Enuma Elish – Passing Time on Planet X


The Epic of Creation
Gods of the New Millennium
Alan Alford

Where did the Gods come from? According to the Sumerians, the Gods came to Earth from a planet called Nibiru.

Their descriptions of that planet match precisely the specification of the so-called “Planet X”, which is currently being sought by modern astronomers within our own Solar System. This planet is believed to have an elliptical orbit that takes it into the depths of space, well beyond the orbit of Pluto – hence it has not been seen in recent times.

The scientific evidence and ongoing search for Planet X will be dealt with later in this chapter, but first we must review a mass of evidence that traces the history of that planet from the early days of the Solar System right up to the legendary Flood, which I will date to 13,000 years ago. Our quest for Nibiru/Planet X begins with an extraordinary source – a 4,000 year old Babylonian text known as the Enuma Elish.

In 1876, George Smith of the British Museum published his translation of this sacred Babylonian epic, pieced together from broken clay tablets such as that shown in Figure 1. Smith had already caused international headlines with his earlier translation of a Flood text which paralleled the Biblical tale. The Enuma Elish caused an equal stir, for it appeared to represent a creation myth that was far more detailed than the brief Biblical account of Genesis 1.

Nevertheless, for one hundred years, the Enuma Elish was dismissed as mythology – an imaginative account of a cosmic battle of good against evil – and the Babylonian New Year ritual which had developed around it was similarly regarded as meaningless superstition. To the uneducated eye, the Enuma Elish is a tale of battles between one “God ” and another, the hero of which was Marduk, the chief deity of the Babylonians.

The educated scholar, however, realizes that the Babylonians were heirs to the Sumerian culture, and that the vast majority of Babylonian myths are politicized versions of Sumerian originals. The key question is this: if the very UN-Sumerian ritual and political aspects are stripped away from the Enuma Elish, does the tale indeed represent an earlier Sumerian document with valid scientific credentials?

In 1976, Zecharia Sitchin came forward with an amazing, but as yet unrefuted claim, that the Enuma Elish is a cosmological epic, accurately describing the formation of the Solar System 4.6 billion years ago!

Sitchin, an expert in Near fasten languages, realized that the references to “Gods” were in fact references to “planets“, that “winds” could be read as “satellites” and that the role of Marduk paralleled that of a planet known to the Sumerians as Nibiru.

The Babylonian epic begins: Enuma Elish la nabu shamamu – “When on high the heaven had not been named”.

It then lists the “Gods” which were begotten by AP.SU (the Sun),” with descriptions that match the planets of the Solar System in amazing detail.

Then, “in the heart of the deep”, a new and more powerful God, called Marduk, was created:

“Perfect were his members beyond comprehension… unsuited for understanding, difficult to perceive. Four were his eyes, four were his ears; when he moved his lips, fire blazed forth… He was the loftiest of the “Gods”, surpassing was his stature; his members were enormous, he was exceedingly tall.”

Marduk is interpreted by Sitchin as a wandering planet, thrust into the Solar System by an unknown cosmic event, perhaps ejected from a similarly unstable solar-planetary system, its course, first via Neptune, then Uranus, indicates a clockwise direction, contrary to the counter-clockwise rotation of the other planets around the Sun.

This factor will later prove highly significant. The combined gravitational effect of the other planets diverted Marduk into the heart of the newly developing Solar System – towards a collision with a watery planet named Tiamat.

Tiamat and Marduk, the wisest of the “Gods”, advanced against one another; they pressed on to single combat, they approached for battle armed with a “blazing flame” and having acquired various “winds” or satellites, Marduk “towards the raging Tiamat set his face”.

The Lord spread out his net to enfold her; the Evil Wind, the rearmost, he unleashed at her face. As she opened her mouth, Tiamat, to devour him he drove in the Evil Wind so that she closed not her lips. The fierce storm Winds then charged her belly; her body became distended; her mouth had opened wide. He shot there through an arrow, it tore her belly; it cut through her insides, tore into her womb. Having thus subdued her, her life-breath he extinguished.

