Hamlet’s Mill: Index

[A]

  • Abaton, the, 303
  • Abu Ma’shar, 228
  • Accius, 23
  • Achelous, 189
  • Acheron, 184, 185, 195, 198
  • Acherusian lake, 184
  • Achilles, 272, 273,422; shield of, 385
  • Adad, 297
  • Adam, 224, 309; and Eve, 149
  • Adam of Bremen, 206
  • Adams, John Couch, 8
  • Adonis, 249, 284, 285
  • Aegir, 208, 209, 294
  • Aelianus, 42 I
  • Aeneas, 192
  • Aeneas Sylvius, Pope, 338, 339
  • Aeneid, 196
  • Aeschylus, 118, 179, 312
  • Aesir, the, 154-155, 160, 161, 163
  • Afrasiyab, Shah of Turan, 37-39, 40, 84, 201, 265, 340
  • Africa: Indians of, 246; study of, 353
  • Agamemnon, 273
  • Agaria, 219
  • Agastya, 263, 264, 395
  • Agni, 157, 159, 322, 382, 395,428-429
  • Agrippa d’Aubigne, quoted, 317
  • Aigokeros (Capricornus), 63
  • Akkadian (language), 449
  • Albania, 79n
  • Al-Biruni, 8, 30n, 83, 215n, 221
  • Albright, W. F., 124-125, 211, 295, 401, 419, 449
  • Alcmaeon, 202
  • Alcor, 264, 385
  • Aldebaran, 398, 437
  • Alexander, king of Macedon, 201, 202, 256,422; and the Gordian knot, 237-­238; “Romaunt of,” 313; linked to Gilgamesh, 313-315, 336, 419
  • Al-Farghani, 137
  • Alfoldi, Andreas, 371
  • Alice in Wonderland, 5m
  • Al-jadi (Polaris), 138
  • Al-Kazvini, 138
  • Allen, Richard H., 255
  • Aloe, Lake, 216-217
  • Alphonsus of Castile, Tables of, 271
  • Amaltheia, 259,426
  • Amaterasu, 169, 292,425
  • Ambales, dream of, 37; “Saga,” 19, 23
  • Ambrosia, 259, 426
  • America: Snaebjorn and the discovery of, 94; myths of, 311; and Columbus, 338
  • Amlaghe, 20
  • Amlaidhe, 20
  • Amleth, 12-18; meaning of, 20; parallel with Kai Khusrau, 37, 39; division of story of, 82-83
  • Amlethus, son of Orvandil, 155, 354, 367, 430; destruction of hall by, 174; and Samson, 176; riddle of, 271
  • Amlodhi, 2, 19, 20, 35; mill of, 87
  • Amritamanthana, 383
  • Anahita, goddess, 40, 262
  • Ananke, 190
  • Anat, 291, 367
  • Anaximander, v, 82, 18m, 188, 330, 376
  • Anchises, 193
  • Anderson, R. B., 366
  • Andreas, 313
  • Angels, 396
  • Angkor, 7, 162
  • Animal stories and myth, 52. See also Bull; Cats; Fox star; Turtle; Wolves
  • An-Nadim, 282
  • Antares, 243, 437, 450
  • Anthropology, social, 71
  • Antiochus, 210, 239
  • Anu, 125, 291, 297, 303,431,451; Way of, 434, 437
  • Anunnaki, the, 297, 303
  • Aphrodite, 177
  • Apis, 285
  • Apocalypse, 44n
  • Apocalypses, 335
  • Apollinaire, quoted, 242 I
  • Apollo, 428, 447
  • Apollodorus, 117-118, 408
  • Apollon, 369
  • Apollonios Rhodios, 251, 254
  • Apsu, 153, 270, 301, 320, 3_4, 420, 435
  • Aqht, 291
  • Aquarius, 244, 256-257
  • Aquinas, Thomas, 75
  • Ara, 424
  • Arabs, 271, 315
  • Arallu, 450
  • Ararat, Mount, 32 3
  • Aratus, 245, 254, 257, 385
  • Arawaks, the, 166, 246
  • Arcadia, 278
  • Archaic world, dates of, 340-342
  • Archimedes, 72, 188, 342
  • Arcturus, 437
  • Ares, 176, 428. See also Mars
  • Argo, 257, 258, 265, 281, 291. 302; turtle as prow of, 369; wood of, 447
  • Argonauts, 172, 254, 263, P18
  • Arhippa Perttunen, 111
  • Aries, 434; Kai Khusrau, on, 44; Age of, 60, 318, 341; and Heimdal, 159
  • Aristarchus, 342
  • Aristophanes, 3 I I
  • Aristotle, vi, 144, 177, 32. 286, 340, 342; on astronomy, 4; on circularity, 48; and mathematics, 7; on esoteric doctrine, 118; on gods as first sub­stances, 150; on the Milky Way, 252; quoted, 326
  • Arjuna, 79, 291, 310
  • Ark, the, 323; appearance of, 219; Ut­napishtim’s, 22 I, 297; as cubic, 222­-223, 435; as a ship, 367
  • Armenia, 284
  • Arriaga, 226
  • Arrianus, 237
  • Arthur, King, 34, 46, 335, 347, 360, 418; myth of, 51; and Excalibur, 235
  • Arundati, 385
  • Aruns Velthymnus, 116
  • Aryans, 360
  • Asa, 234
  • Asgard, 156, 161
  • Assur-nasir-apli, Annals of, 220
  • Assyria, 133, 266-267, 288
  • Astrology, 50, 228; of Greeks, 64; problem of, 74-75; as early lingua franca, 345
  • Astronomy: as source of myth, 3-5, 324; modern indifference to, 60; pre­supposed by astrology, 345. See also planets and constellations by name
  • Asura, the, 81, 82, 152, 153, 263, 372
  • Atharva Veda, 140, 158,227,233,321
  • Athena, 264
  • Athenaeus, 118, 367
  • Atlas, 251
  • Atrahasis, 298
  • Atreus, House of, 174
  • Attila, and the Nibelungen story, 335
  • Attis, 285
  • Atum, 151
  • Auden, W. H., quoted, 213
  • Auriga, 255, 256, 258, 259, 261, 264,426; chariot of, 266, 399
  • Aurva, 392-393
  • Avalokiteshvara, 130
  • Avesta, 3_40′ 146; Kavi Usan in, 37; on Sirius, 215, 216
  • Axis, world, 232-234; Heimdal as, 158­-159; accompanying frame of, 235
  • Aztecs, 8, 290, 321

[B]

  • Baal, 128
  • Babel, Tower of, 249
  • Babylon, 6, 7, 195, 219, 266, 297, 307, 324,432; gods of, 124,244; Saturn in, 136; astronomy of, 142. 261, 314; Creation Epic of, 153, 166, 294; and epic of Gilgamesh, 288; Tower of, 303
  • Bach, J. S., 346
  • Balarama, 79, 310
  • Balder, 155, 160, 161, 285
  • Balmer, 61
  • Barabudur, temple of, 240
  • Barb, Alfons A., 148
  • Barbarossa, Kaiser, 46
  • Barthes, Roland, 343
  • Bastian, Adolf, 164n
  • Baumann, Hermann_ 311
  • Be’ersheba, 448
  • Bel, tomb of, 303
  • Bella Coola Indians, 253
  • Bellerophon, 37
  • Berard, 209
  • Bergelmer, 92-93, 141, 363, 366
  • Berger, E. H., 190
  • Bergson, Henri, 340
  • Berossos, 162, 418-419
  • Bertholet, Alfred, 396
  • Betelgeuse, 361
  • Bethlehem, star of, 244
  • Bhagavata Purana, 138
  • Bible, the, 4, I 15
  • Bieka Galles (Mars), 130
  • Big Dipper, 236, 266, 301, 407, 415, 451; as thigh of bull, 415, 416
  • Blacksmiths. See Smiths
  • Bloomfield, Maurice, 374
  • Boanerges, Sons of Thunder, 225, 226
  • Boghazkoi, 450
  • Bohl, F. M. Th. de Liagre, 290, 410, 433, 435
  • Boissacq, 430
  • Boll, Franz, x, 4, 44n, 206, 415, 423-424
  • Bon-po, 123
  • Book of the Dead, 73, 120, 1J2, 151
  • Book of Iceland Settlements, 94
  • Borneo, 166, 213
  • Borobudur, temple at, 124
  • Bouvard, 327
  • Bow and arrow, in constellations, 216, 321
  • Bradfield, 209
  • Brahma, 393
  • Brandaen, 271
  • Breasted, J. H., 119
  • British Columbia, 3 18
  • Brjam, 19, 35, 85
  • Bromwich, Rachel, 30n
  • Browne, Sir Thomas, 60
  • Brugsch, K. H., 414
  • Brunelstraat (Milky Way), 248
  • Brunetto, 197
  • Bruno, Giordano, 48, 342
  • Brutus. See Lucius Junius Brutus
  • Bulfinch, Thomas, 132
  • Bull: sacrifice of, 125, 404-405; thigh of, as Big Dipper, 415-416
  • Bundahishn, 247
  • Bunyan, Paul, 31
  • Burgess, E., 398, 401
  • Burns, Robert, 91
  • Burrows, Eric, 413

