The Book of Enoch

The Book of Enoch is “an ancient composition known from two sets of versions, an Ethiopic one that scholars identify as ‘1 Enoch’, and a Slavonic version that is identified as ‘2 Enoch’, and which is also known as The Book of the Secrets of Enoch. Both versions, of which copied manuscripts have been found mostly in Greek and Latin translations, are based on early sources that enlarged on the short biblical mention that Enoch, the seventh Patriarch after Adam, did not die because, at age 365, ‘he walked with God’ – taken heavenward to join the deity.”
— Zecharia Sitchin, When Time Began

The versions of the Book of Enoch:

  • The Book of Enoch (tr. R.H.Charles), this page begins the full text of this copy.

Enoch

THE

BOOK OF ENOCH

TRANSLATED BY

R. H. CHARLES, D.LITT., D.D.

WITH AN INTRODUCTION BY

W. O. E. OESTERLEY, D.D.

London

Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge

[1917]


The Book of Enoch, written during the second century B.C.E., is one of the most important non-canonical apocryphal works, and probably had a huge influence on early Christian, particularly Gnostic, beliefs. Filled with hallucinatory visions of heaven and hell, angels and devils, Enoch introduced concepts such as fallen angels, the appearance of a Messiah, Resurrection, a Final Judgement, and a Heavenly Kingdom on Earth. Interspersed with this material are quasi-scientific digressions on calendrical systems, geography, cosmology, astronomy, and meteorology.

In all the books belonging to this literature which have come down to us this hope is expressed more or less vividly; nor is the dark background wanting. with prophecies of coming wrath. It will, therefore, be realized that the Apocalyptic Literature is almost wholly concerned with the future; it is true that again and again the Apocalyptist glances at the contemporary history of the world around him, to which many a cryptic reference is made–a fact which necessitates some knowledge of the history of this period (circa 200 B.C.-A.D. 100) for a full understanding of the books in question–but these references are only made with a view to comforting the oppressed and afflicted with the thought that even the most mighty of earthly powers are shortly to be overthrown by. the advent of the new and glorious era when every injustice and all the incongruities of life will be done away with.


Table of Contents:

  1. Editors’ Preface
  2. Introduction
  3. Abbreviations, Brackets and Symbols Specially Used in the Translation of 1 Enoch
  1. The Book of Enoch
  2. Enoch’s Journeys through the Earth and Sheol
  3. The Parables
  4. The First Parable
  5. The Second Parable
  6. The Third Parable
  7. Book of Noah—a Fragment
  8. The Book of the Courses of the Heavenly Luminaries
  9. The Dream-Vision
  10. The Concluding Section of the Book
  11. Fragment of the Book of Noah
  12. An Appendix to the Book of Enoch


Editors’ Preface

p. vi

THE object of this series of translations is primarily to furnish students with short, cheap, and handy text-books, which, it is hoped, will facilitate the study of the particular texts in class under competent teachers. But it is also hoped that the volumes will be acceptable to the general reader who may be interested in the subjects with which they deal. It has been thought advisable, as a general rule, to restrict the notes and comments to a small compass; more especially as, in most cases, excellent works of a more elaborate character are available. Indeed, it is much to be desired that these translations may have the effect of inducing readers to study the larger works.

Our principal aim, in a word, is to make some difficult texts, important for the study of Christian origins, more generally accessible in faithful and scholarly translations.

In most cases these texts are not available in a cheap and handy form. In one or two cases texts have been included of books which are available in the official Apocrypha; but in every such case reasons exist for putting forth these texts in a new translation, with an Introduction, in this series.

W. O. E. OESTERLEY.

G. H. Box.


p. xxx

Abbreviations, Brackets, and Symbols Specially Used in the Translation of 1 Enoch

E denotes the Ethiopic Version.

Gs denotes the fragments of the Greek Version preserved In Syncellus: in the case of 8b-9b there are two forms of the text, Gs1 Gs2.

Gg denotes the large fragment of the Greek Version discovered at Akhmîm, and deposited in the Gizeh Museum, Cairo.

The following brackets are used in the translation of 1 Enoch:

⌈ ⌉. The use of these brackets means that the words so enclosed are found in Gg but not In E.

⌈⌈ ⌉⌉. The use of these brackets means that the words so enclosed are found in E but not in Gg or Gs.

〈 〉. The use of these brackets means that the words so enclosed are restored.

[ ] The use of these brackets means that the words so enclosed are interpolations.

( ). The use of these brackets means that the words so enclosed are supplied by the editor.

The use of thick type denotes that the words so printed are emended.

† † corruption in the text.

. . . = some words which have been lost.


Index to Chapters

The Book of Enoch

1-5. Parable of Enoch on the Future Lot of the Wicked and the Righteous.
6-11. The Fall of the Angels: the Demoralisation of Mankind: the Intercession of the Angels on behalf of Mankind. The Dooms pronounced by God on the Angels: the Messianic Kingdom (a Noah fragment).
12-16. Dream Vision of Enoch: his intercession for Azâzêl and the fallen Angels: and his announcement to them of their first and final doom.

Enoch’s Journeys through the Earth and Sheol

17-19. The First Journey.
20. Name and Functions of the Seven Archangels
21. Preliminary and final place of punishment of the fallen angels (stars).
22. Sheol, or the Underworld.
23. The Fire that deals with the Luminaries of Heaven.
24-25. The Seven Mountains in the North-West and the Tree of Life.
26. Jerusalem and the Mountains, Ravines and Streams.
27. The Purpose of the Accursed Valley.
28-33. Further Journey to the East.
34-35. Enoch’s Journey to the North.
36. The Journey to the South.

The Parables

37.

