Chapter 11: Mutiny Of The Anunnaki

Clarifying Misconceptions; "Lower World" = "Arali" = Southwestern African Connection:

…After Enlil arrived on Earth in person, "Earth Command" was transferred out of Enki’s hands. It was probably at this point that Enki’s epithet or name was changed to E.A ("lord waters") rather than "lord earth."

…A separation of powers was agreed upon:

  • Anu was to stay in the heavens and rule over the Twelfth Planet
  • Enlil was to command the lands
  • Enki was put in charge of the AB.ZU (apsu in Akkadian)

…In other instances, Enlil’s domain was referred to as the Upper World, and Ea’s as the Lower World; again, the scholars assumed that Enlil controlled Earth’s atmosphere while Ea was ruler of the "subterranean waters" – the Greek like Hades the Mesopotamians supposedly believed in. Our own term abyss (which derives from apsu) denotes deep, dark, dangerous waters in which one can sink and disappear. Thus, as scholars came upon Mesopotamian texts describing this Lower World, they translated it as Unterwelt ("underworld") or Totenwelt ("world of the dead"). Only in recent years the Sumerologists mitigated the ominous connotation somewhat by using the term netherworld in translation.

…It was here that Inanna/Ishtar had gone in search for Dumuzi, biblically known as god Tammuz, (one of Enki’s sons). Ishtar had a most celebrated love affair with Dumuzi and when he disappeared, she went in his search to the Lower World.

Ishtar went there neither dead nor against her will – she went alive and uninvited, forcing her way in by threatening the gatekeeper:

If thou openest not the gate so that I cannot enter,
I will smash the door, I will shatter the bolt,
I will smash the doorpost, I will move the doors.

…Seven gates were opened to Ishtar.

Mr. Sitchin explains diverse events which occurred in the Lower World, like Ereshkigal’s anger on seeing her sister Inanna, and love affairs between Ereshkigal and Nergal, a great son of Ea.

…The events recounted do not suggest a Land of the Dead. Quite the contrary: it was a place the gods could enter and leave, a place of lovemaking, a place important enough to be entrusted to a granddaughter of Enlil and a son of Enki. "…The place was far and difficult to reach," to be sure, and a somewhat "restricted area," but hardly a "place of no return." Like Inanna other leading deities were reported going to and coming from, this Lower World.

…Far from being a dark and desolate place, it was described as a bright place with flowing waters.

A rich land, beloved of Enki;
Bursting with riches, perfect in fullness…
Whose mighty river rushes across the land.

…It is evident from Sumerian sources that such flowing waters indeed existed – not in Sumer and its flatlands, but in the Great Below

…A long text, little understood because no intact version has been found, deals with some major dispute between Ira (Nergal’s title as Lord of the Lower World) and his brother Marduk. In the course of the dispute, Nergal left his domain and confronted Marduk in Babylon; Marduk, on the other hand threatened: "To the Apsu will I descend, the Anunnaki to supervise … my raging weapons against them I will raise." To reach the Apsu, he left the Land of Mesopotamia and travelled over "waters that rose up." His destination was Arali in the "basement" of Earth, and the texts provide a precise clue as to where this "basement" was:

In the distant sea,
100 beru of water (away) …
the ground of Arali (is) …
It is where the Blue Stones cause ill,
Where the craftsman of Anu
the Silver Axe carries, which shines as the day.

…The texts indicate that Arali was situated west and south of Sumer. A ship travelling two to three thousand miles (one hundred beru meant two hundred hours of sailing) in a southwesterly direction from the Persian Gulf could have only one destination: the coast of southern Africa.

…Only such a conclusion can explain the terms Lower World, as meaning the southern hemisphere, where the Land of Arali was, as contrasted with the Upper World, or northern hemisphere, where Sumer was.

…Many cylinder seals, depicting animals peculiar to the area (of southern Africa), (such as the zebra or ostrich), jungle scenes, or rulers wearing leopard skins in the African tradition, attest to an "African connection."

Next: What other interests did the Nefilim have in this part of Africa? But First, More on the African Connection; the Tablet Of Wisdom;

…What interest did the Nefilim have in this part of Africa, diverting to it the scientific genius of Ea and granting to the important gods in charge of the land a unique "Tablet of Wisdom?"

…Literally, the term AB.ZU meant "primeval deep source" – not necessarily of waters. According to Sumerian grammatical rules, either of two syllables of any term could precede the other without changing the word’s meaning with the result that AB.ZU and ZU.AB meant the same thing… for za-ab has always meant and still means "precious metal," specifically "gold," in Hebrew and its sister languages.

…The Sumerian pictograph for AB.ZU was that of an excavation deep into Earth, mounted by a shaft. Thus Ea was not the lord of an indefinite "watery deep" but the god in charge of the exploitation of Earth’s minerals!

…Some Mesopotamian hymns to Ea exalt him as Bel Nimiki, translated "lord of wisdom"; but the correct translation should undoubtedly be "lord of mining." Just as the Tablet of Destinies at Nippur contained orbital data, it follows that the Tablet of Wisdom entrusted to Nergal and Ereshkigal was in fact a "Tablet of Mining," a "data bank" pertaining to the mining operations of the Nefilim.

