The "Knowing" of Adam and Eve;
…The only complete account of the events that befell Man following his transportation to the Abode of the Gods in Mesopotamia is the biblical tale of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden (Explaining that the Adam was created by the Deity Yahweh, and the placing of the two Trees, the last five verses mention):
"Of every tree of the orchard eat you shall;
but of the Tree of Knowing good and evil
thou shall not eat of it;
for on the day that thou eatest thereof
thou shall surely die."
…Though two vital fruits were available, the Earthlings were prohibited from reaching only for the fruit of the Tree of Knowing. The Deity – at that point – appeared unconcerned that Man might try to reach for the Fruit of Life. Yet Man could not adhere even to that single prohibition, and tragedy followed.
…The idyllic picture soon gave way to dramatic developments, which biblical scholars and theologians call the Fall of Man. It is a tale of unheeded divine commandments, divine lies, a wily (but truth-telling) Serpent, punishment, and exile.
…Appearing from nowhere, the Serpent challenged God’s solemn warnings.
…Reading and rereading the concise yet precise tale, (the discussion of the Serpent, Adam and Eve), one cannot help wondering what the whole confrontation was about. Prohibited under threat of death from even touching the Fruit of Knowing, the two Earthlings were persuaded to go ahead and eat the stuff, which would make them "knowing" as the Deity. Yet all that happened was a sudden awareness that they were naked.
…The State of nakedness was indeed a major aspect of the whole incident… Not only were they naked, they were unaware of the implication of such nakedness…
…The continuing biblical narrative confirms the connection between nakedness and the lack of knowing, for it took the Deity no time at all to put the two together:
And He said:
Who told thee that thou are naked?
Has thou eaten of the tree,
whereof I commanded thee not to eat?
…Admitting the truth, the Primitive Worker blamed his female mate, who, in turn, blamed the Serpent…
…While no Mesopotamian counterpart of the biblical tale has yet been found, there can be little doubt that the tale – like all the biblical material concerning Creation and Man’s prehistory – was of Sumerian origin. We have the locale: the Abode of the Gods in Mesopotamia. We have the telltale play on words in Eve’s name ("she of life," "she of rib.") And we have two vital trees, the Tree of Knowing and the Tree of Life, as in Anu’s abode.
…Even the words of the Deity reflect a Sumerian origin, for the sole Hebrew Deity has again lapsed into the plural, addressing divine colleagues, who were featured not in the Bible but in Sumerian texts:
Then did the Deity Yahweh say:
"Behold, the Adam has become as one of us,
to know good and evil.
And now might he not put forth his hand
and partake also of the Tree of Life,
and eat, and live forever?"
…And the Deity Yahweh expelled the Adam from the orchard of Eden.
…As many early Sumerian depictions show, there had been a time when Man, as a Primitive Worker, served his gods stark naked. He was naked whether he served the gods their food and drink, or toiled in the fields or on construction jobs.
Mr. Sitchin explains that Man had not been given the "knowing" that he was different than the animals;
…Did the lack of "knowing," then, mean that, naked as an animal, the newly fashioned being also engaged in sex as, or with, the animals? Some early depictions indicate that this was indeed the case.
…If this "knowing" meant only that Man had come to recognize that having sex with animals was uncivilized or evil, why were Adam and Eve punished for giving up sodomy? The Old Testament is replete with admonitions against sodomy, and it is unconceivable that the learning of a virtue would cause divine wrath.
…The "knowing" that Man obtained against the wishes of the Deity – or one of the deities – must have been of a more profound nature. It was something good for Man, but something his creators did not wish him to have.
…Throughout the Old Testament the term "to know" is used to denote sexual intercourse, mostly between a man and his spouse for the purpose of having children. The tale of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden is the story of a crucial step in Man’s development: the acquisition of the ability to procreate.
…That the first representatives of Homo sapiens were incapable of reproduction should not be surprising. Whatever method the Nefilim had used to infuse some of their genetic material into the biological makeup of the hominids they selected for the purpose, the new being was a hybrid, a cross between two different, if related, species. Like a mule (a cross between a mare and a donkey), such mammal hybrids are sterile.