[C]

  • Cadmus, 428
  • Cain, 390
  • Calypso, 209
  • Cambodia, 166
  • Cambyses, 84
  • Cancer, 314, 403, 434; Gate of, 242
  • Can Grande della Scala, 279
  • Canopus, 73, 211, 257, 258, 264, 265. 268, 271, 318; as static, 269; as pilot star to Ship of the Dead, 281; and the horse’s head, 395; wife of, 416-417; Eridu as, 420; Nibiru as, 431
  • Capaneus, 197
  • Capella the Goat, 259
  • Capricorn, 242
  • Casanova, P., 416
  • Cassirer, Ernst, 326-328
  • Castor, 210, 32 1
  • Catasterisms, of Eratosthenes, 256, 257, 265
  • Catlo’ltq, 214-215, 318-319, 321
  • Cats, 279
  • Cedrenus, 390
  • Celtic myth, related to Kalevala, 26
  • Censorinus, 162
  • Centaur, 424
  • Cezanne, Paul, 343
  • Chairemon, 427
  • Chaldea, 282
  • Chanina, Rabbi, 396
  • Chariot, of Phaethon, 266
  • Charles Martel, 75
  • Charles’ Wain, 238, 266
  • Charpentier, Jarl, 360-361
  • Charybdis, 204, 209
  • Cheremissians, 26 .
  • Cherokee, 243, 249, 406, 407, 425; Story of whirlpool, 207; story of corn mill, 389
  • Chess, 161-162
  • Childe, Gordon, 388
  • Chimalpahin, 120
  • China, 216, 299; Saturn in, 136, 147, 261; Samson in, 166; common myths from, 311
  • Chiriguano, the, 247
  • Christ, 1I4, 197, 121, 223, 2_f, 330, 341, 355, 423
  • Christensen, Arthur, 370
  • Christianity: negation of Timaean scheme, 309; and the archaic world, 341
  • Chronos, 134, 189-190; and Kronos, 135n, 373-376
  • Chronos Aion, 189
  • Chwolson, D., 4, 282, 283
  • Cicero, 23, 138, 277. 376
  • Cimmerians, the, 335
  • Cipactli, 248
  • Circe, 198, 291
  • Circularity. and myth, 484
  • Cleasby, Richard, 156n1
  • Clemens Alexandrinus, 51n
  • Cleomedes, 137, 159
  • Clytemnestra, 175
  • Cocytus. river, 184, 196, 19_
  • Coffin Texts, 120, 132
  • Coleridge, S. T., quoted, 22F
  • Colossus of Crete, 197, 201
  • Columbus, Christopher, 337, 338; sources of, 338-339
  • Comparetti, D., 98, 116, 117
  • Conjunctions, Trigon of, 248. 399
  • Constellations: and quadrangular earth, 62; names of, 120; relation of signs to, 144-145. See also constella­tions by name
  • Copernicus, 60, 310, 342
  • Cornford, F. M., 230-231, 21.3-274, 307­-308, 422-423, 424. 426
  • Corona, 355
  • Cosmography, and geography, 63
  • Cosmology, 46-47, 48; myth and, 50, 52-53, 56, IF; rules of, expressed in language of myth, 58
  • Cosmos, 188; frame of, 23, 36
  • Creation: described by Timaeus, 306; stories of, 382-383
  • Crete, 178, 194
  • Creuzer, Friedrich, 285, 2861
  • Crocodile. 248
  • Cross, wood of the, 227,447
  • Cube: as Saturn’s figure, 212-223; ark as, 435
  • Cuchulainn, 31
  • Culture, vs. society, 71
  • Cumont, Franz, 284, 326
  • Cuna Indians, 213, 247, 447
  • Curse of the Miller Woman, the, I 17
  • Curtius, 423
  • Curwen, E. Cecil, 387-388

[D]

  • Dadhyafik, 393
  • da Gama, Vasco, 337
  • DaM.k, 370
  • d’Ailly, Pierre, 338
  • d’Alembert, Jean, x
  • Danes, thunderstones of, 226
  • Daniel, 418-419; vision of, 195
  • Dante, 46, 279, 296, 337; as bridge be­tween two epochs, 75; sources used by, 118; location of Purgatory by, 193; journey of Virgil and, 194-198; quoted, 204, 250; whirlpool described by, 204
  • Dapinu, 402-403
  • Dardanos, 385
  • Darius Codomanus (Dara), 84
  • Darmesteter, James, 76
  • Darwin, Age of, 68
  • Dates: related to Great Conjunctions, 268; of archaic world, 340-343. See also Time
  • David, King, 214, 249. 264, 421; and the Abyss, 220
  • Day, Florence, 411
  • Decamps, 388
  • Deimel, Anton, 409
  • Delphi, 447
  • Demeter, 170, 259, 280, 424, 425
  • Demiurge, the, 51, 306-307, 341
  • Democritus, 340
  • Democritus of Abdera, ix
  • Dendera: inscriptions of, 73; Zodiac of, 32 1,405,415,424
  • Denmark, 86
  • Descartes, Rene, 65, 343
  • Destruction, motif of, 176
  • Deucalion, 57, 63; Flood of, 279
  • Deus Faber, 128, 129, 372, 373,445
  • Deva, the, 372
  • de Vries, J., 362-363, 377
  • Dharma, 79, 309
  • Dhruva, Prince, 138, 141
  • Dhul-Karnein, 336
  • Diakonoff, I. M., 410
  • Dice, casts of, 161
  • Dieterich, Albrecht, 196
  • Dieterlen, Germaine, 53, 353
  • Dio Cassius, 23
  • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, 222
  • Dionysos,32, 81, 287
  • Dioscuri, the, 226
  • Dittrich, Ernst, 66
  • Divine Comedy, sources of, 118
  • Dodecahedron, the world as, 187-188
  • Dog names, 279
  • Dogon, the, 53-55, 60, 353
  • Dorotheos of Sidon, 252
  • Dowson, John, 392
  • Draco, 282
  • Druidism, 8
  • Drums, mythical: as device of shaman, 124-128; Chinese, 125-126; of the Mande, 126
  • Dryden, John, quoted, 349
  • Dumichen, J., 73
  • Dumont, P. E., 114-125
  • Dumuzi, 284
  • Dupuis, Charles, viii, x, 346, 403; quoted, 230
  • Dyak, 239

[E]

