Marduk is Nibiru; Planet of Crossing;
…Studies of the Epic of Creation and parallel texts, (for example, S. Langdon’s The Babylonian Epic of Creation) show that sometime after 2000 B.C., Marduk, son of Enki, was the successful winner of a contest with Ninurta, son of Enlil, for supremacy among the gods. The Babylonians then revised the original Sumerian Epic of Creation, expunged from it all references to Ninurta and most references to Enlil, and renamed the invading planet Marduk.
…The actual elevation of Marduk to the status of "King of the Gods" upon Earth was thus accompanied by assigning to him, as his celestial counterpart, the planet of the Nefilim, the Twelfth Planet. As "Lord of the Celestial Gods [the planets]" Marduk was thus also "King of the Heavens."
…The Epic of Creation clearly states that Marduk was an invader from outside the solar system, passing by the outer planets (including Saturn and Jupiter) before colliding with Tiamat. The Sumerians called the planet NIBIRU, the "planet of crossing".
The Babylonian version of the epic retained astronomical information, which:
…provide the additional and conclusive information that in dividing the other planets into two equal groups, (by the asteroid belt) the Twelfth Planet in "the midst of Tiamat keeps crossing." Its orbit takes it again and again to the site of the celestial battle, where Tiamat used to be.
…If Marduk’s orbit takes it where Tiamat once was, relatively near us (between Mars and Jupiter), why have we not yet seen this planet, which is supposedly large and bright?
…It thus occurred to Franz Kugler (Sternkunde und Sterndienst in Babylon) that Marduk was a fast-moving celestial body, orbiting in a great elliptical path just like a comet.
…Such an elliptical path, focused on the Sun as a center of gravity, has an apogee – the point farthest from the Sun, where the return flight begins – and a perigee – the point nearest to the Sun, where the return to outer space begins.
…We find that two such "bases" are indeed associated with Marduk in the Mesopotamian texts. The Sumerian texts described the planet as going from AN.UR ("Heaven’s base") to E.NUN ("lordly abode").
The Creation Epic said of Marduk:
He crossed the Heaven and surveyed the regions…
The structure of the Deep the Lord then measured.
E-Shara he established as his outstanding abode;
E-Shara as a great abode in the Heaven he established.
…One "abode" was thus "outstanding" – far in the deep region of space. The other was established in the "Heaven," within the asteroid belt, between Mars and Jupiter.
…Following the teaching of their Sumerian forefather, Abraham of Ur, the ancient Hebrews also associated their supreme deity with the supreme planet…
…The Book of Job, having described the collision, contains these significant verses telling us where the lordly planet had gone:
Upon the Deep he marked out an orbit;
Where light and darkness [merge]
In his farthest limit.
…Not less explicit, the Psalm outlined the planet’s majestic course:
The Heavens bespeak the glory of the Lord;
The Hammered Bracelet proclaims his handiwork…
He comes forth as a groom from the canopy
Like an athlete he rejoices to run the course.
From the end of heavens he emanates,
And his circuit is to their end.
…Recognized as a great traveller in the heavens, soaring to immense heights at its apogee and then "coming down, bowing unto the Heaven" at its perigee, the planet was depicted as a Winged Globe.
…Central to the religious beliefs and astronomy of the ancient world was the conviction that the Twelfth Planet, the "Planet of the Gods" remained within the solar system and that its grand orbit returned it periodically to Earth’s vicinity. The pictographic sign of the Twelfth Planet, the "Planet of Crossing", was a cross. This cuneiform sign, which also meant "Anu" and "divine" (a cross with a triangle on top arm, and two triangles on left arm touching each other by the angles) evolved in the Semitic languages to the letter tav, (a slanted cross with lower arm longer than the other three) which meant "the sign".
Mesopotamian and Biblical Records; Number 3,600;
The reader is reminded, that the Hebrews associated their supreme deity with the supreme planet. At this point, this becomes most important to understand what the Biblical records are talking about: The Twelfth Planet, mainly, in the prophetic context.
…Indeed, all the peoples of the ancient world considered the periodic nearing of the Twelfth Planet as a sign of upheavals, great changes, and new eras. The Mesopotamian texts spoke of the planet’s periodic appearance as an anticipated, predictable, and observable event…
…Many of the texts dealing with the planet’s arrival were omen texts prophesying the effect the event would have upon Earth and Mankind…
…Like the Mesopotamian savants, the Hebrew prophets considered the time of the planet’s approaching Earth and becoming visible to Mankind as ushering in a new era. The similarities between the Mesopotamian omens of peace and prosperity that would accompany the Planet of the Throne of Heaven, and the biblical prophesies of the peace and justice that would settle upon Earth after the Day of the Lord, can best be expressed by the words of Isaiah:
And it shall come to pass at the End of Days
…the Lord shall judge among the nations
and shall rebuke many peoples.
They shall beat their swords into ploughshares
and their spears into pruning hooks;
nation shall not lift up sword against nation.
