…An Akkadian seal from the third millennium B.C., now at the Vorderasiatische Abteilung of the State Museum in East Berlin (catalogued VA/243), departs from the usual manner of depicting the celestial bodies. It does not show them individually but rather as a group of eleven globes encircling a large, rayed star. It is clearly a depiction of the solar system as it was known to the Sumerians: a system consisting of twelve celestial bodies.
…Treating the Moon as a proper celestial body, the Sumerian depiction fully accounts for all of our known planets, places them in the correct order (with the exception of Pluto), and shows them by size.
…The Apollo 16 astronauts found on the Moon rocks (called breccias) that result from the shattering of solid rock and its rewelding together by extreme and sudden heat. When and how were these rocks shattered, then re-fused? Other surface materials on the Moon are rich in rare radioactive potassium and phosphorus, materials that on Earth are deep down inside.
…Putting such findings together, scientists are now certain that the Moon and Earth, formed of roughly the same elements at about the same time, evolved as separate celestial bodies.
…In the opinion of the scientists of the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the Moon evolved "normally" for its first 500 million years.
…The Sumerians, then, were right to depict the Moon as a celestial body in its own right…
…The planet Pluto has been called "the enigma". While the orbits around the Sun of the other planets deviate only somewhat from a perfect circle, the deviation (eccentricity) is such that it has the most extended and elliptical orbit around the Sun…
…Because of its unusual characteristics, it has been suggested that this "misfit" might have started its celestial life as a satellite that somehow escaped its master and went into orbit around the Sun on its own.
…This, as we shall soon see, is indeed what happened – according to the Sumerian texts.
The Asteroid Belt
…Toward the end of the eighteenth century, even before Neptune had been discovered, several astronomers demonstrated that "the planets were placed at certain distances from the Sun according to some definitive law. The suggestion, that came to be known as Bode’s Law, convinced astronomers that a planet ought to revolve in a place where hitherto no planet had been known to exist – that is, between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.
…On the first day of the nineteenth century, the Italian astronomer Giuseppe Piazzi discovered at the exact indicated distance a very small planet (485 miles across), which he named Ceres.
…To date, nearly 3,000 asteroids have been counted orbiting the Sun in what is now called the asteroid belt.
Many questions arise about the asteroid belt, but the answers to these puzzles have been handed down to us from antiquity.
Mr. Sitchin then goes to mention about the vast literature existing, comparing the Mesopotamian text of the Chaldean Genesis with Biblical accounts of Genesis. Being of extreme importance are "The Seven Tablets of Creation".
…Now called "The Creation Epic," the text was known in antiquity by its opening words, Enuma Elish ("When in the Heights").
…As more tablets and fragments were found and translated, it became evident that the text was not a simple literary work: It was the most hallowed historical-religious epic of Babylon, read as part of the New Year rituals.
…There is enough evidence to show that the Babylonian version of the epic was a masterful political-religious forgery of earlier Sumerian versions, in which Anu, Enlil, and Ninurta were the heroes.
…Most scholars see it as a philosophical work…
…But why not take the epic at face value, as nothing more nor less the statement of cosmologic facts as known to the Sumerians, as told them by the Nefilim?
…The stage on which the celestial drama of Enuma Elish unfolds is the primeval universe. The celestial actors are the ones who create as well as the ones being created.
Mr. Sitchin describes Act 1 of the Epic, where AP.SU ("one who exists from the beginning"); MUM.MU (one "who was born"); and TIAMAT ("maiden of life") existed. They were the Sun (AP.SU); Mercury, "the fast messenger of the gods" as the Romans and Greeks thought of it (MUM.MU);
and Tiamat, the "monster" which later Marduk, the arriving planet from deep space, shattered.
The space between Apsu and Tiamat (also known as the Virgin Mother of the first Divine Trinity) was not void, it was filled with the primordial elements, the primordial waters. These waters "commingled" and a pair of celestial gods – planets – were formed in the space between Apsu and Tiamat.
- LAHMU (Mars "the God of War").
- LAHAMU (Venus, both "the Goddess of Love and War").
- ANSHAR (Saturn, "foremost of the heavens," to whom a satellite was born.
- GAGA (Pluto, counselor and emissary of Anshar) Sumerians placed Pluto next to Saturn, not beyond Neptune).
- KI.SHAR (Jupiter, "foremost of the firm lands").
- ANU (Uranus, ("he of the heavens").
- NUDIMMUD (Ea, "artful creator").
…As Act 1 of the "Epic of Creation" came to an end, there was a solar system made up of the Sun and nine planets.
…Where were the Earth and the Moon? They were yet to be created, products of the forthcoming collision.