  • Ea, 267, 270, 281, 324, 419, 431; Way of, 434
  • Earendel, 355-357
  • Earth: defined in language of myth, 58, 62; and equinoxes, 58-59; and the zodiacal band, 61; and motion of sky, 66; composition of mythical, 235; Ersetu as, 451
  • Ebeling, Erich, 266, 420
  • Eben Shetiyyah, 220,263-264,421,423, 435
  • Ecliptic, pole of, 143; and whirlpool, 240
  • Ecuador, 166
  • Edda, 141, 223, 294, 354,425; vision of world-age in, 154-156; list of heiti in, 378
  • Eden: serpent of, 222; Tree of Life in, 223
  • Edzard, D.O., 267, 409
  • Egypt, 247, 262, 383, 389, 405-406; language of, 73; story of Setna, 113-­114; names of constellations in, 120, 216; Saturn in, 129, 136; and Ptah, 222; and the legend of Phaethon, 253; ambiguity of, as term, 282; Pan in, 287; interpretation of mnj.t in, 414-417; Sagittarius in, 424
  • Einstein, Albert, vi, 65, 342
  • Eisenmenger, J. A., 390
  • Eisler, Robert, 189, 230, 264, 374, 418
  • el-Buqat, 282, 284
  • Eleazar b. Pedath, Rabbi, 396
  • Electra, 385
  • Eleusis, 259,424,425
  • Elton, Oliver, 12
  • Emerson, R. W., quoted, 76
  • Enakim, 115
  • Enki/Ea, 124, 135, 146, 153, 223, 265, 281; Enmesharra as, 267; and Gilga­mesh, 288; and Utnapishtim, 297-298; son-in-law of, 301
  • Enkidu, 289, 292, 402, 405, 442, 447
  • Enlil, 289, 290, 297, 298, 324,431; Way of, 434
  • Enmesharra, 266-267
  • Enoch, 77-78, 360; Book of, 152
  • Enuma elish, 153, 430, 434, 436, 448
  • Epimenides, 121
  • Epinomis, quoted, 43
  • Epiphanius, 416
  • Epitherses, 275
  • Epopeus, 422
  • Equinoctial colure, 212
  • Equinoxes, 62; out of position, 153-154
  • Equinoxes, Precession of, 58-59, 325; named by Hipparchus, 66; signifi­cance of, 61-68; described, 142-144; and Copernican system, 145; related to Trigon of Great Conjunctions, 268; relation of Sirius to, 286
  • Er the Armenian, 230-231
  • Era, 323, 324, 325, 413, 417
  • Era-Epos, 323, 436, 448, 451
  • Eratosthenes, 256, 257, 265, 424
  • Erichthonios (Auriga), 264, 266
  • Eridanus, 193, 196, 210, 23?, 251, 166; as the river Po, 154, 156; dual nature of, 155; confusion of with Eridu, 157-258; as whirlpool, 15$
  • Eridu (Hvergelmer) , 11 t, 21()-OO1I1, 163, 165, 318, 448, 449; etyamology of, 257; stylus of, 301; me from, 301, 304; source of fire, 31′; creation story, 420
  • Erman_Grapow, 73, 414
  • Ersetu, 449, 451
  • Esagil, 43S
  • Esau, 396, 405
  • Esthonia, 26, 118, 397; story of Kalevipoeg, 30n; mythical tree in, 447
  • Etana, 114
  • Etemenanki, 303
  • Etruscans, the, II6
  • Eudoxos, 72, 3 I 1
  • Euhemeros, 50
  • Euripides, 254
  • Euripus, 206-207, 238; axis of Roman circus as, 239
  • Evil, origin of, 149
  • Evolution, drawbacks of belief in, 68­-71
  • Ezra, 419

[F]

  • Fable, vs. myth, 47
  • Fanggen, 277
  • Faridun, 370
  • Faroer dialect, 91
  • Fas al-rahha, 137
  • Fenek, 249
  • Fengo, 12-18, 367
  • Feng Shen Yen 1, 7
  • Fenja, 88, 158, 380, 388
  • Ferryman, 430-437. See also Nibiru Festus, 422
  • Feuchtwang, D., 421
  • Finland, 26, 113, 223, 312; story of Kullervo in, 27-35; and Kaleva, 115, 155; and the maelstrom, 205, 238; and the wood of the Cross, 227; mythical trees in, 446-447
  • Finnish Folklore Fellows, 117
  • Fiote, 246, 253
  • Firdausi, 36, 39, 43, 46, 83, 68, 283, 372; on the mythical period, 84; knowledge of astrology, 117; story of Kavag by, 370-371
  • Fire: astronomical, 140, 159, 321; rules relating to discovery of, 317
  • Fire sticks, 321; part of skambha, 311; fetching of, 322
  • Fitzgerald, Edward, 45
  • Flaubert, Gustave, 327
  • Floods: mythical, 57, 323; and sinking of constellations, 63; causes of, 219; arks and, 119; and Utnapishtim, 297
  • Forbes, R. J, 388
  • Forgetfulness, chair of, 408
  • Fornander, A., 201
  • Fox star, 385
  • Frazer, Sir James George, 69, 91, 111, 166, 281, 320, 326; Jewish legend quoted by, 386
  • Frederick II, Emperor, 197
  • Freud, S., 450
  • Freyr, 87, 93, 153, 285; death of, 157, 160, 364
  • Frobenius, vii, 390
  • Frodhi, 87, 285, 364, 380; mill of, 88-89, 146

[G]

  • Gadd, C. J., 439, 441
  • Galaxy, 279; and the ecleptic, 241; myth of Phaethon, 250-252. See also Milky Way
  • Galileo, 10, 48, 61, 143, 310, 342
  • Games, board, 161
  • Gandhi, Mohandes, 329
  • Ganesha, rat of, 365
  • Ganga, 259, 262
  • Ganges, river, 256, 250-260
  • Garsiwas, 38
  • Gates of Night and Day, 200
  • Gautama, Prince, 292
  • Geb, 406
  • Geldner, K., 428-429
  • Gemini, 242, 244, 321, 420
  • Genesis, Book of, 152
  • Genzmer, Felix, 365
  • Geoffrey of Viterbo, 418
  • Geography, as cosmography, 63
  • Georgics, 193, 258
  • Gering, Hugo, 366, 378, 386 Gertrude, nun, 294
  • Gervase of Tilbury, 423
  • Gesta Danorum, 12
  • Gibbon, Edward, 251
  • Gibil, 322, 429
  • Gideon, 168, 174
  • Gilgamesh, 42n, 130, 200, 202, 208, 209, 238, 257, 339, 411; epic of, 288-295, 300-301, 419, 436; Alexander as rep­lica of, 313-315, 336, 419; and fire, 316; name of, 323; astronomical im­plications of, 323, 404; excursus on, 430-45 I; ferryman in epic of, 430­-437; trees in epic of, 437-450
  • Ginnungagap, 234
  • Glaukos, 202
  • Gnostics, 131, 240
  • Godfrey of Viterbo, 46
  • Gods, as stars, 177
  • Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 10, 333
  • Gog and Magog, enclosing of, 315
  • Golden Age, 146-147; end of, 149; in the Edda, 154-155; position of Milky Way in, 258; dates of, 340-342
  • Golden Bough, 69
  • Golden Fleece, 318
  • Gollancz, I., 20, 356, 357; on Lucius Junius Brutus, 21; on Snaebjorn, 24, 87, 94; on Maelstrom, 91, 205; on translation of Snorri, 361-364
  • Goosseus, R., 364
  • Gordius, 237-238
  • Gordon, Cyrus, 402
  • Gassmann, P. F., 323, 402, 409, 432
  • Gatze, Albrecht, 433
  • Granet, Marcel, 127, 129
  • Great Magical Papyrus of Paris, 147
  • Greece, 225; mythical floods of, 57; and astrology, 64; earth as center of universe in, 66; mythology of, 132­134; story of Phaethon in, 263, 267; Weil on, 330
  • Gregoire, Henri, 364
  • Gregoire de Tours, 10
  • Griaule, Marcel, vii, 53, 327, 347, 353
  • Grimm, Jacob, 158, 271, 277, 354; on Orendel, 356-357; on Heimdal, 387; on horse’s head, 395-396; on Lake Eim, 397
  • Grimm, W., 133n
  • Grimnismal, 162
  • Grotte (Frodhi’s quern), 88-89, 107, 146; derivation of, 91; Freyr and, 93; parallel with Sampo, 111, 112; and Maelstrom, 205
  • Gundel, W., 228, 296
  • Guthrie, W. K. c., 238
  • Guyana, Indians of, 217, 246
  • Gwyon, 347
  • Gylfaginning, 156, 160; last paragraph of, 163
  • Gylfi, 160-161, 163

[H]