After he had slain Tiamat, the leader, her band was shattered, her host broken up. The “Gods”, her helpers who marched at her side, trembling with fear, turned their backs about so as to save and preserve their lives. Thrown into the net, they found themselves ensnared… The whole band of demons that had marched on her side he cast into fetters, their hands he bound… Tightly encircled, they could not escape.

The planet Tiamat was thus “extinguished”, but the act of creation was not yet finished.

Marduk became caught in the orbit of the Sun, forever to return to the place of the celestial battle with Tiamat. On the first encounter, Marduk’ s satellite winds had smashed into Tiamat, but one orbital period later, Marduk itself “returned to Tiamat, whom he had subdued” and the two planets did collide The Lord paused to view her lifeless body.

To divide the monster he then artfully planned.

Then, as a mussel, he split her into two parts. The Lord trod upon Tiamat’ s hinder part; with his weapon the connected skull he cut loose: he severed the channels of her blood; and caused the North Wind to bear it to places that have been unknown.

Zecharia Sitchin identifies the upper part (the “skull”) of the watery Tiamat as the future Earth, shunted by one of Marduk’s satellites into a new orbit, along with its largest satellite Kingu (meaning “Great Emissary”). The final act of creation then occurred on the second return of Marduk to the celestial battle-site. This time Marduk collided with the remaining half of Tiamat.

The other half of her he set up as a screen for the skies: locking them together, as watchmen he stationed them… He bent Tiamat’s tail to form the Great Band as a bracelet. Figure 20 shows the overall effects of the celestial battle. Over the course of two orbits, the planet Marduk/Nibiru had created both the heavens (the Asteroid Belt) and the Earth, in addition to the comets. As Sitchin points out, this is identical to Day One and Day Two of the Biblical Book of Genesis!

He failed to mention that the Muslims’ holy book, the Koran, also parallels the Enuma Elish.

“Are the disbeliever’s unaware that the heavens and the Earth were one solid mass which We tore asunder, and that We made every living thing out of water”

Scientists are reluctant to admit that a 4,000 year old text could explain the origins of the Solar System – for that would raise the uncomfortable question of how the Babylonians could have acquired the knowledge – but nevertheless the Enuma Elish does explain virtually all the anomalies of the Solar System that puzzle modern astronomers.

The best example is literally under our feet – planet Earth herself.

For thousands of years, we have taken it for granted that our planet has its land mass concentrated on one side of the globe, with the deep cavity of the Pacific Ocean bed on the other side. Now, as a result of late twentieth century space probes, there is a growing realization that the continent-ocean distinction is unique to the Earth among the Solar System planets.

One particular mystery is that of the Earth’s crust – the outer layer of material which forms the Earth’s surface. On dry land, the continental crust is around 20 miles thick, with mountain “roots” extending 40 miles deep. Beneath the oceans, however, the oceanic crust is only 5 miles thick! This anomaly has been further compounded by the discovery of large slabs of crust, which have mysteriously “dived” 250 miles beneath the Earth’s surface!

Even if this crust is taken into account, Earth still has less than half of the crust it ought to have relative to other planets.” And just to confuse things even more, the oceanic crust dates to no more than 200 million years old, whereas the continental crust dates to 4 billion years! Why is the oceanic crust relatively fresh and what force caused the continental crust to “dive”?

Scientists have produced incredibly contrived theories to explain these mysterious anomalies. For instance, it is thought that the young age of the oceanic crust must be caused by it periodically diving into a “subduction zone” in the mantle below, where it is then somehow recycled.

The Enuma Elish, on the other hand, can explain everything perfectly, for it describes Earth as half of a planet that was catastrophically split into two – the surviving half of the watery planet Tiamat. The process of continental drift makes a lot more sense when seen in this manner as a catastrophic after-effect.