The Epic of Creation is beautifully explained in the book The 12th Planet, with the rich depth of thought the ancients placed in their writings.
Surface of the Moon. Taken by Surveyor Moon Lander, prior to the landing of man.
Astronaut on Stripped Down Roving Lunar Vehicle. Apollo 16 Mission.
Full Moon above the Earth. From Space Shuttle Columbia.
Moon and Full Earth in Space.
Pluto and Charon.
Sheet discussing Centers of Gravity of the Earth and Moon, from Codex Leicester, by Leonardo da Vinci.
Solar Prominence erupting from the Sun’s Surface.
Craters on Surface of Mars. Taken by Viking 1.
Radar Image of the Northern Hemisphere of Venus. Mosaic images taken by the Magellan Space Probe. Centered on North Pole.
Global View of Saturn and its Rings, taken by one of the Voyager probes.
Jupiter and its Large Moons. Taken by the Voyager I Space Probe. Io is closer to Jupiter followed by Europa, Ganymede and Callisto.
Hubble Image of Uranus and its Rings.
Neptune’s Clouds: Three Views, taken by Hubble Telescope in 1994.
Marduk; The Arrival;
…With the end of the majestic drama of the birth of the planets, the authors of the Creation epic now raise the curtain to Act II, on a drama of celestial turmoil. The newly created family of planets were gravitating toward each other; they were converging on Tiamat, disturbing and endangering the primordial bodies.
The divine brothers banded together;
They disturbed Tiamat as they surged back and forth.
They were troubling the "belly" of Tiamat
By their antics in the dwellings of heaven.
Apsu could not lessen their clamor;
Tiamat was speechless at their ways.
Their doings were loathsome…
Troublesome were their ways.
…We have here obvious erratic orbits. The new planets "surged back and forth"; they got too close to each other ("banded together"); they interfered with Tiamat’s orbit; they got too close to her "belly"; their ways were troublesome. Though it was Tiamat that was principally endangered, Apsu, too, found the planet’s ways "loathsome". He announced his intention to "destroy, wreck their ways."
Apparently Ea (Neptune) with its outer most orbit seemed to neutralize the effect of the primordial "waters".
…Did its own orbit around the Sun affect the Sun’s magnetism and thus its radioactive outpourings? Or did Neptune itself emit, upon its creation, some vast radiations of energy? …Whatever the effects were, the epic likened them to a "pouring of sleep" – a calming effect – upon Apsu (the Sun). Even Mummu, (Mercury) the Counselor, was powerless to stir.
…By depriving the Sun of its creativity – stopping the process of emitting more energy and matter to form additional planets – the gods (planets) brought temporary peace to the solar system.
…How long was it before the celestial peace was broken once more? The epic does not say. But it does continue, with little pause, and raises the curtain to Act III:
In the Chamber of Fates, the place of Destinies,
A god was engendered, most able and wisest of gods;
In the heart of the Deep was MARDUK created.
…A new celestial "god" – a new planet – now joins the cast. He was formed in the Deep, far out in space, in a zone where orbital motion – a planet’s "destiny" – had been imparted to him. He was attracted to the solar system by the outermost planet: "He who begot him was Ea (Neptune)." The new planet was a sight to behold.
…As Marduk neared the other planets, "they heaped upon him their awesome flashes," and he shone brightly, "clothed with the halo of ten gods." His approach thus stirred electrical and other emissions from the other members of the solar system. And a single word here confirms our decipherment of the Creation epic: Ten celestial bodies awaited him – the Sun and only nine other planets. And as Marduk, still in a very plastic stage as it must have been, passes Ea/Neptune, the gravitational pull bulged one side. Later, as he passes Anu/Uranus, matter tore off and four satellites were formed for Marduk.
…The approach of Marduk soon began to disturb Tiamat and the inner planets (Mars, Venus, Mercury).
…The gravitational pull of the large approaching planet soon began to tear away parts of Tiamat. From her midst there emerged eleven "monsters" …satellites who separated themselves from her body and "marched at the side of Tiamat."
…Of particular importance to the epic and to Mesopotamian cosmogony was Tiamat’s chief satellite, who was named KINGU, "the first born among the gods who formed her assembly."
The epic continues giving beautiful recounts of the nearing to Saturn, it was at this point that Pluto loosened from its course and went further to the outer edge.
Finally Marduk and Tiamat confront each other.
…Here, then, is a most original theory explaining the celestial puzzles still confronting us. An unstable solar system, made up of the Sun and nine planets, was invaded by a large, comet-like planet from outer space. It had acquired seven satellites on its passing.
…But the two planets did not collide, a fact of cardinal astronomical importance: It was the satellites of Marduk that smashed into Tiamat, and not Marduk himself. They "distended" Tiamat’s body, made in her a wide cleavage.