  • Hackelberg, 249
  • Hades, 407, 437; voyage of Odysseus to, 198-199. See also Underworld
  • Haeckel, Ernst, 71
  • Hagar, Stansbury, 243
  • Hagen, 335
  • Hahn, J. G. von, 90n
  • Hallberg, 386
  • Hallinskidi (Heimdal), 158, 386
  • Hamel, A. G. van, 161
  • Hamlet, 360, 363; as starting point, 1-2; contrasted with Amleth, 18-19; and Lucius Junius Brutus, 21; and Ophelia, 34; forms of, 50; Icelandic origins of, 86-87, 95; as Mars and Saturn, 176
  • Hamlet, quoted, 137
  • Hanuman, monkey-god, 403
  • Haosravah, 36
  • Harranians, the: planetary heptogram of, 4; on Mars, 176; Tammuz festival of, 282, 284
  • Harris, Rendel, 225-226
  • Harrison, Jane E., 189, 190, 274, 320
  • Hausravah, river, 201, 217
  • Havelock the Dane, 20
  • Hawaii, 163, 201
  • Hawkins, Gerald, 69
  • Hegel, G. W. F., 149
  • Heidel, Alexander, 288, 410, 420, 433
  • Heimdal, 155, 387; nine mothers of, 157-158
  • Hektor, 163
  • Helios, 251
  • Hephaistos, 128, 177, 201, 259, 264, 320; thrown by Zeus, 272-273
  • Hera, 272
  • Heracles, 167, 287. See also Herakles
  • Heraclitus, 7, 162, 240
  • Heraclitus the Obscure, v
  • Herakles, 214, 246, 422
  • Herimanus Contractus of I Reichenau, 359
  • Hermes, 282, 348; father qf Pan, 276, 277
  • Hermes Trismegistos, 210, 261, 299
  • Herodotus, 37; on Pan, 28j
  • Hesiod, 120, 146, 153, 154, 190, 194, 195, 335; on Styx, 199, 200; on Phaethon, 267
  • Hicetas, 310
  • Hieroglyphics, 72-73
  • Higgins, Godfrey, 256
  • Hildebrand, 335
  • Hinke, W. J., 409
  • Hinze, Oscar Marcel, 400
  • Hipparchus, 66, 142, 143
  • Hippopotamus, Isis as, 415
  • Historia de Preliis, 20
  • History: and reality, 46; and myth, 50, 334, 339; and evolution_ 70; recon­structed by Kepler, 399
  • Hittites, the, 288
  • Hocart, 221
  • Hoder, 160, 161
  • Hollander, John, 9
  • Holmberg, Sandman, 222
  • Holmberg, Uno, 123, 124, 125, 130n, 247, 382, 447
  • Hologram, 56
  • Homer, 91, 116, 183, 189, !90, 295, 336, 385, 389, 437; use of preexistent ma­terials by, 117; voyage of Odysseus to Hades by, 198-199, 200; geogra­phy of, 209; on Kronos, 239; Weil on, 330
  • Hommel, Fritz, 409
  • Honduras, 243, 295
  • Hora Galles (Jupiter), 13_
  • Horapollo, 427
  • Horse’s head, 392-396
  • Horus, 406, 417, 430
  • Horvandillus, 354
  • Hrolf Kraki, 20
  • Huang-ti, the Yellow Emperor, 50; as Saturn, 129, 135
  • Hubal, 221
  • huluppu-tree, 439, 447
  • Humba, 289, 403
  • Humbaba (Huwawa), 289, 290, 403­-404
  • Humboldt, Baron Alexander von, x, 326
  • Hunrakin, 126, 166, 248
  • Huns, the, 315, 335
  • Hurrians, 288, 314
  • Husing, G., 403
  • Huwawa (Humbaba), 289, 314; cedar of, 437-438
  • Hvarna, 40, 265
  • Hvergelmer (Eridu), 111, 208, 209, 234
  • Hyades, the, 166, 175, 177, 398-399
  • Hyginus,312
  • Hyllos, 422

[I]

  • Iahwe, 222
  • Ibn Wa’shijja, 92, 282
  • Iceland, 162, 311, 364; myth of Am­lodhi in, 2, 19; and Denmark, 86; and Ireland, 94-95
  • Ideler, Ludwig, 4, 138
  • I-Ging, 120
  • Iliad, 44, 116, 330, 383; story of He­phaistos’ fall in, 272-273
  • Ilmarinen, the smith, 31, 97, 98-103, 128; stealing of the Sampo by, 104­-107
  • Inanna, 440
  • Incantation, 111
  • Incarnation, Christian doctrine of, 341
  • India, 65, 146, 204, 309, 389; and sha­manism, 123; simile of turning mill­stone, 138; importance of numbers in, 162-163; planetary symbolism in, 240; and the Milky Way, 248n; Eridanus and Ganges, 256, 259; Phaethon in, 263; Kala in, 374; and Rohini’s wain, 398; mythical trees 111, 444
  • Indians, American, 7, 320, 347; on reincarnation, 243; on the Milky Way, 246-247. See also Cherokee, Maya, etc.
  • Indonesia, Rama epic of, 214
  • Indra,79, 166, 310, 372, 393
  • Invariance, myth of, v-vi
  • Iran, 36, 84; shamanism in, 123
  • Iranians, 78, 80, 374
  • Ireland, Snaebjorn’s connection with, 94
  • Irish harp (eruit), 368
  • Ina (Era), 323
  • Inagal, 412
  • Isengrim, 430
  • Ishara tam.tim, 244, 295, 409, 450
  • Ishtar, 215, 216, 290, 291-292, 320, 440
  • Isis, 249, 414-415, 425, 448
  • Ivalde, 155

[J]

  • Jacobsen, Thorkild, 265
  • Jakobsen, Jakob, 366
  • Jambushad, 92
  • James and John (Boanerges), 225, 226
  • Jamshyd, 47, 50, 84, 92, 283, 285
  • Janbushad, 283, 285
  • Japan, 168-169, 338, 383,425
  • Java, 124, 240
  • Jehovah, 223
  • Jenghiz Khan, 128, 335
  • Jensen, Peter, 295, 420
  • Jeremias, Alfred, 214, 409, 432
  • Jerusalem, 22 I
  • Jews, 42 I; myth of ark by, 219; myth of the Abyss by, 220; myth of Noah’s flood by, 386
  • Jiriczek, O. L., 37
  • Joachim of Flora, 334
  • Job, 390; Book of, quoted, 263
  • John Barleycorn, 284
  • Johnsson, Finnur, 378
  • Jokes, function of, 425
  • Joshua, 174
  • Jubar, 355
  • Jung, C. G., 75
  • Jungle Books, 52
  • Jupiter (planet), 130, 239, 289, 314, 324, 372; in Kepler’s figure, 136; con­junction of with Saturn, 244, 268; measurement by, 271; and Nibiru, 432
  • Justinian, 36

[K]

  • Ka’aba, 221, 423
  • Kaianian dynasty, 36
  • Kai Ka’us, 37-38, 40-41, 83, derivation of name, 371, 372;
  • Kai Khusrau, 36, 38-39, 83, 201, 217, 247, 265, 285, 335, 360; parallel with Amlethus, 37, 39; and the nature of myth, 47, 84; and Hamlet, 50; parallel with Mahabharata, 76
  • Kai Kubad, 83
  • Kala, 373-376
  • Kaleva, 96; identity of, 115
  • Kalevala, 26,96, 113, 119, 121; story of, 96-98; Kullervo in, 114; oak in, 223, 446
  • Kalhu, temple at, 221
  • Kali Yuga, 82, 85, 309
  • Kalypso, 295
  • Kampers, Franz, 418-419
  • Kamsa, Uncle, 360-361
  • Kane, 164, 201
  • Kansa (Kamsa), 80, 81
  • Kantele, 104, 107, 108, 369
  • Kara Par, 235
  • Karelia, 447
  • Kartikeya (Skanda), 157
  • Kaulu, 175
  • Kauravas, 78
  • Kavag, the Smith, 129, 370-371
  • Kavy Usa, 371
  • Kavya Ushanas, 372
  • Kayanides, 371
  • Kedalion, 178
  • Kees, Hermann, 405-406
  • Keimer, Louis, 427
  • Keith, A. B., 80
  • Kennedy, E. S., 400
  • Kepler, Johannes, 61, 221, 222, 228, 342; transition figure of, 9, 136, 268, 334; as the last Archais, 74; on the har­mony of the spheres, 151; on planetary conjunctions, 399-400
  • Kerenyi, Karl, 32, 130
  • Keynes, John Maynard, 9-10
  • Khusrau Anushirvan, 36
  • Kiho-tumu, 299
  • Kipling, Rudyard, 49, 51, 311
  • Kircher, Athanasius, S.J., ix, x, 4, 91, 205, 210, 346, 361
  • Kleombrotos, 202
  • Kochob, as “mill peg,” 137
  • Kolyvanovic, I 15
  • Kombabos, 404
  • Koran, 257, 315
  • Koshar-wa-Hasis, 118
  • Kramer, S. N., 438-439, 441
  • Krappe, A. H., 364
  • Krates of Pergamon, 198, 173
  • Krause, Ernst, 379
  • Krishna, 78, 80-82, 83, 85; return of into Vishnu, 309
  • Kritzinger, H. H., 400
  • Krohn, Kaarle, 27, 130n, 447
  • Kronos, 132-133, 146, 14_, 189, 100, 210, 221, 239, 159, 2_S; Orphic Hymn to, 132-133; Proclus on, 134; as Chronos, 134-135, 37x-376; Susanowo as, 176; Zeus son of, 263, 267, 280, 299; stag as, 319; Ogygian, 418-­419
  • Ku, 201
  • Kuan-yin, 130
  • K’uei, 127-128
  • Kuhn, Adalbert, 381, 382
  • Kullervo Kalevanpoika, 2_35, 50, 81, 104, 115, 360, 430; and Hamlet, 50; son of Kaleva, 97; position of, 114; as World Observer, 13f; sea measured by, 171
  • Kumu honua, 201
  • Kumulipo, 7, 163-164
  • Kynosoura, 168

[L]