The First Parable

38. The Coming Judgement of the Wicked.
39. The Abode of the Righteous and of the Elect One: the Praises of the Blessed.
40. 41. 2. The Four Archangels.
41. 3-9. Astronomical Secrets.
42. The Dwelling-places of Wisdom and of Unrighteousness.
43. 44. Astronomical Secrets.

The Second Parable

45. The Lot of the Apostates: the New Heaven and the New Earth.
46. The Head of Days and the Son of Man.
47. The Prayer of the Righteous for Vengeance and their Joy at its coming.
48. The Fount of Righteousness; the Son of Man–the Stay of the Righteous: Judgement of the Kings and the Mighty.
49. The Power and Wisdom of the Elect One.
50. The Glorification and Victory of the Righteous: the Repentance of the Gentiles.
51. The Resurrection of the Dead, and the Separation by the Judge of the Righteous and the Wicked.
52. The Seven Metal Mountains and the Elect One.
53. 56. 6. The Valley of Judgement: the Angels of Punishment: the Communities of the Elect One.
54. 7.-55 2. Noachic Fragment on the first World Judgement.
55. 3-56. 4. Final Judgement of Azâzêl, the Watchers and their children.
56. 5-8. Last struggle of heathen Powers against Israel.
57. The Return from the Dispersion.

The Third Parable

58. The Blessedness of the Saints.
59. The Lights and the Thunder.

Book of Noah—a Fragment

60. Book of Noah-a Fragment. Quaking of Heaven: Behemoth and Leviathan: the Elements.
61. Angels go off to measure Paradise: the Judgement of the Righteous by the Elect One: the Praise of the Elect One and of God.
62. Judgement of the Kings and the Mighty: Blessedness of the Righteous.
63. The unavailing Repentance of the Kings and the Mighty.
64. Vision of the fallen Angels in the Place of Punishment.
65. Enoch foretells to Noah the Deluge and his own Preservation.
66. The Angels of the Waters bidden to hold them in Check.
67. God’s Promise to Noah: Places of Punishment of the Angels and of the Kings.
68. Michael and Raphael astonished at the Severity of the Judgement.
69. The Names and Functions of the (fallen Angels and) Satans: the secret Oath.
70. The Final Translation of Enoch.
71. Two earlier visions of Enoch.

The Book of the Courses of the Heavenly Luminaries

72-75. The Sun.
76. The Twelve Windows and their Portals.
77. The Four Quarters of the World: the Seven Mountains, the Seven Rivers, &c.
78. The Sun and Moon: the Waxing and Waning of the Moon.
79-80. 1. Recapitulation of several of the Laws.
80. 2-8. Perversion of Nature and the heavenly Bodies owning to the Sin of Men.
81. The Heavenly Tablets and the Mission of Enoch.
82. Charge given to Enoch: the four Intercalary Days: the Stars which lead the Seasons and the Months.

The Dream-Vision

83. 84. First Dream-Vision on the Deluge.
85. The Second Dream-Vision of Enoch: the History of the World to the Founding of the Messianic Kingdom.
86. The Fall of the Angels and the Demoralization of Mankind.
87. The Advent of the Seven Archangels.
88. The Punishment of the Fallen Angels by the Archangels.
89. 1-9. The Deluge and the Deliverance of Noah.
89. 10-27. From the Death of Noah to the Exodus.
89. 28-40. Israel in the Desert, the Giving of the Law, the Entrance into Palestine.
89. 41-50. From the Time of the Judges till the Building of the Temple.
89. 51-67. The Two Kingdoms of Israel and Judah, to the Destruction of Jerusalem.
89. 68-71. First Period of the Angelic Rulers–from the Destruction of Jerusalem to the Return from the Captivity.
89. 72-77. Second Period–from the time of Cyrus to that of Alexander the Great.
90. 1-5. Third Period–from Alexander the Great to the Graeco-Syrian Domination.
90. 6-12. Fourth Period–from the Graeco-Syrian Domination to the Maccabæan Revolt.
90. 13-19. The Last Assault of the Gentiles on the Jews (where vv. 13-15 and 16-18 are doublets).
90. 20-27. Judgement of the Fallen Angels, the Shepherds, and the Apostates.
90. 28-38. The New Jerusalem, the Conversion of the surviving Gentiles, the Resurrection of the Righteous, the Messiah.

The Concluding Section of the Book

92. 91. 1-10. 18-19. Enoch’s Book of Admonition for his Children.
91. 1-11. 18-19. Enoch’s Admonition to his Children.
93. 91. 12-17. The Apocalypse of Weeks.
91. 12.-17. The Last Three Weeks.
94. 1-5. Admonitions to the Righteous.
94. 6-11. Woes for the Sinners.
95. Enoch’s Grief: fresh Woes against the Sinners.
96. Grounds of Hopefulness for the Righteous: Woes for the Wicked.
97. The Evils in Store for Sinners and the Possessors of unrighteous Wealth.
98. Self-indulgence of Sinners: Sin originated by Man: all Sin recorded in Heaven: Woes for the Sinners.
99. Woes pronounced on the Godless, the Lawbreakers: evil Plight of Sinners in the last Days: further Woes.
100. The Sinners destroy each other: Judgement of the fallen Angels: the Safety of the Righteous: further Woes for the Sinners.
101. Exhortation to the Fear of God: all Nature fears Him, but not the Sinners.
102. Terrors of the Day of Judgement: the adverse Fortunes of the Righteous on the Earth.
103. Different Destinies of the Righteous and the Sinners: fresh Objections of the Sinners.
104. Assurances given to the Righteous: Admonitions to Sinners and the Falsifiers of the Words of Uprightness.
105. God and the Messiah to dwell with Man.

Fragment of the Book of Noah

106-107.

An Appendix to the Book of Enoch

108.


Continue to Introduction