavens.

…It has been recognized by some of the earlier scholars who combined their knowledge of Egyptology/Assyriology with astronomy, that the textual and pictorial depictions employed the Zodiac Age as a grand celestial calendar, where by events on Earth were related to the grander scale of the heavens. The knowledge has been employed in more recent times as a means of prehistoric and chronological aid in such studies as that by G. de Santillana and H. von Dechend (Hamlet’s Mill). There is no doubt, for example, that the Lion-like Sphinx of Heliopolis, or the Ram-like Sphinxes guarding the temples of Karnak, depicted the Zodiac ages in which the events they stood for had occurred, or in which the gods or kings represented had been supreme.

…The "Imperishable Star" or the planet of "Millions of Years," the celestial abode of the gods. The ancient peoples, without exception, paid homage to this planet, the one with the vastest, most majestic orbit. In Egypt, in Mesopotamia and elsewhere, its ubiquitous emblem was that of the Winged Globe.

…Recognizing that the Celestial Disk, in Egyptian depictions, stood for the Celestial Abode of Ra, scholars have persisted in referring to Ra as a "Sun God" and to the Winged Disk as a "Sun Disk." It should now be clear that it was not the Sun, but the Twelfth Planet which was so depicted. Indeed, Egyptian depictions clearly distinguished between the Celestial Disk representing this planet, and the Sun.

…Four hundred fifty thousand years ago – according to our Sumerian sources – astronauts from this "Celestial Lord" landed on Planet Earth.

Continue to Chapter 6: In The Days Before The Deluge

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