  • Labat, 439
  • Lake Eim, story of, 397-398
  • Lamaism, Tibetan, 12 3 I
  • Lambert, 301, 303, 448
  • Landsberger, Benno, 411, 443
  • Langdon, Stephen, 290, 4_3, 411
  • Language: problems of, 72-73; classical vs. contemporary, 3.3
  • Lapland, 16, 108, 130
  • Lascaux, caves at, 347
  • Lassie, 51
  • Learning vs. understanding, 118-111
  • Leibniz, Baron, 9, 74
  • Lemminkainen, 97, 104, and stealing of the Sampo, 104-107
  • Leo Grammaticus, 390
  • Lepsius, 4
  • Lethe, 406, 4%5
  • Leverrier, 8
  • Lewy, Hildegard, 110-11.
  • Liber Hermetis Trismegisti, 118
  • Libra, 240-241
  • Liebig, Justus von, viii
  • Liebrecht, Felix, 168, 178, 282
  • L-Iku, 434-436
  • Lilith, 249, 440, 443
  • Little Bear, the, 137
  • Livy, tale of Brutus by, 11-12, 1}
  • Llew Llaw Gyffes, 167
  • Lockyer, Sir Norman, 68, 141
  • Lokasenna, 93, 209
  • Loke, 155, 209, 222, 387, 41x
  • Longfellow, Henry W., 119
  • Lonnrot, Elias, 26, 27, 33, 111, 116; and the Kalevala, 96, 114; ignorance of archaic background of, 117
  • Lono, 201
  • Loth, J., 30n
  • Louhi, 98, 99, 104, 107, 108, 109
  • Lucius Junius Brutus, 11-13, 85; and Hamlet, 50
  • Luckenbill, 41 I
  • Lucretius, 48
  • Ludendorff, Hans, 61, 67
  • Ludr, 92, 111-111, 367
  • Lugh Lamhfada, 304
  • Luke, Book of, quoted, 86
  • Lykaios, Mountain, 278-279
  • Lykophron, 116
  • Lyra, 369
  • Lysimachides, }10

[M]

  • Mabinogi, 365
  • Macdonell, A. A., 394
  • Macrobius, 133, 134-135, In, 195, :68; on reincarnation, 242; on Lethe, 407
  • Maelstrom, 105; origin of, 1.
  • Magi, the, 423
  • Magni, 215
  • Mahabharata, 152, 156n, 236, 159, 163, 309, 371; parallel with Kai Khusrau, 76–78; skanda in, 157; equine head in, 392-393; conjunctions in, 401
  • Mahmud of Ghazna, Sultan, 36
  • Maimonides, 282
  • Maiterae (Maitreya), 113
  • Makalii, 365
  • Makemson, M. W., 139
  • Mallarme, Stephane, 343
  • Malory, Sir Thomas, 51
  • Mande, the, 126, 353,430
  • Maneros, 285
  • Mangaians, the, 241, 144
  • Manicheans, the, 131
  • Manilius, 250, 155, 257
  • Manjirae (Manjusri), 113
  • Mannhardt, Wilhelm, 177, 179
  • Mansikka, V. J., 223, 391
  • Maori, the, 65, 174, 110, 161
  • Marbhan, 368-309
  • Marco Polo, 338, 423
  • Marduk, 166, 267, 270, 294, 324, 325; temple of, 297; tomb of, 303; and Nibiru, 432; on the mes-tree, 450
  • Marquesas Islands, 425
  • Mars (planet), 130, 239, 285, 307, 324; Skanda as, 157; Susanowo as, 172; Samson as, 176; Dante on, 196-197; identity of, 390, 396; as Zu-bird, 443
  • Martius, 338
  • Maskheti (Big Dipper), 415
  • Mathematics, opposition of Aristotle to, 75
  • Matthieu, M., 364
  • Maui, 316
  • Maya, the, 8,61,67, 244, 247, 295,343; and Hunrakan, 126; story of Zipacna by, 175
  • Mayer, Maximilian, 212
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred, 381
  • McGuire, J. D., x
  • me, 301, 302, 304
  • Measures: gift of, 266, 268; planets as,. 271-272; by Zeus, 273; from Eridu, 304; as theme of Greek thought, 330-331
  • Mecca, 221
  • Megara, 425
  • Memory, fountain of, 408
  • Memphis (a mime), 118
  • Menja, 88, 116, 158, 380, 388
  • Menomhis, 416
  • Mercer, S., 414
  • Mercury (planet), 239, 271, 282, 289, 314; Humbaba as, 404
  • Merlin, 347
  • Mesopotamia, 303, 424; astronomy 01, 66, 216; and shamanism, 123, 114; cities of, 239; story of Phaethon in, 267; fire-god of, 321; mythical trees of, 448
  • Mes.tree, 437-439, 448, 450
  • Mexico, 74, 93, 136, 247, 405; Mars in, 176, 307; mythical trees in, 446
  • Michael Scoms, 228, 258, 309
  • Mid-air, 249
  • Midas, son of Gordius, 237
  • Mikku, 441, 443
  • Milky Way, the, 162, 111, 113, 1)0­ 131, 242, 256, 407, 446; gates to, 244; relation to Precession, 145; for spirits of the dead, 246-247; as Brunelstraat, 248; position of in the Golden Age, 258; and the Ganges, 260
  • Mill, the: in fable, 1; Grotte, 88-89; in Homer, 90; Sampo, 98-102, 104-108, 111; broad meaning of, 116; iden­tity of with heaven, 140; motion and destruction of, 146; rotary, 388. See also Grotte; Sampo
  • Millstone, heavens turning as, 137-138
  • Milton, John, 135; Samson Agonistes, 165, 174; Paradise Lost quoted, 377
  • Mithra, 264-265
  • Mitra, 264
  • Mitravaruna, 164, 16S
  • Mixcouatl, 136
  • Mnevis, 285
  • Modi, 225
  • Mohammed 11, 339
  • Mongols, the, 130, 119, }IS, HS, 311
  • Moon, 239
  • Mooney, James, 389
  • Mordvinians, the, 26, 392
  • More, Sir Thomas, 51n
  • Moritz, L. A., 388
  • Morphology, comparative, ?
  • Morris, Desmond, 324
  • Moses, 44n, 60, 157,315
  • Mot, 367
  • Mother Scorpion, 195
  • Motion, by number vs. by generation, 308
  • Mouse (Mysing), 364-365
  • Movers, F. K., 404
  • Much, R., 386
  • Muellenhoff, 88
  • Muller, Max, 326
  • Mundilfoeri, 139, 158, 377, 3_2
  • Mundill (Mundell), 378-383
  • Mus, Paul, 124
  • Mus Padk, 365
  • Music: origin of, 7; as expression of world of abstract form, 3+6
  • Musical instruments, origin of, 368­-369
  • Mylinos, 116
  • Myrina, 304
  • Mysing, 364, 380
  • Mysingr, 89, 107, 378
  • Myth: vs. fable, 47; nature of, 48; and history, 50; and science fiction, 51; cosmological information in, 150; used by Plato, 310-311; language of, 311-312; and poetry, 312; ambiguity of, 312-313; long and short forms of, 321; influence of on history, 337

[N]

  • Nabataean Agriculture, 282. 285
  • Nangaru the Carpenter, 314, 403-404
  • Nanshe, 301, 417
  • Near East, shamanism in, 113. See also individual countries by name
  • Nebrod, 390
  • Nebuchadnezzar, dream of, 195
  • Neckel, Gustav, 366
  • Nectar, 259, 426
  • Needham, J., 161
  • Nefer-ka Ptah, 113
  • Nemesis, place of in myth, 335-336
  • Nephthys, 414
  • Nergal, 297, 323, 324; Gilgamesh as, 448-449
  • Nets, destruction by use of, 174-175
  • Neugebauer, O., 414
  • Newton, Isaac, vi, 61, 342; as magician, 9; and gravitation, 64-65; Age of, 68
  • New Zealand, Maori of, 65f., 261
  • Nibelungen, Fall of the, 331
  • Nibiru, 431-437; explanations of word, 432-435
  • Nicander, 42 I I
  • Nicaragua, 243, 244, 295,407
  • Nidhogger, 443
  • Niedner, Felix, 366
  • Nihongi, 7, 168, 171, 174
  • Nile river, 253, 256, 263, 416-417
  • Nimin, 288
  • Nimrod, 166, 177
  • Nineveh, 239-240
  • Ningishzida, 367
  • Ninurta, 133, 297
  • Noah, 222-223, 298, 386
  • Nonnos, 251, 252, 255, 385
  • Normandy, 278
  • Normann, F., I38n
  • Norse myth, related to Kalevala, 26
  • North Pole, 200
  • Nudimud,270
  • Number, as unifying principle, 9, 74­-75
  • Numbers: repetition of, 7; significance of, 162; as secret of things, 332
  • Numenius of Apamea, 188, 196, 239, 240
  • Nut, 262

