Other Accounts of the History of Creation
IV. An Address to the River of Creation 
- O, thou River, who didst create all things,
- When the great gods dug thee out,
- They set prosperity upon thy banks,
- Within thee Ea, the King of the Deep, created his dwelling,
- The deluge they sent not before thou wert!
- Fire, and wrath, and splendour, and terror
- Have Ea and Marduk presented unto thee!
- Thou judgest the cause of mankind!
- O, River, thou art mighty! O River, thou art supreme! O River, thou art righteous!
 This mystical river of creation was evidently suggested by the Euphrates, on the waters of which the fertility of Babylonia so largely depended; for a comparison of similar conceptions of a river of creation both in Egyptian and in Hebrew mythology, see the Introduction. The text forms the opening words of an incantation…