The ancient Sumerians were well aware of this fact; as Zecharia Sitchin has pointed out, the term which they used for the Earth was KI, meaning “to cut off, to sever, to hollow out”. Twenty years after Zecharia Sitchin offered the Sumerian solution to the Earth’s origin, scientists have got no further in suggesting any alternative explanations. In fact, the evidence continues to support what Sitchin said.

Recent improvements in geological dating have demonstrated a mystifying absence of crustal rocks from the Earth’s earliest era, the so-called Hadean era between 4.6-3.96 billion years ago.

Writing in the esteemed scientific journal Nature, J. Vervoort has recently described “early large-scale chemical depletion of the mantle (presumably resulting from the extraction of continental crust)”, whilst fellow-researcher, Richard Carlson wrote:

“Why did the Earth not form an extensive early crust or, if it did, where has all this old crust gone?… data taken in the early 1980s… showed clearly that, 3.8 billion years ago, the mantle had already been depleted by extraction of crust.

Evidence from the Moon also offers confirmation of a cataclysmic event 4 billion years ago. The Apollo missions found a large number of rocks, known as breccias, which had been shattered and then fused together by a sudden, extreme heat.

At the same time, the Moon’s surface layer suddenly melted and its magnetic field declined to a negligible level. We now know that the Moon’s craters, previously thought to be extinct volcanoes, were caused by massive impacts, around 4 billion years ago.”


According to the Enuma Elish, as deciphered by Zecharia Sitchin, the Moon (Kingu) was originally the main satellite of Tiamat, and was thus at the heart of the celestial battle. Its scars of battle can thus be explained.

The origin of the Moon, as a satellite of a larger planet than Earth, also explains one of the greatest riddles of the Solar System. As surprising as it might seem, scientists are bitterly divided on the question of how the Earth came to acquire such a large Moon.

Relative to other planet-satellite relationships, Earth’s Moon is far too large, and this has caused a particular problem with most theories on its origin. Its sheer size argues against the possibility of “capture” by the Earth’s gravity. The fission theory (by which the Moon was ejected by the Earth in an over-spin condition) also fails to explain how such a large mass of material could have been ejected, and has hence led to a hybrid theory whereby a Mars-sized impactor planet might have struck the Earth with a glancing blow.

The fission theory is still favored as the least-bad solution, but if the Moon was ejected from the larger planet Tiamat, then the size constraint on the fission hypothesis is eliminated.

Some experts have deduced from the Moon’s size and composition that it is a bona-fide planet in its own right. As pointed out by Zecharia Sitchin, the Enuma Elish does indeed state that the Moon was about to become a separate planet just prior to the encounter with Marduk.

It is thus no coincidence that the Sumerians always counted the Moon alongside the planets as a separate celestial body. The Enuma Elish also explains a number of apparent contradictions in the composition of the Earth and Moon. Advocates of the fission theory have noted certain common properties in the Earth and Moon crusts, such as tungsten deficiency, which are highly unlikely to be coincidental.

Other studies, however, have shown significant differences in the crust and mantle, whilst radioactive elements found close to the Moon’s surface are only found deep down within the Earth. The inevitable conclusion is that the Moon comprises a combination of terrestrial material and material from an external source, generally assumed to be an impactor planet. That is exactly the scenario described by the Babylonian epic!

Scientific theories on the origin of the Asteroid Belt fare little better than those on the origin of the Earth and Moon. The official line is that the asteroids are small planetesimals (pre-planetary bodies), representing left-over debris from the beginning of the Solar System, that never finished accumulating into a planet.

One theory supposes that, instead of forming a planet, these planetesimals collided too fast and shattered. Unfortunately, there is no underlying scientific theory to support such a contrived explanation. On the other hand, there is scientific evidence to support such a contrived explanation. On the other hand there is scientific evidence to suggest that the asteroids are the remains of a cataclysmic collision.