[O]

  • Oak tree, in Kalevala, 446-447
  • Oannes, 418-419
  • Ocean, relation of to Phaethon story, 263-265. See also Sea
  • Oceanus, 184, 199
  • O’Curry, Eugene, 368-369
  • Odin, 160, 249, 292
  • Odysseus, 90, 98, 315, 447; voyage to Hades, 198-199, 200, 273; oar of, 270-271, 302. See also Ulysses
  • Odyssey, 116, 198, 354, 356; mill in, 90; whirlpool in, 204
  • Oervandil, 261
  • Ogotemmeli, 55, 347
  • Ogygia, 205, 209, 239, 295, 299, 418­-419
  • ogyglon, 200
  • Ohlmarks, Ake, 387
  • Oikoumene, 64
  • Oinomaos, 280
  • Okeanos, 189-191, 198, 203, 214
  • Okoi of Audista, 1 II
  • Olaf Hvitaskald, 163
  • Old Testament, 120
  • Olrik, A., 364, 365
  • Olschki, L., 423
  • Olympic Games, 268, 280, 401
  • Omar Khayyam, 45, 47, 113
  • Omphalos of Delphi, 304
  • One-Leg, 126-127
  • Onians, P. B., 189
  • Ontrei, I I 1
  • Open Hole in Heaven, 143
  • Ophelia, 34
  • Oppenheim, A. L., 404
  • Orendel, etymology of, 356-358
  • Origen, 309
  • Origins of Scientific Thought, vi
  • Orion, 166, 175, 247, 353-355; Samson as, 177; zalos
    near, 210
  • Orpheus, 7, 222
  • Orpheus the Thracian, quoted, 137
  • Orphics, the, 189-190, 242, 267
  • Orvandil/Eigil (the Archer), 155, 354
  • Orvandils-ta, 354-355
  • Orvendel, 12, 87
  • Orwandel, 354
  • Osiris, 281, 285, 299, 303, 414, 448, 449
  • Ostyaks, 26, 130n
  • Ovid, 57, 118, 168; on Phaethon, 251, 252, 253, 263, 265

[P]

  • Pali-uli, 201
  • Pan, 275-277, 278, 285-287, 341
  • Pandavas, 78, 309
  • Paranatellonta, 256
  • Parmenides, 65, 200, 340
  • Pascal, Blaise, 7 I
  • Pastor of Hermas, 223
  • Paulus Alexandrinus, 44n
  • Pausanias, 69, 20m, 268, 408, 422
  • Pawnee, 243, 309; Skidi-Pawnee, 384
  • Pecuchet, 327
  • Pegasus, 297, 420
  • Pelops, 280, 386
  • Penelope, mother of Pan, 276, 277
  • Periodic system of the elements, 61
  • Persephone, 280
  • Persia, 36, 129
  • Perspective, as token of Scientific Revolution, 342
  • Peru, iii, u6
  • Petavius, 4
  • Petron, 202
  • Petronius, 138
  • Phaedo, 206, 208, 220
  • Phaedrus, 305-306, 328, 348
  • Phaethon, 210, 250-252, 258, 347; sur­vivals of theme of, 253-254; placed among stars, 255; significance of, 256; and the oceans, 263-265; as Saturn, 265
  • Phaidon, 195
  • Pherecydes, 223
  • Pherekydes, 189
  • Philae, 303
  • Philistines, 166, 167, 173-174
  • Philolaos, 231-232, 310
  • Phlegethon river, 195
  • Photius, 422
  • Physics, of the Stoics, 64
  • Picus, 291
  • Pied Piper, the, 7
  • Fiero della Francesca, 224
  • Pindar, 286
  • Pingree, D., 400
  • Piran, 38-39
  • Pisces, Age of, 244, 268, 341
  • Pishdadian dynasty, 36
  • Pisistratus, 116
  • Plain of Truth, triangular, 202-203 Planets: as measuring, 271-272; as in­struments of time, 306-307. See also planets by name
  • Plato, vi 3, 57, 134, 149, 193, 265, 271, 282, 330, 383, 389; and the language of myth, 6, 47, 51, 305, 310-313, 328; time machine of, 143, 190; on Soc­rates’ last tale, 179; on world as dodecahedron, 187; on the frame of the cosmos, 230-232; on the sun, 246; on legend of Phaethon, 252, 273;
    Timaeus of, on creation of souls, 306-310; on a cosmic model, 333; on time vs. space, 340, 376; on language and memory, 347-348; on Lethe, 406-407
  • Pleiades, 125, 157, 164n, 177, 213, 239, 307; and Zipacna, 175; Lyre of the Muses, 369; on shield of Achilles, 385; and Noah’s flood, 386
  • Pliny, 195, 215
  • Plough-star, 32 I
  • Plutarch, 134, 187, 101-103, 267, 383; story of death of Pan by, 275-276, 281, 282, 341; on Kronos, 299, 419
  • Po, river, Eridanus as, 254, 256
  • Poetry: early concept of, 119; and the idiom of myth, 312
  • Pogo, Alexander, 141
  • Pohja, 233
  • Pohjola, 98, 99, 101, 104
  • Polaris: and Saturn, 136; as peg, 140; and the Milky Way, 260-261
  • Polemon, 320
  • Pole stars, 59, 141; shifting of, 142­-143; removing of, 383-384
  • Poliziano, 11
  • Pollux, 32 I
  • Polynesia, 425, 437; Dechend’s work in, vii-viii; myths of, 163, 316; Orion in, 166; and the whirlpool, 213, 239; and reincarnation, 242-243; myths about rat in, 365
  • Poseidon, 315,437
  • Pramantha, 139, 140, 320, 382
  • Pratap Chandra Roy, 394
  • Precession of Equinoxes. See Equi­noxes
  • Proclus, 134, 136, 188, 203n, 259, 267, 268, 299, 346; on fox star, 385
  • Procyon, 289, 314,403
  • Prometheus, 139; Kronos as, 133; Cat­lo’ltq story of, 318-319; derivation of name, 379-383
  • Proto-Pythagoreans,6
  • Psalms, Book of, quoted, 86
  • Ptah 12_ 135, 222, 285, 29, 38, 427
  • Ptolemy, vi, 50, 143, 257, 388; Geography of, 63-64; on fixed stars, 307
  • Pukku, 441, 443
  • Puranas, 78, 259-260
  • Pyramid Texts, 120, 132, 414, 443
  • Pyriphlegethon, river, 184, 195, 198
  • Pythagoras, v, 121, 174, 187, 279; and mathematics, 6; and music, 369
  • Pythagoreans, 65, 202-203, 242, 334; on legend of Phaethon, 252-253, 256; tradition of, 310; and mathematical sciences, 330-331
  • Pytheas, 25
  • Python, 304, 428, 44

[Q]

  • Quecholli, 410
  • Quechua, the, 166
  • Querns, rotary, 388. See also Mill
  • Quetzalcouatl, 42n, 77, 78, 93, 213, 247, 322, 360, 382, 418
  • Quzistan, 284

[R]

  • Ra, 262, 285, 425
  • Rabuse, G., 196
  • Radloff, 123
  • Radulf, Johan, 130n
  • Ragnarok, 156, 225
  • Rama, 214
  • Ramesside Star Clocks, 414-415
  • Ran, 208-209, 294
  • Reality: related to history, 46; not concrete, 57
  • Recitation, of ancient poetry, 111
  • Reincarnation, 242-243
  • Rembrandt van Rijn, 333
  • Rephaim, 115
  • Republic, vision of Er the Armenian in, 230-231
  • Reuter, O. S., 158, 355, 362, 386
  • Revelation, demons from, 423-424
  • Reynard the Fox, 248, 347,430
  • Rhea, 259,425
  • Rhone river, 256
  • Riccioli, 400
  • Riemschneider, Margarete, 443
  • Rigel, 210, 261, 355
  • Rigveda, 44, 120, 139, 140, 161, 263, 264; Kavya Ushanas in, 37, 371; Agni in, 157, 322; on Heimdal, 158; numbers in, 162; on Yama, 304; Kala in, 374
  • Rilke, Rainer Maria, quoted, 329 ]
  • Rimbaud, Arthur, 343
  • Rishyasringa, 401
  • Rita, 265, 267, 318
  • Rivers of earth, 256
  • Rivers of heaven, 188-189, 195, 196; as time, 201; and Eridanus, 256-257
  • Robert le Diable, 279
  • Rohini, wain of, 398
  • Romance of Alexander, The, 51, 339
  • Rome, 339
  • Roscher, W. H., 286
  • Ross, W. D., 4
  • Rouen, Ettienne de, 418
  • Rouse, W. H. D., 255
  • Rudra, 365
  • Rumia, 437
  • Russell, Bertrand, v
  • Russia, 223; story of Kjolyvanovic in, 115; and wood of the Cross, 227; on end of the world, 384; mythical trees in, 447
  • Rustam, 43
  • Rydberg, Viktor, 92, fI 139, 141, 155, 362, 363; on Heimdal, 158, 159; on Hvergelmer, 208; on Yggdrasil, 233-­234