…As Lord of the Abzu, Ea was assisted by another son, the god GI.BIL ("he who burns the soil") who was in charge of fire and smelting. Earth’s Smith, he was usually depicted as a young god whose shoulders emit red-hot rays or sparks of fire, emerging from the ground or about to descend into it.

The texts state that Gibil was steeped by Ea in "wisdom" meaning that Ea had taught him mining techniques.

…The ores were taken to Bad-Tibira, whose name literally meant "the foundation of metalworking." Smelted and refined, the ores were cast into ingots whose shape remained unchanged throughout the ancient world for millennia. Such ingots were actually found at various Near East excavations, confirming the reliability of Sumerian pictographs…

…Extensive references to gold and other metals in ancient texts suggest familiarity with metallurgy from the earliest times. A lively metal trade existed at the very beginning of civilization, the result of knowledge bequeathed to Mankind by the gods, who, the texts state, had engaged in mining and metallurgy long before Man’s appearance…

Tubal-cain was (according to the Bible) an "artificer of gold and copper and iron" long before the Deluge.

After an extensive explanation of how archaeologists and scientists have studied the area of the minings, Mr Sitchin quotes from Dr. Kenneth Oakley, former head anthropologist of the Natural History Museum in London:

…It throws an important light to the origins of Man… it is now possible that southern Africa was the evolutionary home of Man, the "birthplace" of Homo sapiens."

…As we shall show, it was indeed there that modern Man appeared on Earth, through a chain of events triggered by the gods’ search for metals.




But First… A Search for Metals:

Gold, silver, and copper are all native elements of the gold group. They fall into the same family in the periodic classification by atomic weight and number; they have similar crystallographic, chemical, and physical properties all are soft, malleable, and ductile. Of all known elements, these are the best conductors of heat and electricity.

…Of the three, gold is the most durable, virtually indestructible. Though best known for its use in money and in jewelry or fine artifacts, it is almost invaluable in the electronics industry. A sophisticated society requires gold for microelectronic assemblies, guidance circuitry, and computer "brains."

Gold, which we call the royal metal, was in fact the metal of the gods

…The Nefilim, it appears, came to Earth for gold and its related metals. They may also have come for other rare metals – such as platinum (abundant in southern Africa), which can power fuel cells in an extraordinary manner. And the possibility should not be ruled out that they came to Earth for sources of radioactive minerals, such as uranium or cobalt – the Lower World’s "blue stones that cause ill," which some texts mention. Many depictions show Ea – as the God of Mining – emitting such powerful rays as he exits from a mine that the gods attending him have to use screening shields; in all these depictions, Ea is shown holding a miner’s rock saw.

…Though Enki was in charge of the first landing party and the development of the Abzu, credit for what was accomplished – as the case should be with all generals – should not go to him alone. Those who actually did the work, day in, day out, were the lesser members of the landing party, the Anunnaki.

…The ancient texts described the Anunnaki as the rank-and-file gods who had been involved in the settlement of Earth – the gods "who performed the tasks." The Babylonian Epic of Creation credited Marduk with giving the Anunnaki their assignments. (The Sumerian original, we can safely assume, named Enlil as the god who commanded these astronauts).

Assigned to Anu, to heed his instructions,
Three hundred in the heavens he stationed as a guard;
the ways of Earth to define from the Heaven;
And on Earth,
Six hundred he made reside.
After he their instructions had ordered,
to the Anunnaki of Heaven and Earth
he allotted their assignments.

…The texts reveal that three hundred of them – the Anunnaki of Heaven, or Igigi – were true astronauts who stayed aboard the spacecraft without actually landing on Earth. Orbiting Earth, these spacecraft launched and received the shuttlecraft to and from Earth.

…As chief of the "Eagles" Shamash was a welcome and heroic guest aboard the "mighty great chamber in heaven" of the Igigi

…Staying aloft, the Igigi were apparently never encountered by Mankind. Several texts say that they were "too high up for Mankind," as a consequence of which "they were not concerned with the people." The Anunnaki, on the other hand, who landed and stayed on Earth, were known and revered by Mankind. The texts that state that "the Anunnaki of Heaven … are 300" also state that "the Anunnaki of Earth are 600."

Mr. Sitchin explains, quoting from some texts, that the Nefilim would come from the Twelfth Planet in parties of fifty. He concludes:

…It is, we believe, quite conceivable that the Nefilim arrived on Earth in groups of fifty. As the visits to Earth became regular, coinciding with the opportune launching times from the Twelfth Planet, more Nefilim would arrive. Each time, some of the earlier arrivals would ascend in an Earth module and rejoin the spaceship for a trip home. But, each time, more Nefilim would stay on Earth, and the number of Twelfth Planet astronauts who stayed to colonize Earth grew from the initial party of fifty to the "600 who on Earth settled."

…How did the Nefilim expect to achieve their mission – to mine on Earth its desired minerals, and ship the ingots back to the Twelfth Planet – with such a small number of hands?