…Were the Nefilim, at first, simply producing "human mules" to suit their requirements?
There are depictions on a rock in the mountains of southern Elam, which give indications of mass reproduction of beings all looking alike. Mr. Sitchin explains this in detail and the graphic is shown on the book;
…The inability of hybrids to procreate, it has been discovered recently, stems from a deficiency in the reproductive cells. While all cells contain only one set of hereditary chromosomes, Man and other mammals are able to reproduce because their sex cells (the male sperm, the female ovum) contain two sets each. But this unique feature is lacking in hybrids. Attempts are now being made through genetic engineering to provide hybrids with such a double set of chromosomes in their reproductive cells, making them sexually "normal."
…Was that what the god whose epithet was "The Serpent" accomplished for Mankind?
…The biblical Serpent surely was not a lowly, literal snake – for he could converse with Eve, he knew the truth about the matter of "knowing," and he was of such high stature that he unhesitatingly exposed the deity as a liar. We recall that in all ancient traditions, the chief deity fought a Serpent adversary – a tale whose roots undoubtedly go back to the Sumerian gods.
…The possibility that the biblical antagonists – the Deity and the Serpent – stood for Enlil and Enki seems to us entirely plausible.
…Although Enki had been the true pioneer, while Enlil stayed at the comfortable Mission control Center at Nippur, Enki was sent to organize the mining operations in the Lower World. The mutiny of the Anunnaki was directed at Enlil and his son Ninurta; the god who spoke out for the mutineers was Enki. It was Enki who suggested, and undertook, the creation of Primitive Workers; Enlil had to use force to obtain some of these wonderful creatures. As the Sumerian texts recorded the course of human events, Enki as a rule emerges as Mankind’s protagonist, Enlil as its strict discipliner if not outright antagonist. The role of a deity wishing to keep the new humans sexually suppressed, and of a deity willing and capable of bestowing on Mankind the fruit of "knowing," fit Enlil and Enki perfectly.
…Once more, Sumerian and biblical plays on words come to our aid. The biblical term for Serpent is nahash which does mean "snake." But the word comes from the root NHSH, which means "to decipher, to find out"; so that nahash could also mean, "he who can decipher, he who finds things out," an epithet befitting Enki, the chief scientist, the God of Knowledge of the Nefilim.
…Most pertinent to our findings is the fact that in the Mesopotamian texts, the god who eventually granted "knowledge" to Adapa was none other than Enki:
Wide understanding he perfected for him…
Wisdom, [he had given him]…
To him he had given Knowledge;
Eternal Life he had not given him.
Cast out of the Abode of the Gods, doomed to a mortal’s life, but able to procreate, Man proceeded to do just that.
…The Sumerian texts, which describe the early stages when the gods were alone in Sumer, describe with equal precision the life of humans in Sumer at a later time, but before the Deluge. The Sumerian (and original) story of the Deluge has its "Noah" a "Man of Shuruppack", the seventh city established by the Nefilim when they landed on Earth.
…At some point then, the human beings – banished from Eden – were allowed to return to Mesopotamia, to live alongside the gods, to serve them, and to worship them. As we interpret the biblical statement, this happened in the days of Enosh. It was then that the gods allowed Mankind back into Mesopotamia, to serve the gods "and to call upon the name of the deity."
…Humanity, it appears, was undergoing great deprivations when Noah was born. The hard work and the toil were getting it nowhere, for Earth, which was to feed them, was accursed. The stage was set for the Deluge – the momentous event which was to wipe off the face of Earth not only the human race but all life upon the land and in the skies.
And the Deity saw that the wickedness of Man
was great on the earth,
and that every desire of his heart’s thoughts
was only evil; every day.
And the Deity repented that He had made Man
upon the earth, and His heart grieved.
And the Deity said:
"I will destroy the Earthling whom I have created
off the face of the earth.