[S]

  • Sagittarius, 239, 244, 261, 296, 321; Centaur, 424
  • Sahagun, 32 I
  • St. Francis, 334
  • St. Helena, 224
  • Saitan, 392
  • Salonen, A., 411, 439
  • Salt-mill, 366
  • Sampo, the, 98, 205, 221; building of, 98-102, 128; stealing of, 104-107; breaking of, 108, 14_; meaning of, 111, 121; and Samson, 176; etymol­ogy of, 232; roots of, 133
  • Sampsii Pettervoinen, IIp, 446
  • Samson, 388, 389; story of in Book of Judges, 165, 167, 173; characteristics of, 166-167; and Mars, 176; identity of, 177-178
  • Samson Agonistes, 116, f65
  • Samson Kolyvanovic, 1
  • Sanskrit, 91, 139; etymology of Sampo 111, 232-233
  • Santiago, 226
  • Saptarshi, 301
  • Sarapis, Oracle of, 313-314
  • Satanael, 227
  • Satit,321 I
  • Saturn, 194, 239, 268, 321, 373; Huang­ ti as, 129; Egyptian, 29; of Lapps, 130; Kronos as, 133, 134-135, 283; Lord of Measures, 13 -136; and the Golden Age, 146, 269 Lord of the Mill, 148; as originator of times, 15H; in pre-Islamic tradition, 221; as earth-dweller, 222; and the cube, 222-223; conjunction of with Jupi­ter, 244, 268; Phaethon as, 265-268; as measurer, 271; reincarnations of, 418-419
  • Saturnalia, 222
  • Saud, 79
  • Saxo Grammaticus, 270; Gesta Dan­orum, 12; story of Amleth by, Il­ 18, 23-24, 174; later life of Hamlet, 20; on the wolf-horse, 32; on foster-­sister, 34; parallels of Amlethus and Kai Khusrau, 37; division of story by, 82-83; Iceland as source for, 86-­87
  • Saxton, Mark, 5Ill
  • Sayce, 420
  • Scaligeri, family of Verona, 279
  • Scandinavia, 225
  • Scherer, Anton, 357
  • Scheria, 316
  • Schlegel, Gustave, 135, 136n
  • Schmidt, Leopold, 280
  • Schmoekel, Hartmut, 420
  • Schott, A., 292n
  • Schroder, F. R., 162
  • Schroedinger, Erwin, 72
  • Science: origins of, v-vi; primitive, as art of fugue, 65; Tolstoi on, 329-­330; archaic, 331; related to three-­dimensional space, 342
  • Science fiction, as myth, 51
  • Scorpius, 244, 251, 261, 294, 295, 296, 450
  • Sea: references to, 35; mythical ex­planations of, 263. See also Ocean
  • Secular motion, 143
  • Selket-Serqet, 244, 295,409, 450
  • Serpent of Eden, 222
  • Servius, 195, 257
  • Setala, E. N., 26, 34-35, lIS
  • Seth, 430
  • Setna (Seton Chamwase), 113
  • Seven heavens, 123-124
  • Seven Sages, 301
  • Seven Sleepers of Ephesus, 299
  • Seven Stars of Ursa, 3
  • Shahna’a, 36, 37-39, 50, 117
  • Shakespeare, William: contrasted with Saxo, 18-19; on the foster-sister theme, 34; on Mars and Saturn, 176
  • Shamanism, 121-132; analysis of, 121-­122; seven heavens as ladder for, 124; drum as device of, 124-128; Siberian, 125; significance of black­smith in, 128-130
  • Shamash-Helios, 290, 294-295, 297, 303
  • Shesha-Serpent, 79, 310
  • Shetland dialect, 91
  • Shiva, 236, 260
  • Shun, Emperor, 127-128
  • Shunashepa Hymns, 429
  • Siam, 127
  • Siduri, 209, 210, 294, 295, 412, 450
  • Signs, zodiacal, relation of constella­tions to, 144-145
  • Sigu, 217-218, 223; brown monkey of, 222
  • Sikander (Alexander the Great), 83, 84
  • Simana of Mekrijarvi, 111
  • Simmias, 180-186
  • Simrock, Karl, 357, 367, 378-379, 386
  • Sirius, 215, 239, 279, 284, 290, 320, 321, 357-358, 409, 429; Pan as, 285, 286; yew tree of, 447, 448
  • Siryenians, 26
  • Sivin, N., 128n
  • Siyawush, 37-39
  • Skadi, 170, 425
  • Skaldskaparmal, 24, 87
  • skambba, 227, 232, 233, 261, 306, 317; fire-sticks part of, 321
  • Skanda (Mars), 157
  • Slagfin the Musician, 155
  • Sleep and sleepers, 298-300, 418
  • Smintheus, Apollon, 364
  • Smith, Sidney, 443
  • Smiths: in shamanism, 128-130; as fos­ter fathers of heroes, 371, 373
  • Snaebjorn, 24, 92, 139, 146, 363; identity of, 94; on the whirlpool, 205
  • Society, vs. culture, 71
  • Sociology, anthropological, 71
  • Socrates, 195, 210, 231, 246; in Phaedo, quoted, 179-186; on psychology, 190; on location of the world, 193; on Tartaros, 238
  • Soden, W. von, 120
  • Solon, 252, 253
  • Solstices, 62
  • Soma, the, 372,429
  • Sophocles, 118, 421
  • Souls: created by the Demiurge, 306­-307; journey of, 406-407
  • South America, 166; Indians of, 247
  • South Pole, celestial, 265, 417, 422; ex­empted from Precession, 269
  • Space: preceded by time, 65, 340-341; in modern world, 342
  • Speiser, E. A., 300, 402, 410, 412, 420; on Nebiru, 432
  • Spencer, Herbert, 70
  • Sravana, 236
  • Ssabians of Harran, 92
  • Stag, symbol for Kronos, 319, 320, 427
  • Stars: gods as, 177; fixed, 306-307
  • Stegemann, Viktor, 252
  • Stephanus of Byzantium, 266, 416
  • Stoics, 64
  • Stokes, W., 29n
  • Stonehenge, 68
  • Stone Things, identity of, 410-412
  • Strabo, 198, 254, 303
  • Strom, A. V., 386
  • Stucken, Eduard, 390, 401, 409
  • Sturluson, Snorri, 24, 86, 90; on Vaf­hbrudnismal, 92; Gylfaginning, 156, 160, 163; on the Maelstrom, 205, 207-208; Gollancz on, 363; critics of, 365-366; on Heimdal, 387
  • Styx, 147n, 184, 188, 190, 209; in Dante, 194-195; in Homer, 198; in Hesiod, 199, 200; color of, 292; powers of water from, 422
  • Submarine life, 391
  • Sumer, 267, 284, 288, 324, 438-439 Sumerian (language), 120, 302, 314, 449
  • Sumo Indians, 243
  • Sun, position of, 59, 246
  • Sun (Chinese monkey), 270
  • Suomi, 108
  • Surt, “the Black,” 156-157, 161
  • Susa, 6
  • Susanowo, 168-172, 176, 292, 390, 425
  • Svarnara, 265
  • Symplegades, 318
  • Synchronicity, universal, 75
  • Syria, 214

[T]