…In contrast with the blessings of the new era following the Day of the Lord, the day itself was described by the Old Testament as a time of rains, inundations, and earthquakes. If we think of the biblical passages as referring, like their Mesopotamian counterparts, to the passage in Earth’s vicinity of a large planet with a strong gravitational pull, the words of Isaiah can be plainly understood:
Like the noise of a multitude in the mountains,
a tumultuous noise like of a great many people,
of kingdoms of nations gathered together;
it is the Lord of Hosts,
commanding a Host to battle.
From a far away land they come,
from the end-point of the heaven
do the Lord and his weapons of wrath
come to destroy the whole Earth…
Therefore will I agitate the Heaven,
and Earth shall be shaken out of its place
when the Lord of Hosts shall be crossing,
the day of his burning wrath.
…While on Earth "mountains shall melt … valleys shall be cleft," Earth’s axial spin would also be affected. The prophet Amos explicitly predicted:
It shall come to pass on that Day,
sayeth the Lord God,
that I will cause the Sun to go down at noon
and I will darken the Earth in the midst of daytime.
…Announcing, "Behold, the Day of the Lord is come!" the prophet Zechariah informed the people that this phenomenon of an arrest in Earth’s spin around its own axis would last only one day:
And it shall come to pass on that Day
there shall be no light – uncommonly shall it freeze.
and there shall be one day, known to the Lord,
when at eve-time there shall be light.
…On the Day of the Lord, the prophet Joel said, "the Sun and Moon shall be darkened, the stars shall withdraw their radiance"; "the Sun shall be turned into darkness, and the Moon shall be as red blood."
…Mesopotamian texts exalted the planet’s radiance and suggested that it could be seen even at daytime: "visible at sunrise, disappearing from view at sunset." A cylinder seal, found at Nippur, depicts a group of plowmen looking up with awe as the Twelfth Planet (depicted with its cross symbol) is visible in the skies.
…The ancient peoples not only expected the periodic arrival of the Twelfth Planet but also charted its advancing course.
…Among the many Mesopotamian texts that dealt with the subject, one is quite clear:
Planet of the god Marduk:
Upon its appearance: Mercury.
Rising thirty degrees of the celestial arc: Jupiter.
When standing in the place of the celestial battle: Nibiru.
Mr. Sitchin explains the time when the Twelfth planet will align itself with Mercury; when crossing Jupiter at certain degrees (which he points out); and when arriving at the point of the celestial battle with Tiamat.
…The anticipation of the Day of the Lord in the ancient Mesopotamian and Hebrew writings (which were echoed in the New Testament’s expectations of the coming of the Kingship of Heaven) was thus based on the actual experiences of Earth’s people: their witnessing the periodic return of the Planet of Kingship to Earth’s vicinity.
…The planet’s periodic appearance and disappearance from Earth’s view confirms the assumption of its permanence in solar orbit.
Also Mr. Sitchin explains Nibiru’s orbit, and that the planet would be found by today’s astronomers in the same manner that Neptune and Pluto were found, mathematically and by disturbances of other planet’s orbits.
…The Mesopotamian and biblical sources present strong evidence that the orbital period of the Twelfth Planet is 3,600 years. The number 3,600 was written in Sumerian as a large circle. The epithet for the planet – shar ("supreme ruler") also meant "a perfect circle," a "completed cycle". It also meant the number 3,600 and the identity of the three terms – planet/orbit/3,600 – could not be a mere coincidence.
First King; Ten Rulers before Deluge; What is a Year?; Life Beyond Earth?;
…Berossus, the Babylonian priest-astronomer-scholar, spoke of ten rulers who reigned upon Earth before the Deluge.
Summarizing the writings of Berossus, Alexander Polyhistor wrote:
…In the second book was the history of the ten kings of the Chaldeans, and the periods of each reign, which consisted collectively of an hundred and twenty shar‘s, or four hundred and thirty-two thousand years (432,000) reaching to the time of the Deluge.
…Abydenus, a disciple of Aristotle, also quoted Berossus in terms of ten pre-Diluvial rulers whose total reign numbered 120 shar’s. He made clear that these rulers and their cities were located in ancient Mesopotamia:
"It is said that the first king of the land was Alorus…He reigned ten shar’s.
Now, a shar is esteemed to be three thousand six hundred years…
After him Alaprus reigned three shar’s, to him succeeded Amilarus from the city of panti-Biblon, who reigned thirteen shar’s…
After him Ammenon reigned twelve shar’s; he was of the city of panti-Biblon. Then Megalurus of the same place, eighteen shar’s.
Then Daos, the Shepherd, governed for the space of ten shar’s…There were afterwards other rulers, and the last of all Sisithrus; so that in the whole, the number amounted to ten kings, and the term of their reigns to an hundred and twenty shar’s."
…Apollodorus of Athens also reported on the pre-historical disclosures of Berossus in similar terms: "Ten rulers reigned a total of 120 shar’s (432,000 years), and the reign of each one of them was also measured in the 3,600-year shar units."
ARISTOTELES STARIGITA, A Philosopher, 384-322 B.C.