…These are broad accusations, presented as justifications for drastic measures to "end all flesh." But they lack specificity, and scholars and theologians alike find no satisfactory answers regarding the sins or "violations" that could have upset the Deity so much.
…The Deity grieved over the evil "desire" of Man’s thoughts. Man, it would seem, having discovered sex, had become a sex maniac.
…But the gods were also lovers, they engaged in tender, illicit, and violent love.
…Such gods could hardly turn against Mankind for behaving as they themselves did.
…The Deity’s motive, we find, was not merely concern for human morals. The mounting disgust was caused by a spreading defilement of the gods themselves. Seen in this light, the meaning of the baffling opening verses of Genesis 6 becomes clear:
And it came to pass,
When the Earthlings began to increase in number
upon the face of the Earth,
and daughters were born unto them,
that the sons of the deities
saw the daughters of the Earthlings
that they were compatible,
and they took unto themselves
wives of whichever they chose.
…As these verses should make clear, it was when the sons of the gods began to be sexually involved with Earthling’s offspring that the Deity cried, "Enough!"
…And the Deity said:
"My spirit shall not shield Man forever;
having stray, he is but flesh."
…The statement has remained enigmatic for millennia.
…Read in the light of our conclusions regarding the genetic manipulation that was brought to play in Man’s creation, the verses carry a message to our own scientists. The "spirit" of the gods – their genetic perfection of Mankind – was beginning to deteriorate. Mankind had "strayed," therefore reverting to being but "flesh" – closer to its animal, simian origins.
Mr. Sitchin, referring to contradictions encountered in the biblical record, continues:
…These nagging doubts of the story’s veracity disperse, however, when we realize that the biblical account is an edited version of the original Sumerian account. As in the other instances, the monotheistic Bible has compressed into one Deity the role played by several gods who were not always in accord.
…Until the archaeological discoveries of the Mesopotamian civilization and the decipherment of the Akkadian and Sumerian literature, the biblical story of the Deluge stood alone, supported only by scattered primitive mythologies around the world. The discovery of the Akkadian "Epic of Gilgamesh" placed the Genesis Deluge tale in older and venerable company, further enhance by later discoveries of older texts and fragments of the Sumerian original.
…The parallels with the biblical story are obvious: A Deluge is about to come; one Man is forewarned; he is to save himself by preparing a specially constructed boat; he is to take with him and save the "seed of all living things." Yet the Babylonian version is more plausible. The decision to destroy and the effort to save are not contradictory acts of the same single Deity, but the acts of different deities. Moreover, the decision to forewarn and save the seed of Man is the defiant act of one god (Enki), acting in secret and contrary to the joint decision of the other Great Gods.
…Enki advised Utnapishtim, (Akkadian), (the hero of the Mesopotamian Deluge account), all details to the very instant when Utnapishtim was to board himself:
When Shamash who orders a trembling at dusk
will shower down a rain of eruptions –
board thou the ship, batten up the entrance!
…The storm came "with the first glow of dawn."
…The will of Enlil and the Assembly of Gods was done.
…But unknown to them the scheme of Enki had also worked:
Floating in the storming waters was a vessel carrying men, women, children, and other living creatures.
…In the Genesis version, it was Yahweh who vowed never again to destroy Mankind. In the Babylonian version it was the Great Goddess who vowed: "I shall not forget… I shall be mindful of these days, forgetting them never. By the doings of Enki, Enlil was pacified after his anger to discover that Man had survived. Enki gave the merits to Utnapishtim, as the "wise Man" who had survived, and he was taken to live among the gods, elevated to eternal life.
…But what happened to Mankind in general? The biblical tale ends with an assertion that the Deity then permitted and blessed Mankind to "be fruitful and multiply." Mesopotamian versions of the Deluge story also end with verses that deal with Mankind’s procreation. The partly mutilated texts speak of the establishment of human "categories":
Let there be a third category among Humans.
Let there be among the Humans
Women who bear, and women who do not bear.
…There were, apparently, new guidelines for sexual intercourse…
…Enlil was outmaneuvered. Mankind saved and allowed to procreate. The gods opened up Earth to Man.