  • Tafa’i, 291
  • Tahaki, 175, 426, 444-446
  • Tahiti, 291, 395
  • Taillte, Games of, 304
  • Talos, 178
  • Tamerlane, 335, 339
  • Tammuz, 91-92, 276, 281, 283, 448; identity of, 284-285
  • Tane, 223,445
  • Tantalos, 280
  • Tapir, the, and the Milky Way, 246­-247
  • Tarquin, King, 21-23; dream of, 37, 41
  • Tartaros, 183-185, 188, t94, 196, 199, 200, 238, 274
  • Taurus, 405; Age of, 125
  • Taylor, A. E., 187
  • Teiresias, 302
  • Telechines, 147n
  • Tell, William, 357
  • Tepictoton, 360
  • Testa, Domenico, 67
  • Teukros, 240, 256
  • Texcatlipoca, 247
  • Tezcatlipoca, 126, 136, 176, 261, 320, 322, 382, 405
  • Thamus, 275-277, 282, 34
  • Theaetetus, 190, 246
  • Theodoric, 335
  • Theodosius, Edict of, 34:
  • Theogony, 199
  • Theseus, 172
  • Thetis, 272,422
  • Thidrek (Theodoric), 133
  • Thiersch, F., 397-398
  • Third Vatican Mythograther, 239
  • Thjassi/Volund, the Maker, 155
  • Thor, 160, 161, 163, 261, 54-355
  • Thot, 151, 282, 348
  • Thucydides, 331
  • Thunder, sons of, 225-226
  • Thureau-Dangin, F., 124
  • Tiamat, 153, 261, 262
  • Tiberius, 275-277, 341
  • Tides, relation of to whirlpools, 208
  • Tiki, 316
  • Timaeus, 187, 246, 252, 376; creation scheme in, 305-309; as myth and wisdom, 328, 33 I, 334, 396-397
  • Time: as measure, 8; as dimension of heaven, 44; relation of to myth, 47; space preceded by, 65; rivers of heaven as, 201; and Saturn, 269; and timelessness, 270; biological vs. of mankind, 327-328; cyclic, 332; vs. space, 340-342
  • Time machine, 154, 307; and Preces­sion of Equinoxes, 143-144
  • Timon, 231
  • Titanus, 153, 274
  • Tlaloc, 290
  • Tolkien, J. R. R., 52
  • Tolstoy, Leo, 329-330
  • Tombs, study of, 303-304
  • Tonga, 204
  • Toscanelli, Paolo, 339
  • Tragedies, Greek, 117-118 Translation, problems of, 72
  • Trees, mythological, 223, 227, 247, 317; in epic of Gilgamesh, 437-450; in India, 444; in Tuamotua, 444-446; in Mexico, 446; in Finland, 446-447; significance of, 448-450
  • Trigon of Great Conjunctions, 268
  • Triptolemus, 116
  • Troy, 163, 336, 385
  • True Cross, 224
  • Tsham-Pas, 392
  • Tuamotu islands, 299, 444
  • Tungus, the, 247
  • Tupi, the, 166, 247
  • Tupi-Guarani, the, 247
  • Turan, 37
  • Turanians, 78, 80
  • Turkestan, 235
  • Turks, 371
  • Tursum Beg, 339-340
  • Turtle, in Greek myth, 369
  • Turu, 246
  • Tvashtri, 372, 393
  • Twilight of the Gods, 141, 163; Rag­narok, 156
  • Tycho, 228
  • Typhon, 249
  • Tyrol, 277, 280

[U]

  • Uemac, 360
  • Ugro-Finnish languages, 26
  • Uhland, Ludwig, 355, 357
  • Uller, 447
  • Ulysses, 197, 336-337; and the whirl­pool, 204
  • Umbilicus Maris, 238
  • Underworld, the, 267; sequence in rulers of, 448. See also Hades
  • Ungnad, Arthur, 420, 435
  • Universality of doctrines, 6-7
  • Untamo, 27-30, 430
  • Ural-Altaic Asia, center of shamanism, 121, 123
  • Urd, 234
  • Ursa Major, 247, 260, 264, 384, 405; seven oxen of, 138; on shield of Achilles, 385
  • Ursa Minor, 429
  • Urshanabi, 295, 296, 300, 411, 417; son-in-law of Enki-Ea, 301; comparative individuals to, 430
  • Uruk, 288, 290, 300-301, 440; meaning of, 304
  • Urvashi, 291
  • Usener, Hermann, 326
  • Utnapishtim, 209, 214, 219, 293, 295, 296; ark of, 221, 435; story of Deluge by, 297-298; and Gilgamesh, 298-301
  • Utopia, 51n
  • Uzumue, 425

[V]

  • Vadava-mukha, 394
  • Vafthrudnismal, 366-367, 378; Snorri on, 92
  • Vainamoinen, 97, 98-99, 115, 128, 141, 206, 210, 216, 228, 447; in belly of ogre, 103-104; and stealing of the Sampo, 104-107; and Kantele, 108, 109, 369; departure of, 110-111; con­test of with Youkahainen, 113; and Kullervo, 114-115; as shaman, 129
  • Vaisvanara, an Agni, 429
  • Vajda, Laszlo, 121
  • Valens, 256
  • Valerius Maximus, 21, 23
  • Valéry, Paul, quoted, 56, 344
  • Valhalla, 7, 162
  • Vall, 161
  • van der Waerden, B. L., 211, 401, 436
  • Vanir, the, 155, 160
  • Varahamihira, 65-66, 398
  • Varuna, 263, 264, 265
  • Vasishtha. 264, 392
  • Vedas, 7, 335, 345-346, 374, 393
  • Vega, 261-262
  • Venus (planet), 74, 216, 239. 261, 290, 355
  • Vezelay, 261
  • Vidal, 160, 161
  • Vigfusson, 94, 139, 156n
  • Vindler (Heimdal), 159
  • Vipunen, 103-104
  • Virchow, Rudolf, 71
  • Virgil, 59-60, 62, 164, 176, 296, 336, 424; supposed prophecy of, 114, 244-245; Georgics, 167, 258; quoted, 192; as Dante’s guide, 192-198; on Lethe, 407
  • Virgo, 245, 248-249
  • Vishnu, 78-79, 82, 259-260, 383; Krishna in, 309; and horse’s head, 393, 394
  • Vishvamitra, 236
  • Voguls, 26, 130; on the Milky Way, 247
  • Voltaire, Francois Marie Arouet, 334
  • Voluspa, 141, 160
  • von Hammer, 339
  • von Soden, 433
  • Vortex, 111
  • Votyaks, 26
  • Vrihaspati, 372
  • Vurukasha Lake, 40, 215, 217, 265

[W]

  • Wagner, Richard, 156
  • Wainwright, G. A., 405
  • Waralden olmay, 130
  • Warner, Arthur, 36n, 83, 84
  • Warner, Edward, 36n, 83, 84
  • Wars of Alexander, The, 20-21
  • Water, origin of, 223
  • Way-openers, cosmological relevance of, 318
  • Weber, A., 428
  • Weidner, Ernst, 307, 403, 436
  • Weil, Simone, 329, 330, 331
  • Wells, stones thrown in , 423, 426
  • Werewolves, 278
  • West Africans, 7
  • Westphalia, 249
  • West Sudan, 126, 249,43
  • Whakatu, 174
  • Wheeler, Post, 169
  • Whirlpool, 90-91, 320; universality of, 204-205; in Homer, 2 ; among the Norse, 205; in Adam of Bremen, 206; among the Cherokee, 207; in Snorri, 207-208; in the sky, 210-212; summary of information on, 238-­239; as ecliptic world, 40; Eridanus as, 258. See also Grotte.
  • White, Lynn, 388
  • Whitehead, Alfred North, 64
  • Whitney, W. D., 233, 374
  • Wild Hunter, the, 249, 292
  • Wilson, H. H., 260
  • Wiseman, D. J., 411
  • Wissowa, 326
  • Woehler, Friedrich, viii
  • Wolves, 278-279
  • World-Observer, 130
  • Wright, Austin, 51n

[X]

  • Xerxes, 84
  • Xolotl, 93

[Y]

  • Yakuts, the, 128, 130, 247
  • Yama, 50, 146, 304, 360, 373. See also Yima
  • Yama Agastya, 319
  • Year, varying lengths of, 428
  • Yggdrasil, the World Ash, 223, 133, 447
  • Yima (jamshyd), 40, 41, 146, 153, 283, 448. See also Yama
  • Yima-ssaeta, 146
  • Ymer, 92
  • Youkahainen, 113
  • Yu the Great, 128, 129, 270
  • Yucaran, 247
  • Yudhishthira, 76-.77, 79, 85, 309

[Z]

  • Zaehner,R. C., 376
  • Zahan, D., 60
  • Zahhak, 84
  • Zal, 43
  • zalos, 258
  • Zebedee, 225, 226
  • Zend Avesta, 36
  • Zenker, R., 37
  • Zeus, 222, 259, 263, 267,437; and fall of Hephaistos, 272-273; and Lykaon, 278-279; and Kronos, 280, 299,424
  • Zeus the Miller, 116
  • Ziggurat, the, 123
  • Zipacna, 175, 390
  • Zodiac, 186-187; true center of action, 60; “signs” of, 144
  • Zohar, 396
  • Zonaras, 23
  • Zoroaster, 84, 376
  • Zu-bird, 440, 443
  • Zurvan akarana, 129, 189, 374, 376


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