Apart from the fact that this appears intuitively obvious, there is an astronomical equation known as Bode’s Law which predicts the existence of a planet at the exact distance where the Asteroid Belt orbits the Sun. When the first asteroids were discovered at the beginning of the nineteenth century, an exploded planet was indeed regarded as the obvious explanation.

In the twentieth century, however, astronomers have backed away from the catastrophic explanation due to a perceived lack of asteroidal mass to account for a suitably sized planet. As Zecharia Sitchin has pointed out, the Enuma Elish solves the problem by locating the missing mass in the cleaved planet, Earth herself!

The comets too are a mystery to modern science. Despite a wealth of data and research, they remain one of the most enigmatic features of the Solar System. These icy planetesimals orbit the Sun with vast elongated, elliptical orbits, in contrast to the planets, which have approximately circular orbits.

Some comets return to Earth only once every few thousand years with the longest orbit being that of Kohoutek which is estimated at 75,000 years. They are regarded as the “rebellious members” of the Solar System on account of their orbiting the Sun in many diverse planes, and in the opposite direction to the counterclockwise movement of the planets. Like the asteroids, it was once believed that the comets were evidence of an exploded planet.

Science then regressed into increasingly contrived theories on how they were left-overs from the formation of the Solar System. According to the text books, the comets were somehow flung out by the gravity of the forming planets, generating a swarm known as the Oort cloud in the depths of space. beyond the planet Pluto. After being “stored” in the Oort cloud reservoir, some comets then for no apparent reason “occasionally found themselves on trajectories back into the inner solar system”.

One of the few open-minded modern astronomers, Tom Van Flandern, has recently questioned “certain implausible aspects of the conventional theories” of comets, and particularly the “unlikely Oort cloud hypothesis.”

Van Flandern questions fundamental aspects of the prevailing wisdom, which fail to explain why some comets orbit the Sun 1,000 times farther than Pluto, and why they all orbit in the same clockwise direction. The current theories also fail to properly explain how such an improbable thing as the Oort cloud could ever have formed.

Van Flandern explores the only possible alternative to the Oort cloud hypothesis an exploded planet – and notes that mathematical modelling proves the comets to have a common point of origin. He concludes that: [The] comets originated in the energetic break-up of a body orbiting the Sun in or near the present location of the Asteroid Belt… Exactly as described by the Enuma Elish!

As Zecharia Sitchin has shown, the direction followed by the planet Marduk did indeed take it in the opposite direction to the orbit of the planets. It was on the first passing of Marduk, as described earlier, that Tiamat’s satellites were “broken up” and numerous small planetary bodies (Gods) were thrust by the impact into new orbits, “turning their backs around” to follow the clockwise direction of Marduk itself.

Studies of meteorites have also concluded that these cometary fragments were once part of a larger planet. In 1948, Brown and Patterson conducted an exhaustive survey and stated that: The conclusion appears irrefutable that meteorites at one time were an integral part of a planet. That conclusion has not been refuted since.

In addition to all of the evidence cited above, a number of further anomalies in the Solar System are now being attributed to a hypothetical intruder planet.

These include,

  • the unusual tilt of Uranus
  • the great red spot of Jupiter
  • the retrograde rotation of Venus
  • the eccentric orbit of Pluto

And then there are the moons of Mars, Uranus, Neptune, Saturn and Jupiter, which all show signs of unnatural evolution, whilst Charon, the tiny moon of Pluto, can only be explained by impact theory. It is obvious that the Solar System bears the legacy of a very violent past.

Tom Van Flandern summarizes the case for catastrophism (and hence the Enuma Elish) as follows: The planetary break-up hypothesis explains the observations easily and well.

Conventional models require the invention of numerous new explanations for numerous new observations.


1 thought on “Enuma Elish – Passing Time on Planet X

  1. Pingback: Enuma Elish – The Babylonian-Mesopotamian Epic of Creation | Zecharia Sitchin Index

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