Minerals and Metals the Anunnaki came to Earth for?


Cobalt Vase from shipwreck


COBALT 60 RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES “…Those shining blue stones…”


Arial view of Uranium mine


Fluorescent Bowl




Mineral Formations in Lake Magadi

They cried: No More…! Leading to The Creation of Man – Primitive Worker – "Lulu";

…A famous seal now on exhibit at the Louvre Museum shows Ea with his familiar flowing waters, except that the waters seem to emanate from, or be filtered through, a series of laboratory flasks. Such an ancient interpretation of Ea’s association with waters rises the possibility that the original hope of the Nefilim was to obtain their minerals from the sea. The ocean waters do contain vast quantities of gold and other minerals…

…The ancient texts refer repeatedly to a type of ship used by the gods called elippu tebiti ("sunken ship – what we now call a submarine). We have seen the "fish-men" that were assigned to Ea. Is this evidence of efforts to dive to the depths of the oceans an retrieve their mineral riches?

…The Land of the Mines, we have noted, was earlier called A.RA.LI – "place of the waters of the shiny lodes…."

…If this were the plans of the Nefilim, they apparently came to naught. For, soon afterwards they had established their first settlements, the few hundred Anunnaki were given an unexpected and most arduous task: to go down into the depths of the African soil and mine the needed minerals there.

…In later times, Babylonian and Assyrian texts disclose, men – young and old – were sentenced to hard labour in the mines of the Lower World. Working in darkness and eating dust as food, they were doomed never to return to their homeland. This is why the Sumerian epithet for the land – KUR.NU.GI.A – acquire the interpretation "land of no return"; its literal meaning was "land where gods-who-work, in deep tunnels pile up [the ores]." For the time when the Nefilim settled Earth, all the ancient sources attest, was a time when Man was not yet on Earth, and in the absence of Mankind, the few Anunnaki had to toil in the mines. Ishtar, on her descent to the Lower World, described the toiling Anunnaki as eating food mixed with clay and drinking water fouled with dust.

…Against this background, we can fully understand a long epic text named (after its opening verse, as was the custom), "When the gods, like men, bore the work."

…They also explain the circumstances that led to the mutiny of the Anunnaki.

When the gods, like men,
bore the work and suffered the toil –
the toil of the gods was great,
the work was heavy,
the distress was much.

…Seven cities were established, and the text refers to seven Anunnaki who were city commanders. Discipline must have been strict, for the text tells us "The seven Great Anunnaki were making the lesser gods suffer the work."

…For a long time – for forty "periods," to be exact – the Anunnaki "suffered the toil"; and they cried: No more! They were complaining, backbiting, grumbling in the excavations.

…The occasion for the mutiny appears to have been a visit by Enlil to the mining area. Seizing the opportunity, the Anunnaki said to one another:

Let us confront our … the Chief Officer,
That he may relieve us of our heavy work.
The king of the gods, the hero Enlil,
Let us unnerve him in his dwelling!

…A leader or organizer of the mutiny was soon found. He was the "chief officer of old time," who must have held a grudge against the current chief officer. His name, regrettably, is broken off; but his inciting address is quite clear:

Now proclaim war; Let us combine hostilities and battle.

"The description of the mutiny is so vivid that scenes of the storming of the Bastille come to mind:

The gods heeded his words,
They set fire to their tools;
Fire to their axes they put;
They troubled the god of mining in the tunnels;
They [held] him as they went
to the gate of the hero Enlil.

…The drama and tension of the unfolding events are brought to life by the ancient poet:

It was night, half-way through the watch.
His house was surrounded –
but the god, Enlil, did not know.
Kalkal [then] observed it, was disturbed.
He slid the bolt and watched…
Kalkal roused Nusku;
they listened to the noise of…
Nusku roused his lord –
he got him out of his bed, [saying]:
"My lord, your house is surrounded,
battle has come right up to your gate.

…A Council of the Gods was advised, Anu himself attended, he suggested an inquiry. At the question of Nusku, when he confronted the Anunnaki, "Who is the provoker of hostilities?"

…The Anunnaki stood together:

"Every single one of us gods has war declared!
We have our … in the excavations;
Excessive toil has killed us,
Our work was heavy, the distress much."

…When Enlil heard Nusku’s report of these grievances, "his tears flowed."

Anu sided with the Anunnaki.

…Encouraged by his father’s words, Ea also "opened his mouth," and repeated Anu’s summation. But he had a solution to offer: Let a lulu, a "Primitive Worker," be created!

While the Birth Goddess is present,
Let her create a Primitive Worker;
Let him bear the yoke…
Let him carry the toil of the gods!

…The suggestion that a "Primitive Worker" be created so that he could take over the burden of work of the Anunnaki was readily accepted. Unanimously, the gods voted to create "The Worker." ‘Man’ shall be his name," they said…

…The Nefilim, having arrived on Earth to set up their colonies, had created their own brand of slavery, not with slaves imported from another continent, but with Primitive Workers fashioned by the Nefilim themselves.

…A mutiny of the gods had led to the creation of Man.

Continue to Chapter 12: The Creation Of Man


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