…The first encounter between Marduk and Tiamat left her fissured and lifeless; but her final fate was still to be determined by future encounters between the two. Kingu, leader of Tiamat’s satellites, was also to be dealt with separately. But the fate of the other ten, smaller satellites of Tiamat was determine at once:
After he had slain Tiamat, the leader,
Her band was shattered, her host broken up.
The gods, her helpers who marched at her side,
Trembling with fear,
Turned their backs about so as to save
and preserve their lives.
…Can we identify this "shattered … broken" host that trembled and "turned their backs about" – reversed their direction?
…By doing so we offer an explanation to yet another puzzle of our solar system – the phenomenon of the comets.
Mr. Sitchin goes to explain how, then he concludes:
…Astronomers are unable to say what force, what event created the comets and threw them into their unusual orbits. Our answer: Marduk. Sweeping in the reverse direction, in an orbital plane of his own, he shattered, broke the host of Tiamat into smaller comets and affected them by his gravitational pull, his so-called net.
…Having "vanquished" Tiamat, Marduk sailed on in the heavens, out into space, around the Sun, and back to retrace his passage by the other planets…
…Then his new orbital path returned Marduk to the scene of his triumph, "to strengthen his hold on the vanquished gods, Tiamat and Kingu."
Earth and Moon; Heaven and Earth; "Station Nibiru";
…As the curtain is about to rise on Act V, it will be here – and only here, though this has not hitherto been realized – that the biblical tale of Genesis joins the Mesopotamian "Epic of Creation"; for it is only at this point that the tale of the Creation of Heaven and Earth really began.
…Completing his first – ever orbit around the Sun, Marduk "then returned to Tiamat, whom he had subdued."
…Marduk himself now hit the defeated planet, splitting Tiamat in two, severing her "skull" or upper part. Then another of Marduk’s satellites, the one called North Wind, crashed into the separated half. The heavy blow carried this part – destined to become Earth – to an orbit where no planet had been orbiting before.
…Earth had been created!
…The lower part had another fate: on the second orbit, Marduk himself hit it, smashing it to pieces.
…The pieces of this broken half were hammered to become a "bracelet" in the heavens, acting as a screen between the inner planets and the outer planets. They were stretched out into a "great band."
The asteroid belt had been created.
…Astronomers and physicists recognize the existence of great differences between the inner, or "terrestrial" planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth and its Moon, and Mars) and the outer planets (Jupiter and beyond), two groups separated by the asteroid belt. We now find, in the Sumerian epic, ancient recognition of these phenomena.
…Every puzzle that we have mentioned is answered by the "Epic of Creation" as we have deciphered it. Moreover, we also have the answer to the question of why Earth’s continents are concentrated on one side of it and a deep cavity (the Pacific Ocean’s bed) exists on the opposite side…
…Tiamat was called the Watery Monster, and it stands to reason that Earth, as part of Tiamat, was equally endowed with these waters…
…Biblical scholars now recognize that the Hebrew Tehom ("watery deep") stems from Tiamat; that Tehom-Raba means "great Tiamat," and that the biblical understanding of primeval events is based upon the Sumerian cosmologic epics. it should also be clear that first and foremost among these parallels are the opening verses of the Book of Genesis, describing how the Wind of the Lord hovered over the waters of Tehom, and how the lightning of the Lord (Marduk in the Babylonian version) lit the darkness of space as it hit and split Tiamat, creating Earth and the Rakia (literally, "the hammered bracelet"). this celestial band (hitherto translated as "firmament") is called "the Heaven".
…As part of the new celestial order upon Earth, Marduk "made the divine Moon appear … designated him to mark the night, define the days every month…"
…Earth is Tiamat reincarnated. The Moon is called Earth’s "protector"; that is exactly what Tiamat called Kingu, her chief satellite.
…Marduk, then, did not destroy Kingu. Shrunk to a smaller size, Kingu remained a "god" – a planetary member of our solar system. Without an orbit he could only become a satellite again. As Tiamat’s upper part was thrown into a new orbit (as the new planet Earth), we suggest, Kingu was pulled along. Our Moon, we suggest, is Kingu, Tiamat’s former satellite.
…The puzzles of our solar system – the oceanic cavities upon Earth, the devastation upon the Moon, the reverse orbits of the comets, the enigmatic phenomena of Pluto – all are perfectly answered by the Mesopotamian Creation epic, as deciphered by us.
…Having thus "constructed the stations" for the planets, (orbits), Marduk took for himself "station Nibiru", and "crossed the heavens and surveyed" the new solar system. It was now made up of twelve celestial bodies, with twelve Great Gods as their counterparts.